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5. ROMANO-BRITISH (AD 43-c.410): RESEARCH AGENDA

Click here to see the recommended strategic objectives for this period.

5.1 Chronology

5.1.2: How may information on temporal and regional variations in Romano-British pottery typology and vessel fabrics best be disseminated?

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Status:
Active
Date accepted:
14/05/2019
Date of next review:
21/02/2024
Found in the following Frameworks:
East Midlands Historic Environment Research Framework
Categories:
ROMAN
Linked Strategy(s):
Support the dissemination and synthesis of information on Roman finds

5.1.3: How may our understanding of Romano-British sites known only from metal-detected and fieldwalking finds be enhanced?

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Status:
Active
Date accepted:
14/05/2019
Date of next review:
21/02/2024
Found in the following Frameworks:
East Midlands Historic Environment Research Framework
Categories:
ROMAN
Linked Strategy(s):
Support the dissemination and synthesis of information on Roman finds

5.1.5: What are the priorities for scientific dating, particularly radiocarbon, and how may targeted dating programmes be developed for the Romano-British period?

More information on this question
Status:
Active
Date accepted:
14/05/2019
Date of next review:
21/02/2024
Found in the following Frameworks:
East Midlands Historic Environment Research Framework
Categories:
ROMAN
Linked Strategy(s):
Promote the systematic application of scientific dating techniques to sites of the Roman period

5.2 The military impact

5.2.2: To what extent is the pivotal location of the region between civil south and military north reflected in the Romano-British archaeological record?

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5.3 Growth of urban centres

5.3.1: What spurred the foundation of extramural settlements (vici) next to early forts and how was the development of vici and forts related?

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5.3.5: How and why did the urban landscape change in the late Roman period, and what roles may fortifications have played in this period?

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5.4 Rural settlement patterns and landscapes

5.4.1: How did the Conquest impact upon rural settlements and landscapes?

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5.4.2: How and why did settlement forms and building traditions vary within the region and over time?

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5.4.4: How did field and boundary systems relate to earlier systems of land allotment, and how did these boundary networks develop over time?

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5.4.5: What patterns can be discerned in the location of settlements in the landscape?

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Status:
Active
Date accepted:
14/05/2019
Date of next review:
21/02/2024
Found in the following Frameworks:
East Midlands Historic Environment Research Framework
Categories:
ROMAN
Linked Strategy(s):
Investigate the landscape context of rural settlements, Support research and publication of landscape syntheses

5.4.6: Can we elucidate further the daily life of settlements and their role in the processing and marketing of agricultural products?

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5.5 The agricultural economy

5.5.1: How is the upland-lowland divide manifested in the regional agricultural economy and other aspects of the archaeological record?

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5.5.2: How did integration into the Roman Empire impact upon the agrarian economy, including the introduction of new crops, herbs and fruits?

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Status:
Active
Date accepted:
14/05/2019
Date of next review:
21/02/2024
Found in the following Frameworks:
East Midlands Historic Environment Research Framework
Categories:
ROMAN
Linked Strategy(s):
Promote the integration of specialist studies of material relating to subsistence, diet and health

5.5.3: What is the evidence for the diet of people of high and low status in urban and rural settlements, especially those close to military sites?

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5.5.4: Can we chart more closely the processes of agricultural intensification and expansion and the development of field systems?

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5.5.5: Can we define more precisely the networks developed for the trade and exchange of agricultural produce and fish?

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Status:
Active
Date accepted:
14/05/2019
Date of next review:
21/02/2024
Found in the following Frameworks:
East Midlands Historic Environment Research Framework
Categories:
ROMAN
Linked Strategy(s):
Promote the integration of specialist studies of material relating to subsistence, diet and health

5.6 Artefacts: production, distribution and social identity

5.6.2: How can we add to our understanding of the nationally important iron and lead industries?

More information on this question
Status:
Active
Date accepted:
14/05/2019
Date of next review:
21/02/2024
Found in the following Frameworks:
East Midlands Historic Environment Research Framework
Categories:
ROMAN
Linked Strategy(s):
Support the dissemination and synthesis of information on Roman finds, Instigate regional scale characterisation study of industry

5.6.3: How may studies of the production, movement and consumption of pottery contribute to understanding of the regional economy?

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5.6.4: What production techniques and exchange networks were involved in the manufacture and marketing of salt and building materials?

More information on this question
Status:
Active
Date accepted:
14/05/2019
Date of next review:
21/02/2024
Found in the following Frameworks:
East Midlands Historic Environment Research Framework
Categories:
ROMAN
Linked Strategy(s):
Support the dissemination and synthesis of information on Roman finds, Instigate regional scale characterisation study of industry

5.6.5: How can we utilise most effectively the regional coin resource as evidence for the transition to a monetary economy?

More information on this question
Status:
Active
Date accepted:
14/05/2019
Date of next review:
21/02/2024
Found in the following Frameworks:
East Midlands Historic Environment Research Framework
Categories:
ROMAN
Linked Strategy(s):
Support the dissemination and synthesis of information on Roman finds

5.6.6: What can artefact research contribute to studies of eating, drinking and other manifestations of social identity?

More information on this question
Status:
Active
Date accepted:
14/05/2019
Date of next review:
21/02/2024
Found in the following Frameworks:
East Midlands Historic Environment Research Framework
Categories:
ROMAN
Linked Strategy(s):
Create regional corpora of Roman pottery and publish information on key production centres, Support the dissemination and synthesis of information on Roman finds

5.7 Roads and waterways

5.7.1: Can the chronology of road construction and links between road building and campaigns of conquest be clarified?

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5.7.3: To what extent may communication routes have been influenced by Late Iron Age settlement patterns and routes of movement?

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5.7.4: How may roads and waterways have impacted upon established communities and how may roads have influenced urban morphology?

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5.8 Ritual and religion

5.8.1: How far is the location of religious sites related to Late Iron Age activity and to what extent may structured deposition of human/animal bones in settlement/boundary features have continued?

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5.8.2: How far may data from surveys and the Portable Antiquities Scheme assist in locating religious or ritual sites?

More information on this question
Status:
Active
Date accepted:
14/05/2019
Date of next review:
21/02/2024
Found in the following Frameworks:
East Midlands Historic Environment Research Framework
Categories:
ROMAN
Linked Strategy(s):
Support the dissemination and synthesis of information on Roman finds

5.8.3: Can we elucidate the beliefs and practices associated with religious or ritual foci and may certain classes of site have been associated with particular activities?

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5.8.4: Why have so few early Roman burials been found, and may practices have varied regionally and between different communities?

More information on this question
Status:
Active
Date accepted:
14/05/2019
Date of next review:
06/05/2021
Found in the following Frameworks:
East Midlands Historic Environment Research Framework
Categories:
ROMAN
Linked Strategy(s):
Promote the systematic application of scientific dating techniques to sites of the Roman period, Support the application of scientific analysis to human remains

1 Comment

  1. vowen2

    Organisation
    Cotswold Archaeology, Historic England, University of Reading & University of York
    Site/Project Name
    The Rural Settlement of Rural Britain
    Parish
    National
    Report and Web Link
    http://archaeologydataservice.ac.uk/archives/view/romangl/; Allen, M, Lodwick, L, Brindle, T, Fulford, M, Smith, A 2017 The Rural Economy of Roman Britain: New Visions of the Countryside of Roman Britain Volume 2 (Britain Monographs 30). Roman Society Publications; Smith, A, Allen, M, Brindle, T, Fulford, M 2016 The Rural Settlement of Roman Britain (Britannia Monographs 29). Roman Society Publications
    Agenda Topic(s)

    5.4.5 What patterns can be discerned in the location of settlements in the landscape?
    Research Objective(s)

    5H Investigate the landscape context of rural settlements
    How has this work addressed the Research Agenda and Strategy?

    The Roman Rural Settlement research project has brought together the excavated evidence for the rural settlement of Roman Britain with the over-arching aim to inform a comprehensive reassessment of the countryside of Roman Britain. It includes both traditionally published reports and ‘grey literature’ reports from developer-funded excavations since 1990. An interactive map hosted on the website, as well as a set of downloadable .csv files, allow for this data to be further explored and interrogated.

    The project has a national focus but compiles data of relevance to East Midlands research priorities, including Agenda Topic 5.4.5 ‘What patterns can be discerned in the location of settlements in the landscape’ and Research Objective 5H ‘Investigate the landscape context of rural settlements’, with the latter specifically calling for the ‘dissemination of key unpublished datasets’.

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