AIP – Archaeological Investigations Project (University of Bournemouth)

ASC Anglo-Saxon Chronicle

ALSF – Aggregates Levy Sustainability Fund

BERR – Department of Business Enterprise and Regula- tory Reform

BRIDGE – Bristol Research Initiative for the Dynamic Global Environment

HE Historia Ecclesiastica

HWTMA – Hampshire and Wight Trust for Maritime Archaeology

JNAPC – Joint Nautical Archaeology Policy Committee NAS – Nautical Archaeology Society

NGRIP – North Greenland Ice Core Project

PMIP – Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project RCZA – Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment

RIB Roman Inscriptions from Britain

TNA – The National Archives VSc – Life of St Cuthbert

VW Eddius Stephanus

Primary sources

Alcuin of York. Alcuin of York c AD 732–804: His Life and Letters 1974. Translation by S Allott. York: William Sessions Ltd

Ammianus Marcellinus. The Roman Empire of Ammianus 1989. Edited by J Matthews. London: Duckworth

Anon. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1996. Translated and edited by M Swanton. London: J M Dent

Anon. Beowulf: A New Translation 1999 Translation by S Heaney. London: Sage

Aurelius Victor. Liber de Caesaribus 1970. Edited by F Pilchlymar & R Gruendel. Leipzig: Tuebner

Bede. Historia Ecclesiastica: Bede’s Ecclesiastical History of the English People 1969. Translated by R A B Myors & B Colgrave. Oxford: Clarendon/Oxford Uni- versity Press

Bede. Two Lives of Saint Cuthbert 1940. Translated and edited by B Colgrave. Cambridge: Cambridge Univer- sity Press

Caesar. De Bello Civile. 1967. Translation with an introduction by J F Mitchell. Hammondsworth: Penguin Classics

Caesar. De Bello Gallico. 1982. Translation by S A Handford. Hammondsworth: Penguin Classics

Dio Cassius Dio’s Roman History [9 volumes]. 1927. Translation by E Cary. London: Heinemann/Loeb Classical Library

Eddius Stephanus. Life of Wilfrid; The Age of Bede 1965.

Translated by J Webb. London: Penguin

Eumenius Paneygricus. Oratio 1595. London: British Library

Eutropius. Eutropii Brevarium ab urb condita 1979.

Translation by C Santini. Leipzig: Teubner

Felix. Life of Guthlac 1956. Translation by B Colgrave.

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Pliny the Elder. Natural History [10 volumes]. 1938–62. Translation by H Rackham, D E Eicholz & W H S Jones. London: Heinemann/Loeb Classical Library

Strabo. Geographica. 1917. Translation by Horace Leonard Jones. London: Heinemann/Loeb Classical Library

Suetonius. The Twelve Caesars 1957, Translation by Robert Graves. Harmondsworth: Penguin Classics

Tacitius. The Annals of Imperial Rome 1956, Transla- tion by Michael Grant. Harmondsworth: Penguin Classics

Tacitus. The Agricola and The Germania 1970. Translation by H Mattingly & S A Handford. Harmondworth: Penguin Classics

Vegetius. Epitoma rei militaris 1988. Edited by G Lester.

Heidelberg: Carl Winter

Secondary sources

Adams, J R (ed), 1994 Buckler’s Hard: A Report on work carried out during 1993 and 1994 on the 18th century shipbuilding village of Buckler’s Hard and related areas Southampton: University of Southampton

Adams, J R, 2003 Ships, Innovation and Social Change: Aspects of carvel ship-building in northern Europe 1450–1850 Stockholm: University of Stockholm Studies in Archaeology 24

Adams, J, 2012 A Maritime Archaeology of Ships: Innovation and Social Change in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe. Oxford: Oxbow Books

Adams, J & Black, J, 2004 From Rescue to Research: Medieval Wrecks in St Peter Port, Guernsey, Internat J Nautical Archaeol 35(2), 230–52

Adams, J & Brandon, K, 2003 The Axe Boat. University of Southampton: Report for English Heritage and Devon County Council

Adams, J & Foster, D, forthcoming The Axe Boat: An ‘early’ carvel vessel lost and found in the River Axe, Devon, Internat J Nautical Archaeol

Adams, J & Rönnby, J, 2002 Kuggmaren 1: the first cog find in the Stockholm archipelago, Sweden, Internat J Nautical Archaeol 31(2), 172–81

Adams, J & Tomalin, D, 1999 The Bull’s Bay Wreck, Isle of Wight. Unpublished discussion paper, Centre for Maritime Archaeology, University of Southampton, CMA Homepage. Available at http://www.southamp- cma/research/ projects.html [Accessed 13/08/2012]

Adams, J, van Holk, A F L & Maarleveld, T J, 1990 Dredgers and Archaeology: Ship finds from the Slufter Alphen aan den Rihn: Ministerie WVC

Adshead, S, 1997 Material Culture in Europe and China, 1400–1800 The Rise of Consumerism London: MacMillan Press Ltd

Ahuja, R, 2006 Mobility and Containment: The Voyages of South Asian Seamen, c.1900–1960, Internat Rev Social Hist 51(s14), 111–41

Albion, R, 1926 Forests and Sea Power: The Timber Problem of the Royal Navy, 1652–1862. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press

Aldhouse-Green, S H R, Whittle, A, Allen, J R L, Caseldine, A E, Culver, S J, Day, M H, Lundqvist, J & Upton, D, 1992 Prehistoric human footprints from the Severn Estuary at Uskmouth and Magor Pill, Gwent, Wales, Archaeologia Cambrensis CXLI, 14–55

Allason-Jones, L, 1984 A Lead Shrine from Wallsend, Britannia 15, 231–2

Allason-Jones, L, 1996 Roman Jet in the Yorkshire Museum York: Yorkshire Museum

Allason-Jones, L & Jones, J M, 2001 Identification of ‘jet’ artefacts by reflected light microscopy, European J Archaeol 4(2), 233–51

Allen, J R L, 1997 Subfossil mammalian tracks (Flandrian) in the Severn Estuary, S.W. Britain: mechanics of formation, preservation and distribution, Philosoph Trans Royal Soc London B353, 481–518

Allen, J R L, 1999 The Rumenesea Wall and the early settled landscape of Romney Marsh (Kent), Landscape Hist 21, 5–18

Allen, J R L, 2001 Late Quaternary stratigraphy in the Gwent Levels (south-east Wales): the subsurface evidence, Proc Geologists’ Assoc 112, 289–315

Allen, J R L, 2004 Annual textural banding in Holocene estuarine silts, Severn Estuary Levels (south-west Britain): patterns, causes and implications, The Holocene 14, 536–52

Allen, J R L & Fulford, M G, 1987 Romano-British settlement and industry on the wetlands of the Severn Estuary, Antiq J 67, 237–89

Allen, J R L & Fulford, M G, 1990a Romano-British and later reclamations on the Severn salt marshes at Elmore, Gloucestershire, Trans Bristol and Glouc Archaeol Soc 108, 17–32

Allen, J R L & Fulford, M G, 1990b Romano-British wetland reclamations at Longney, Gloucestershire, and evidence for early settlement of the Inner Severn Estuary, Antiq J 70, 288–326

Allen, J R L & Fulford, M G, 1996 The distribution of South-East Dorset Black Burnished Ware Category 1 pottery in south-west Britain, Britannia 27, 223–90

Allen, J R L & Fulford, M G, 1999 Fort Building and Military Supply along Britain’s Eastern Channel and North Sea Coasts: The Later Second and Third Centuries, Britannia 30, 163–84

Allen, J R L, Fulford, M G & Pearson, A F, 2001 ‘Branodunum’ on the Saxon Shore (North Norfolk): A Local Origin for the Building Material, Britannia 32, 271–5

Allen, J R L & Rae, J E, 1987 Late-Flandrian shoreline oscillations in the Severn Estuary: a geomorphological and stratigaphical reconnaissance, Philosoph Trans Royal Soc London B315, 185–230

Allen, M J & Gardiner, J, 2000 Our Changing Coast: A Survey of the Intertidal Archaeology of Langstone Harbour, Hampshire. York: Council for British Archaeology Research Report 124

Allen, M J & Gardiner, J, 2006 Rhythms of Change: a Region of Contrasts, in B W Cunliffe & M J Allen  (eds), Wessex: England’s Landscape London: English Heritage, 13–34

Allen, S J & Dean, G, 2005 Wooden Artefacts including Log boat and Trackway, in G Dean (ed), A614 Welham Bridge to Spaldington An Assessment Report on the Archaeological Watching Brief and Excavation. York: York Archaeological Trust

Allen, T, 2002 The Kentish Copperas Industry, Archaeologia Cantiana 122, 319–33

Alvey, R C, 1996 Marine molluscs in J May, Dragonby Oxford: Oxbow Books, 171

Andersen, S H, 1985 Tybrind Vig: a preliminary report on a submerged Ertebølle settlement on the West Coast of Fyn, J Danish Archaeol 4, 52–69

Andersen, S H, 1987 Tybrind Vig: A submerged Erteblle settlement settlement in Denmark, in J M Coles &  J L Lawson (eds) European Wetlands in Prehistory Oxford: Oxford University Press

Andersen, S H, 2009 Ronæs Skov: Marinarkæologiske undersøgelser af en kystboplads fra Eterbølletid Moesgård: Moesgård Museum/Nationalmuseet

Anderson, A, Barrett, J & Boyle, K (eds), 2010 Global Origins of Seafaring. Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research

Anderson, C, 2005 ‘The Ferringees are flying – the ship is ours!’ The convict middle passage in colonial south and south-east Asia, 1790–1860, Indian Econ and Social Hist Rev 41(3), 143–86

Anderson, R C, 1934 The Bursledon Ship, Mariners Mirror 20, 154–70

Angus, S, 1997 The Outer Hebrides: The shaping of the islands. Cambridge: The White Horse Press

Ansari, H, 2004 The Infidel Within: The History of Muslims in Britain, 1800 to the Present London: C Hurst & Co Publishers

ApSimon, A M, 1965 The Roman temple on Brean Down, Somerset, Proc Univ Bristol Speleological Soc 10, 195–258

Aram, J, 1993 Drift geology in S Bennett and N Bennett (eds), Historical Atlas of Lincolnshire. Lincoln: Society for Lincolnshire History and Archaeology, 6–7

Armour-Chelu, M, 1991 The faunal remains, in Sharples (ed) 1991, 139–51

Armstrong, J, 1987 The Role  of  Coastal  Shipping  in UK Transport: An Estimate of Comparative Traffic Movements in 1910, J Transport Hist 8(2), 164–78

Armstrong, J, 1995 An annotated bibliography of the British coastal trade, Internat J Maritime Hist 7, 117–92

Arnold, B, 1978 Gallo-Roman boat finds in Switzerland, in J du Plat Taylor & H Cleere (eds), Roman Shipping and Trade: Britian and the Rhine Provinces York: Council for British Archaeology Research Report 24, 31–5

Arnott, S, Dix, J K, Best, A I & Gregory, D, 2005 Imaging of buried archaeological materials: the reflection properties of archaeological wood, Marine Geophys Researches 26(2–4), 135–44

Ashbee, P, 2005 Kent in Prehistoric Times. Stroud: Tempus

Ashton, N M & Lewis, S, 2002 Deserted Britain: Declining populations in the British Late Middle Pleistocene, Antiquity 76(292), 388–96

Askew, G, 1980 The Coinage of Roman Britain London Astill, G, 2000 General Survey 600–1300, in D M Palliser, P Clark & M J Daunton (eds), The Cambridge Urban History of Britain, 600–1540 Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 27–49

Astill, G, 2006 Community, Identity and the Later Anglo- Saxon Town, in W Davies, G Halsall & A Reynolds (eds), People and Space in the Middle Ages, 300–1300 London: Turnhout, 233–54

Atkinson, D, 2007 Shipbuilding and Timber Management in the Royal Dockyards 1750–1850: An archaeological investigation of timber marks. University of St Andrews: Unpublished PhD Thesis

Atkinson, M & Preston, S J, 1998 The late Iron Age and Roman settlement at Elms Farm, Heybridge, Essex. Excavations 1993–5: An interim report, Britannia 29, 85–110

Auer, J & Firth, A, 2007 The Gresham Ship: An interim report on a 16th century wreck from Princes Channel, Thames Estuary, Post-Med Archaeol 41(2), 222–41

Ayers, B, 2009 Norwich: Archaeology of a Fine City Stroud: Amberley

Ayers, B & Murphy,  P,  1983  A  waterfront  excavation at Whitefriars Street Car Park, Norwich, 1979, E Anglian Archaeol 17, 1–60

Baeteman, C, 1999 The Holocene depositional history of  the IJzer palaeovalley (western Belgian coastal plain) with reference to the factors controlling the formation of intercalated peat beds, Geologica Belgica 2-1-2, 39–72

Baeteman, C, Scott, D B & Van Strydonck, M, 2002 Changes in coastal zone processes at high-sea-level stand: a late Holocene example from Belgium, J Qua- ternary Sci 17(5–6), 547–59

Bailey, G N, 2004 The wider significance of submerged archaeological sites and their relevance to world prehistory, in N C Flemming (ed), Submarine Prehis- toric Archaeology of the North Sea York: Council for British Archaeology Research Report 14, 3–10

Bailey, G N & Milner, N J, 2002 Coastal hunters and gatherers and social evolution: marginal or central?, Before Farming 3–4(1), 1–15

Bailey, G N & Spikins, P A, 2008 Mesolithic Europe Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Bailey, G N, Carrión, J S, Fa, D A, Finlayson, C, Finlayson, G & Rodríguez-Vidal, J (eds), 2008 The coastal shelf of the Mediterranean and beyond: corridor and refugium for human populations in the Pleistocene, Quaternary Sci Rev 27(23–4)

Baines, D, 1991 Emigration from Europe, 1815–1930 Basingstoke: Macmillan Education

Baker, F T, 1960 The Iron Age salt industry in Lincolnshire, Lincolnshire Archit and Archaeol Soc Rep and Papers 8, 26–34

Baker, F T, 1975 Salt-making sites on the Lincolnshire coast before the Romans, in de Brisay & Evans (eds) 1975, 31–2

Baker, J & Brookes, S, forthcoming Beyond the Burghal Hidage

Baker, P, 2005 Animal Bone, in A Crowson, T Lane, T Penn & K Trimble (eds), Anglo-Saxon Settlement on the Siltland of Eastern England. Sleaford: Lincolnshire Archaeology and Heritage Reports Series 7, 216–28

Balaam, N D, Bell, M, David, A, Levitan, B, MacPhail,  R, Robinson, M A & Scaife, R, 1987 Prehistoric and Romano-British sites at Westward Ho!, Devon: Archaeological and palaeoenvironmental surveys 1983 and 1984, in N D Balaam, B Levitan & V Straker (eds), Studies in Palaeoeconomy and Environment in South-west England Oxford: British Archaeological Reports 181, 163–264

Baldwin, J R, 1989 Exploring Scotland’s Heritage: Lothian and The Borders. Edinburgh: Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland

Barber, J, 1985 Insegall: The Western Isles Edinburgh: John Donald Publishers Ltd

Barber, P, 2006 Medieval Maps of the World, in Harvey (ed) 2006, 1–44

Bard, E, Hamelin, B, Arnold, M, Montaggioni, L, Cabioch, G, Faure, G & Rougerie, F, 1996 Sea level record from Tahiti corals and the timing of deglacial meltwater discharge, Nature 382, 241–4

Barker, R A & Loewen, B, 2009 Hull design of the Mary Rose, in P Marsden (ed), Your Noblest Shippe: Anatomy of a Tudor Warship, The Archaeology of the Mary Rose, Volume 2 Portsmouth: The Mary Rose Trust, 35–65

Barlow, N & Shennan, I, 2008 An Overview of Holocene Coastal Change from Berwick-upon-Tweed to Whitby, in C Tolan-Smith (ed), North East Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment (NERCZA). London: English Heritage

Barrett, J C, 1994 The Bronze Age, in B Vyner (ed), Building on the Past: Papers celebrating 150 years  of the Royal Archaeology Institute London: Royal Archaeological Institute

Barrett, J H, 2007 The pirate fishermen: The political economy of a medieval maritime society, in B Ballin Smith, S Taylor & G Williams (eds), West over Sea: Studies in Scandinavian sea-borne expansion and settlement before 1300. Leiden: Brill, 299–340

Barrett, J H & Richards, M P, 2004 Identity, gender, religion and economy: New isotope and radiocarbon evidence for marine resource intensification in early historic Orkney, Scotland, European J Archaeol 7(3), 249–71

Barrett, J H, Johnstone, C, Harland, J, Van Neer, W, Ervynck, A, Makowiecki, D, Heinrich, D, Hufthammer, A K, Enghoff, I B, Amundsen, C, Christiansen, J S, Jones, A K G, Locker, A, Hamilton-Dyer, S, Jonsson, L, Lõugas, L, Roberts, C, & Richards, M, 2008 Detecting the medieval cod trade: a new method and first results, J Archaeol Sci 35(4), 850–61

Barrett, J H, Beukens, R P & Nicholson, R A, 2001 Diet and ethnicity during the Viking colonisation of northern Scotland: Evidence from fish bones and stable carbon isotopes, Antiquity 75, 145–54

Barrie, T, 2002 18th- and 19th-Century Market Town Industry: An analytical model, Industrial Archaeol Rev 24(2), 75–89

Barron E, Van Andel, T & Pollard, D, 2003 Glacial Envi- ronments II: Reconstructing the climate of Europe in the Last Glaciation, in T Van Andel & W Davies (eds), Neanderthals and Modern Humans in the European Landscape during the Last Glaciation. Cambridge: McDonald Institute Monographs, 57–78

Barton, N, 1999 The Late glacial or Late and Final Upper Palaeolithic colonization of Britain, in J Hunter & I Ralston (eds), The Archaeology of Britain. London: Routledge, 13–34

Barton, R N E, Berridge, P J, Walker, M J C & Bevins, R E, 1995 Persistent places in the Mesolithic landscape: An example from the Black Mountain uplands of South Wales, Proc Prehist Soc 61, 81–116

Barton, R N E & Roberts, A, 2004 The Mesolithic Period in England: Current perspectives and new research, in A Saville (ed), Mesolithic Scotland and its Neighbours: The Early Holocene Prehistory of Scotland, its British and Irish Context and some Northern European Perspectives Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 339–58

Basch, L, 1976 One Aspect of the Problems Which Arise from the Interpretation of Representations of Ancient Ships, Mariner’s Mirror 62(3), 231–3, 355

Basch, L, 1982 Some Observations on the Interpretation of Representations of Ancient Ships: Parts I and II, Mariner’s Mirror 68(3–4), 274–7, 353–5

Basch, L, 1987 The Interpretation of Ship Representations in Profile, Mariner’s Mirror 73(2), 198–200

Bately, J, 2007 Ohthere and Wulfstan in the Old  English

Orosius, in Bately & Englert (eds) 2007, 18–40 Bately,  J  &  Englert, A (eds),  2007  Ohthere’s  Voyages A late 9th century account of voyages along the coasts of Norway and Denmark and its cultural context. Roskilde: Maritime Cultures of the North 1

Bateman, N & A Locker, 1982 The sauce of the Thames, London Archaeologist 4(8), 204–7

Bates, M R, 1998 Locating and evaluating archaeology below the alluvium: the role of sub-surface strati- graphical modeling, Lithics 19, 4–18

Bates, M R, 2000 Problems and procedures in the creation of an integrated stratigraphic database for the lower Thames region: a geoarchaeological contribution, in A & J Sidell (eds), Fieldtrip Guide Nook IGCP Project 437: Coastal environmental change during Sea-Level highstands, Lower Thames

Bates, M R, 2003 Visualising the sub-surface: problems and procedures for areas of deeply stratified sediments, in A J Howard, M G Macklin & D G Passmore (eds), Alluvial Archaeology in Europe. Lisse: Balkema Publishers, 277–89

Bates, M R & Bates, C R, 2000 Multidisciplinary approaches to the geoarchaeological evaluation of deeply stratified sedimentary sequences: examples from Pleistocene and Holocene deposits in southern England, United Kingdom, J Archaeol Sci 27, 845–58

Bates, M R,  Barham, A J,  Pine,  C A &  Williamson, V D, 2000 The use of borehole stratigraphic logs in archaeological evaluation strategies for deeply stratified alluvial areas, in S Roskams (ed), Interpreting Stratigraphy: Site evaluation, recording procedures and stratigraphic analysis. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports International Series 910, 49–69

Bates, M R, Keen, D H & Latridou, J-P, 2003 Pleistocene marine and periglacial deposits of the English Channel. J Quaternary Sci 18(3–4), 319–37

Bates, M R, Bates, C R & Whittaker, J E, 2007a Mixed method approaches to the investigation and mapping of buried Quaternary deposits: examples from Southern England, Archaeol Prospection 14, 104–29

Bates, C R, Dean, M, Lawrence, M, Robertson, P & Atallah, L, 2007b Innovative Approaches to Rapid Archaeological Site Surveying and Evaluation Final Report for English Heritage. Project Number 3837

Bates, M R, Bates, C R & Briant, R M, 2007c Bridging the gap: a terrestrial view of shallow marine sequences and the importance of the transition zone, J Archaeol Sci 34, 1537–51

Bates, R, Bates, M & Dix, J K, 2009 Transition Zone Mapping for Marine-Terrestrial Archaeological Continuity (Contiguous Palaeo-Landscape Reconstruction) ALSF Project 4632

Bates, M R, Briant, R M, Rhodes, E J,  Schwenninger,  J-L & Whittaker, J E (2010: in press) A new chrono- logical framework for Middle and Upper Pleistocene landscape evolution in the Sussex/Hampshire Coastal Corridor, UK, Proc Geol Assoc 121(4), 369–92. Available at j.pgeola.2010.02.004 [Accessed: 13/08/2012]

Bayliss, A & Woodman, P C, 2009 A new Bayesian chronology for Mesolithic occupation at Mount Sandel, Northern Ireland, Proc Prehist Soc 75, 101–23

Beattie-Edwards, M, 1999 The First Port of Southamp- ton: A study of the Roman maritime facilities on the Itchen River including discussion of the possible Roman crossing at Clausentum. University of Southampton: Unpublished MA dissertation

Bedwin, O, 1981 Excavations at Lancing Down, West Sussex 1980, Sussex Archaeol Coll 119, 37–56

Behre, K E, Menke, B & Streif, H, 1979 The Quaternary geological development of the German part of the North Sea, in E Oele, R T E Schuttenhelm & A J Wiggers (eds), The Quaternary History of the North Sea, Symposia Annum Quingentesimum Celebran- tis [Vol 2]. Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 85–113

Belchem, J, 2006 Liverpool 800: Culture, Character and History Liverpool: Liverpool University Press

Bell, M, 1977 Excavations at Bishopstone, Sussex Archaeol Coll 115

Bell, M, 1981 Seaweed as a prehistoric resource, in D Brothwell & G Dimbleby (eds), Environmental Aspects of Coasts and Islands. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports International Series 94, 117–26

Bell, M, 1990 Brean Down Excavations 1983–1987. London: English Heritage

Bell, M, 1997 Environmental archaeology in the coastal zone, in Fulford et al (eds) 1997, 56–73

Bell, M, 2001 Environmental archaeology in the Severn Estaury: progress and prospects, Archaeology in the Severn Estuary 11, 69–103

Bell, M, 2007 Prehistoric coastal communities: the Me olithic in western Britain, in J Sidell & F Haughey (eds), Neolithic Archaeology in the Intertidal Zone Oxford: Oxbow Books

Bell, M, Caseldine, A & Neumann, H, 2000 Prehistoric Intertidal Archaeology in the Welsh Severn Estuary. York: Council for British Archaeology Research Report 120

Bell, A, Gurney, D & Healey, N, 1999 Lincolnshire salterns: Excavations at Helpringham, Holbeach St Johns and Bicker Haven, E Anglian Archaeol 89

Bell, M, Manning, S & Nayling, N, 2009 Dating the Mesolithic of Western Britain: A test of some evolu- tionary assumptions, in P Crombé, M van Strydonck, J Sergant, M Boudin & M Bats (eds), Chronology and Evolution within the Mesolithic of North-West Europe Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 615–34

Bell, M & Walker, M J C, 2005 Late Quaternary environmental change: physical and human perspectives Harlow: Pearson Prentice Hall

Bellamy, P S & Milne, G, 2003 An archaeological evaluation of the medieval shipyard facilities at Small Hythe, Archaeologia Cantiana 123, 353–82

Bender, B, 2001 Landscapes-On-The-Move, J Social Archaeol 1, 75–89

Benjamin, D K & Tifrea, A, 2007 Learning by Dying: Combat Performance in the Age of Sail, J Economic Hist 67(4), 968–1000

Berggren, L, Hybel, N, & Landen, A (eds), 2002 Cogs, Cargoes and Commerce: Maritime Bulk Trade in Northern Europe, 1150–1400. Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies

BERR, 2009 Atlas of UK Marine Renewable Energy Resources Available online at

Bicho, N & Haws, J, 2008 At the land’s end: marine resources and the importance of fluctuations in the coastline in the prehistoric hunter-gatherer economy of Portugal, Quaternary Sci Rev 27(23–4), 2166–75

Biddle, M, 1976 Towns, in D M Wilson (ed), The Archaeology of Anglo-Saxon England. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 99–150

Bidwell, P, 2001 A Probable Roman Shipwreck on the Herd Sand at South Shields, Arbeia J 6–7, 1–21

Bill, J & Clausen, B, 1999 Maritime Topography and the Medieval Town Copenhagen: National Museum of Denmark Monograph 4

Bingeman, J M, 2010 The First HMS Invincible (1747–58): Her Excavations (1980–1991). Oxford: Oxbow Books

Bingeman, J & Mack, A, 1997 The Dating of Military Buttons: Second interim report based on artifacts recovered from the 18th century wreck Invincible between 1979 and 1990, Internat J Nautical Archaeol 26, 39–50

Bintanja, R and van de Wal, R S W, 2008 North American ice-sheet dynamics and the onset of the 100,000-year glacial cycles, Nature 454, 869–72

Birbeck, V, 2005 The Origins of Mid Saxon Southamp- ton: Excavations at the Friends Provident St Mary’s Stadium 1998–2000. Salisbury: Trust for Wessex Archaeology

Bird, J, 1992 Samian ware, in M Oliver, Excavation of  an Iron Age and Romano-British Settlement Site at Oakridge, Basingstoke, Hampshire 1965–66, Proc Hampshire Field Club Archaeol Soc 48, 55–94

Birkedahl, P & Johansen, E, 1995 The Sebbersund Boat Graves, in O Crumlin-Pedersen and B Munch Thye (eds), The Ship as Symbol in Prehistoric and Medieval Scandinavia. Copenhagen: National Museum Studies in Archaeology & History Vol 1, 160–4

Birley, E, 1957 Review, The Classical Review, New Series 7(2), 173–4

Birmingham, J, Bairstow, D & Wilson, A (eds), 1988 Archaeology and Colonisation Australia in the World Context The Australian Society for Historical Archaeology Inc

Bjerck, H B, 1995 The North Sea Continent and the pioneer settlement of Norway, in A Fischer (ed), Man and sea in the Mesolithic: Coastal settlement above and below present sea level. Oxford: Oxbow Books, 131–44

Bjerck, H B, 2008 Norwegian Mesolithic trends: A review, in Bailey & Spikins (eds) 2008, 60–106

Black, E W, 1995  Cursus  Publicus  The  Infrastructure of Government in Roman Britain. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports International Series 241

Blackmore, H, 1976 The Armouries of the Tower of London London: HMSO

Blair, J (ed), 2007 Waterways and canal-building in Medieval England Oxford: Oxford University Press

Blockley, S P E, Blockley, S M, Donahue, R M, Lane, C   S, Lowe, J J & Pollard, A M, 2006 The chronology of abrupt climate change and Late Upper Palaeolithic human adaptation in Europe, J Quaternary Sci 21(5), 575–84

Blue, L, Whitewright, J, Ransley, J & Palmer, C, forthcom- ing Traditional Craft in Context: The kattumarram of South Asia

Bogaers, J E, 1967 Einige opmerkingen over het Nede- landse gedeelte van de limes van Germania Inferior, Germania Secunda 17, 99–114

Bogaers, J E, 1971 Nehalennia en de epigrafishe gegevans. Deae Nehalenniae Gids bij de tentoonstelling Neha- lennia de Zeeuwse godin, Zeeland in de Romeinse tijd, Romeinse monumentum uit de Oosterschelde, 33–43

Bogaers, JE & Gysseling, M, 1972 Over de naam van de godin Nehalennia, Naamkunde 4(3.4), 221–30

Boismier, W A, 2003 A Middle Palaeolithic site at Lynford Quarry, Mundford, Norfolk: Interim Statement, Proc Prehist Soc 69, 315–24

Bonsall, C, 1981 The coastal factor in the Mesolithic set- tlement of north-west England, in B Gramsch (ed), Mesolithikum in Europa Berlin: Deutscher Verlag der Wissenschaften, 451–72

Boomer, I, Waddington, C Stevenson, T & Hamilton, D, 2007 Holocene coastal change and geoarchaeology at Howick, Northumberland, UK, The Holocene 17(1), 89–104

Boon, G C, 1977a The Porth Felen anchor-stock, Internat J Nautical Archaeol 6(3), 239–42

Boon, G C, 1977b A Greco-Roman anchor-stock from North Wales, Antiq J 57, 10–30

Bouguer, P, 1746 Traité du navire, de sa construction, et de ses mouvemens Paris: Jombert

Bowen, D Q, Phillips, F M, McCabe, A M, Knutz, P C & Sykes, G A, 2002a New data for the Last Glacial Maximum in Great Britain and Ireland, Quaternary Sci Rev 21, 89–101

Bowen, H V, Lincoln, M & Rigby, N, 2002b The Worlds of the East India Company Woodbridge: Boydell

Bowens A (ed), 2009 Underwater Archaeology: The NAS guide to principles and practice Oxford: Oxbow Books

Bournemouth University, 2009 Refining Areas of Maritime Archaeological Potential (AMAPs) for Shipwrecks [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor] (doi:10.5284/1000171)

Bradley, R, 1975 Salt and settlement in the Hampshire/ Sussex borderland, in de Brisay & Evans (eds) 1975, 20–5

Bradley, R, 1984 The Social Foundations of Prehistoric Britain: Themes and Variations in the Archaeology of Power London & New York: Longman

Bradley, R, 1990 The Passage of Arms: An Archaeological Analysis of Prehistoric Hoards and Votive Deposits. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Bradley, R, 1992 Roman  salt  production  in  Chiches-  ter Harbour. Rescue excavations at Chidham, West Sussex, Britannia 23, 27–44

Bradley, R, 1998 The Significance of Monuments: On the Shaping of Human Experience in the Neolithic and Bronze Age London: Routledge

Bradley, R, 2002 An Archaeology of Natural Places. London and New York: Routledge

Bradley, R, 2006 Danish razors and Swedish rocks: Cosmology and the Bronze Age landscape, Antiquity 80, 372–89

Bradley, R, 2007 The Prehistory of Britain and Ireland Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Bradley, R, forthcoming Solent Thames Research Assessment – the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age

Bradley, R & Edmonds, M, 1993 Interpreting the Axe trade: Production and exchange in Neolithic Britain Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Bradley, R & Edmonds, M, 1995 Bergljot Solberg: Interpret- ing axe trade, production and exchange in Neolithic Britain, Norwegian Archaeol Rev 28(2), 147–8

Bradley, R & Gordon, K, 1988 Human skulls from the River Thames, their dating and significance, Antiquity 62, 503–9

Bradwell, T, Stoker, M S, Golledge, N R, Wilson, C K, Merritt, J W, Long, D, Everest, J D, Hestvik, O B, Stevenson, A G, Hubbard, A L, Finlayson, A G & Mathers, H E, 2008 The northern sector of the last British Ice Sheet: Maximum extent and demise, Earth-Science Rev 88(3–4), 207–26

Brandon, P, 1974 The Sussex Landscape London: Hodder & Staughton

Brennand, M (ed), 2007 Research and Archaeology in North West England. An Archaeological Research Framework for North West England: Volume 2: Research Agenda and Strategy, Archaeol North West 9

Brennand, M & Taylor, M, 2003 The survey and excavation of a Bronze Age timber circle at Holme-next-the-Sea, Norfolk, 1998–99, Proc Prehist Soc 69, 1–84

Brewster, T C M, 1963 The Excavation of Staple Howe, Malton: East Riding Archaeological Research Committee

Bridgland, D R, 2002 Fluvial deposition on periodically emergent shelves in the Quaternary: example records from the shelf around Britain, Quaternary Internat 92, 25–34

Bridgland, D R, Field, H, Holmes, J A, McNabb, J, Preece, R C, Selby, I, Wymer, J J, Boreham, S, Irving, B G Parfitt, S A & Stuart, A J, 1999 Middle Pleistocene interglacial Thames-Medway deposits at Clacton-on- Sea, England: Reconsideration of the type Clactonian Palaeolithic industry, Quaternary Sci Rev 18, 109–46 Brigham, T [with Woodger, A], 2001 Roman and Medieval townhouses on the London Waterfront: Excavations at Governor’s House, City of London London: MoLAS Monograph 9

Brodie, A & Winter, G, 2007 England’s Seaside Resorts Swindon: English Heritage

Broeze, F, 2002 The globalisation of the Oceans: Contain- erisation from the 1950s to the present St John’s, Nfld: International Maritime Economic History Association

Brooks, A J, Bradley, S L, Edwards, R J, Milne, G A, Horton, B & Shennan, I, 2008 Postglacial relative sea-level observations from Ireland and their role in glacial rebound modeling, J Quaternary Sci 23(2), 175–92

Brooks, A J, Bradley, S L, Edwards, R J & Goodwyn, N, 2011 The palaeogeography of Northwest Europe during the last 20,000 years, J Maps 7(1), 573–87

Brooks, C E P & Glasspole, J, 1928 British Floods and Droughts London: Benn

Brooks, N, 1988 Romney Marsh in the Early Middle Ages, in Eddison & Green (eds) 1988, 90–104

Brookes, S, 2003 The Early Anglo-Saxon Framework for Middle Anglo-Saxon Economics: the case of East Kent, in Pestell & Ulmschneider (eds) 2003, 84–96

Brookes, S, 2007a Economics and Social Change in Anglo- Saxon Kent AD 400–900: Landscapes, Communities and Exchange. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports British Series 431

Brookes, S, 2007b Boat-rivets in graves in pre-Viking Kent: reassessing Anglo-Saxon boat-burial traditions, Medieval Archaeol 51, 1–18

Brown, A, 1999 The Rows of Chester. London: English Heritage

Brown, A D, 2005 Wetlands and Drylands in Prehis- tory: Mesolithic to Bronze Age human activity and impact in the Severn Estuary in south-west Britain. Department of Archaeology, University of Reading: Unpublished PhD Thesis

Brown, D H, 2002 Pottery in Medieval Southampton c 1066–1510. York: Southampton Archaeology Mono- graphs 8/Council for British Archaeology Research Report 133

Brown, L D & Heron, C, 2004 Exploring links: preliminary investigations into marine resources and ceramics from Old Scatness, Shetland, in R A Housley & G M Coles (eds), Atlantic Connections and Adaptations: Economies, environments and subsistence in lands bordering the North Atlantic. Oxford: Oxbow Books, 146–54

Buchli, V & Lucas, G, 2001 Models of Production and Con- sumption, in V Buchli & G Lucas (eds), Archaeologies of the Contemporary Past London: Routledge, 21–5

Buglass, J & Brigham, T, 2007 Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment Yorkshire and Lincolnshire, Gibraltar Point to Sutton Bridge English Heritage Project 3729

Burke, H, 1999 Meaning and Ideology in Historical Archaeology Style, Social Identity and  Capitalism  in an Australian Town London: Klewer Academic/ Plenum Press

Burleigh, R, 1978 Radiocarbon dating, in Fenwick (ed) 1978a, 105–10

Burnham, B C & Wacher, J, 1990 The Small Towns of Roman Britain London: Batsford

Burrin, P J, 1988 The Holocene floodplain and alluvial deposits of the Rother valley and their bearing on the evolution of Romney Marsh, in Eddison & Green (eds) 1988

Burwash, D, 1947 English Merchant Shipping 1460–1540. Toronto: Toronto University Press

Butcher, D, 1979 The Driftermen: Life in the tough days of Britain’s vanished herring fleet, recalled by the men who manned them Reading: Tops’l Books, 13–14

Butcher, D, 2000 The Herring Fisheries in the Early Modern Period: Lowestoft as Microcosm, in Starkey et al (eds) 2000

Butler, J J, 1963 Bronze Age Connections across the North Sea A Study in Prehistoric Trade and Industrial Relations between the British Isles, the Netherlands, North Germany and Scandinavia, c 1700–700 BC London: J B Wolters

Buxton, R, 1994 Imaginary Greece The Contexts of Mythology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Calkin, J B, 1953 Kimmeridge coal money and the Romano-British shale armlet industry, Proc Dorset Natural Hist and Archaeol Soc 75, 45–71

Calkin, J B, 1965 Some Early Iron Age sites in the Bourne- mouth area, Proc Dorset Natural Hist and Archaeol Soc, 86

Callaghan, R & Scarre, C, 2009 Simulating the western seaways, Oxford J Archaeol 28(4), 357–72

Cameron, T D, Crosby, A, Balson, P S, Jeffery, D H, Lott, G K, Bulat, J & Harrison, D J, 1992 The Geology of the Southern North Sea London: Her Majesty’s Station- ary Office for the British Geological Survey

Campbell, E, 2001 Were the Scots Irish?, Antiquity 75, 285–92

Campbell, J, 1995 The United Kingdom of England: The Anglo-Saxon Achievement, in A Grant & K Stringer (eds), Uniting the Kingdom? The Making of British History London: Routledge, 31–47

Campbell, J, 2002 Domesday Herrings, in C Harper-Bill, C Rawcliffe & R G Wilson (eds), East Anglia’s History: Studies in Honour of Norman Scarfe Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 1–20

Cantor, L, 1982 The English Medieval Landscape. London: Helm

Carlson, D N, 2007 Mast-step Coins amongst the Romans, Internat J Nautical Archaeol 36(2), 317–24

Carr, S J, Holmes, R, Van der Meer, J J M & Rose, J, 2006 The Last Glacial Maximum in the North Sea Basin: micromorphological evidence of extensive glaciation, J Quaternary Sci 21(2), 131–53

Carroll, L, 1999 Communities and Other Social Actors: Rethinking commodities and consumption in global historical archaeology, Internat J Hist Archaeol 3, 131–6

Carswell, J, 1985 Blue and White Chinese Porcelain and its Impact on the Western World Chicago: Congress Printing Co

Carter, C, 1998 The Port of Penzance: A History Lydney: Black Dwarf Publications

Cartledge, J & Grimbly, C, 1999 The bird bones, in Parker Pearson & Sharples 1999, 282–8

Carus-Wilson, E M & Coleman, O, 1963 England’s Export Trade 1275–1547. Oxford: Clarendon Press

Carver, M, 1990 Pre-Viking traffic in the North Sea, in McGrail (ed) 1990b, 117–25

Carver, M, 1995a On and off the Edda, in O Olsen, J S Madsen & F Riek (eds), Ship-shape Essays for Ole Crumlin-Pedersen. Roskilde: Viking Ship Museum, 305–12

Carver, M, 1995b Ship burial in early Britain: ancient custom or political signal? in O Crumlin-Pedersen   & B Munch Thye (eds), The Ship as Symbol in Pre- historic and Medieval Scandinavia. Copenhagen: Nationalmuseet, 111–24

Carver, M, 2005 Sutton Hoo A Seventh-century Princely Burial Ground and its Context. London: British Museum Press

Carver, M, 2009 Early Scottish Monasteries and Prehis- tory: A preliminary dialogue, Scottish Hist Rev 88, 332–51

Carver, M, 2011 What were they thinking? Intellectual territories in England, in H Hamerow and D Hinton (eds), A Handbook of Anglo-Saxon Archaeology. Oxford, 914–50

Case, H, 1969 Neolithic explanations, Antiquity 43, 176–86

Casey, P J, 1994 Carusius and Allectus: The British Usurpers London: BT Batsford Ltd

Catney, S & Start, D, 2003 Time and Tide: The Archae- ology of the Witham Valley. Heckington: The Witham Valley Archaeology Research Committee

Cederlund, C O, 1990 The Oskarshamn Cog. Part 1,

Internat J Nautical Archaeol 19(3), 193–206

Cerón-Carrasco, R, 1998 Fishing: Evidence for Season- ality and Processing of Fish for Preservation in the Northern Isles of Scotland During the Iron Age and Norse Times, Environmental Archaeol 3

Cesarini, D, 2002 Port Jews: Jewish communities in cosmo- politan maritime trading centres, 1550–1950 London: Frank Cass

Challis K, 2004 Trent Valley GeoArchaeology 2002 Component 2b: LiDAR Terrain Modelling. York: York Archaeological Trust

Champion, T, 1995 Introduction, in T Champion (ed), Centre and Periphery Comparative Studies in Archae- ology London: Routledge, 1–21

Chandavarkar, E, 2003 The Origins of Industrial Capi- talism in India: Business Strategies and the Working Classes in Bombay 1900–1940 Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Chant, K, 1986 The History of Dunwich. Dunwich Chapman, H P & Chapman, P R, 2005 Seascapes and Landscapes. The siting of the Ferriby Boat finds in the context of Prehistoric pilotage, Internat J Nautical Archaeol 34(1), 43–50

Chapman, H & Gearey, B, 2004 The social context of seafaring in the Bronze Age revisited, World Archaeol 36(4), 452–8

Chapman, H & Gearey, B, 2009 Understanding ‘hidden’ landscapes, The Archaeologist 71, 20–1

Chappell, J, 2002 Sea level changes forced ice breakouts in the Last Glacial cycle: new results from coral terraces, Quaternary Sci Rev 22, 1229–40

Chatterton, R, 2006 Ritual, in C Conneller & G Warren (eds), Mesolithic Britain and Ireland: New Approaches Stroud: Tempus, 101–20

Chaudhuri, K, 1978 The Trading World of Asia and the English East India Company Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Childe, V G, 1946 Scotland before the Scots London: Methuen

Childs, W R, 1981 England’s Iron Trade in the 15th Century, Economic Hist Rev 34, 25–47

Childs, W R, 1986 The Customs Accounts of Hull 1453– 1490. Leeds: Yorkshire Archaeological Society Record Series 144

Childs, W R, 2002 Timber for Cloth: changing Commodi- ties in Anglo-Baltic Trade in the 14th century, in Berggren et al 2002, 181–211

Chowne, P, in prep Prehistoric Lincolnshire

Chowne, P, Cleal, R M J, & Fitzpatrick, A P [with Andrews, P], 2001 Excavations at Billingborough, Lincolnshire, 1975–8: a Bronze-Iron Age Settlement and Salt- working Site, E Anglian Archaeol 94

Chowne, P, Girling, M & Greig, J, 1986 Excavations at an Iron Age defended enclosure at Tattershall Thorpe, Lincolnshire, Proc Prehist Soc 52, 159–88

Christensen, A E (ed), 1996 The Earliest Ships. London: National Maritime Museum

Clapham, A, 1999 The Characterisation of Two mid- Holocene Submerged Forests. Liverpool John Moores University: Unpublished PhD Thesis

Clark, C E, Gibbard, P L & Rose, J, 2004 Glacial limits  in the British Isles, in J Ehlers & P L Gibbard (eds), Quaternary Glaciations – Extent and Chronology, Part I: Europe. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 47–82

Clark, J G D, 1936 The Mesolithic Settlement of Northern Europe Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Clark, J G D, 1954 Excavations at Star Carr Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Clark, J G D, 1972 Star Carr: A Case Study in Bioarchae- ology London: Addison-Wesley

Clark, P (ed), 2002 The Dover Bronze Age Boat. Swindon: English Heritage

Clark, P (ed), 2004 The Dover Bronze Age Boat in Context: Society and Water Transport in Prehistoric Europe. Oxford: Oxbow Books

Clark, P U, Dyke, A S, Shakun, J D, Carlson, A E, Clark, J, Wohlfarth, B, Mitrovica, J X, Hostetler, S W & McCabe, A M 2009 The Last Glacial Maximum, Science 325, 710–14

Clark, P U & Huybers, P, 2009 Global change: Interglacial and future sea level, Nature 462 (7275), 856–7

Clarke, D, 1970 Beaker pottery of Great Britain and Ireland Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Clarke, D, 1976a Mesolithic Europe: the economic basis, in G D G Sieveking, I H Longworth & K E Wilson (ed), Problems in Economic and Social Archaeology London: Duckworth, 449–81

Clarke, D, 1976b The Beaker network – social and economic models, in J N Lanting & J D Van der Waals (eds), Glockenbecher Symposion Oberreid 1974 Haarlem: Fibula-Van Dishoeck, 459–77

Clarke, D V, Cowie, T G, Foxon, A &  Barrett,  J  C, 1985 Symbols of Power at the Time of Stonehenge Glasgow: National Museum of Antiquities of Scotland

Clarke, H, 2005 Introducing the Sandwich Project, Soc Medieval Archaeol Newsletter 33, 6–8

Clarke, H, 2012 The Liberty of Sandwich, Kent, c 1300 and its implications for earlier topography, in A J Reynolds & L Webster (eds), Early Medieval Art and Archaeology in the Northern World: Studies for James Graham-Campbell. Leiden: Brill

Clarke, H, Pearson, S, Mate, M & Parfitt, K, 2010 Sandwich: The ‘completest medieval town in England’ A study of the town and port from its origins to 1600 Oxford: Oxbow Books

Clarke, R H, 1970 Quaternary sediments off southeast Devon, Quarterly J Geolog Soc London 125, 277–318 Cleyet-Merle, J-J & Madeleine, S, 1995 Inland evidence of human sea coast exploitation in Palaeolithic France, in A Fischer (ed), Man and Sea in the Mesolithic. Oxford: Oxbow Books, 303–8

Clothier, N, 1987 Black Valour: The South African Native Labour Contingent, 1916–1918, and the sinking of the Mendi Pietermaritzburg: University of Natal Press

Clough, T H & Cummins, W A, 1979 Stone Axe Studies: Archaeological, petrological, experimental and eth- nographic. York: Council for British Archaeology Research Report 23, 1–137

Coad, J G, 1989 The Royal Dockyards 1690–1850: Archi- tecture and Engineering Works of the Sailing Navy Aldershot: Scholar/RCHME

Coates, J, 2005 The Bronze Age Ferriby Boats: Seagoing Ships or Estuary Ferry Boats?, Internat J Nautical Archaeol 34(1), 38–42

Coates, P, 1998 Nature: Western Attitudes since Ancient Times. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Cobb, H L, 2007a Mutable materials and the production of persons: reconfiguring understandings of identity in the Mesolithic of the northern Irish Sea basin, J Iberian Archaeol 9/10, 123–36

Cobb, H L, 2007b Media for movement and making the world: exploring materials and identity in the Mes- olithic of the Northern Irish Sea Basin, Internet Archaeol 22. Available at: issue22/cobb_toc.html

Cobb, H L, 2008 Media for Movement and Making the World: An examination of the Mesolithic experience of the world and the Mesolithic to Neolithic transi- tion in the Northern Irish Sea Basin. School of Arts, Histories and Cultures, University of Manchester: Unpublished PhD Thesis

Cobb, H L, 2009a Being-in-the-(Mesolithic) world: place, substance and person in the Mesolithic of Western Scotland, in S McCartan, R Schulting, G Warren & P Woodman (eds), Papers Presented at the 7th Interna- tional Conference in the Mesolithic in Europe (Belfast 2005). Oxford: Oxbow Books

Cobb, H L, 2009b Tasks, Transformations, and Transitions: the transition from hunting and gathering to farming in the northern Irish Sea basin, in H Glorstad & C Prescott (eds), Neolithisation as if History Mattered Lindome: Bricoleur Press, 65–84

Cobb, H S (ed), 1961 Southampton Port Books, 1439–40 Southampton: Southampton Record Series

Cohen, K M, MacDonald, K, Joordens, J C A, Roebroeks, W & Gibbard, P, 2012 The earliest occupation of north-west Europe: a coastal perspective, Quaternary Internat 271, 70–83

Cohen, N, 2003 Boundaries and Settlement: The Role of the River Thames, Anglo-Saxon Studies in Archaeol and Hist 12, 9–20

Cohen, N, 2008 Churches in a Maritime Landscape: an examination of ecclesiastical activity on the Romney Marsh, Romney Marsh Irregular 31, 5–19

Coles, B J, 1990 Anthropomorphic wooden figurines from Britain and Ireland, Proc Prehist Soc 56, 315–34

Coles, B J, 1998 Doggerland: a Speculative Survey, Proc Prehist Soc 64, 45–81

Coles, B J, 1999a Doggerland’s loss and the Neolithic, in B Coles, J Coles & M Shou-Jorgensen (eds), Bodies, Sacred Sites and Wetland Archaeology Exeter: Wetland Archaeology Research Project Occasional Paper 12, 51–7

Coles, B J (ed), 1999b Bog Bodies, Sacred Sites & Wetland Archaeology Proceedings of a Conference held by WARP and the National Museum of Denmark in con- junction with Silkeborg Museum, Jutland, September 1996 Exeter: Wetland Archaeology Research Project

Coles, B J, 2000  Doggerland: the  cultural  dynamics  of a shifting coastline, in K Pye & J R L Allen (eds), Coastal and Estuarine Environments: Sedimentology, Geomorphology and Geoarchaeology London: Geolog- ical Society Special Publication 175, 393–401

Coles, B P L & Funnell, B M, 1981 Holocene palaeoenviron- ments of Broadland, England, Special Publications of the International Association of Sedimentologists (1981), 123–31

Coles, J, 1971 The early settlement of Scotland, Proc Prehist Soc 37, 284–366

Coles, J & Coles, B, 1986 Sweet Track to Glastonbury: the Somerset Levels in prehistory. London: Thames and Hudson

Coles, J & Hall, D, 1998 Changing Landscapes: The Ancient Fenland Cambridge: Cambridge County Council/ Wetland Archaeology Research Project Occa- sional Paper 13

Coles, J & Minnitt, S, 1995 Industrious and Fairly Civilised: The Glastonbury Lake Village Exeter: Somerset Levels Project/Somerset County Council Museum Services

College, J, 1977 The Naval MFVs of World War Two Ship Society, 1–34

Colley, L, 1996 Britons Forging the Nation 1707–1837 London: Vintage

Colley, L, 2002 Captives: Britain, Empire and the World, 1600–1850 London: Johnathan Cape

Collier, S, 1991 Whitehaven 1600–1800: A New Town of the Late Seventeenth Century A Study of its Buildings and Urban Development London: HMSO/RCHME

Comfort, N, 1994 The Lost City of Dunwich Lavenham: Terence Dalton

Conkey, M, 2006 Style, Design and Function, in C Tilley, W Keane, S Kuchler, M Rowlands & P Spyer (eds), The Handbook of Material Culture London: SAGE Publications, 355–72

Conneller, C, Milner, N, Schadla-Hall, T & Taylor, B, 2009 Star Carr in the New Millennium, in N Finlay, S McCartan, N Milner & C J Wickham-Jones (eds), From Bann Flakes to Bushmills; papers in honour of Professor Peter Woodman. Oxford: Oxbow, Prehistoric Society Research Paper 1, 78–88

Conneller, C, Milner, N & Taylor, B, 2010 New Finds at Star Carr, British Academy Rev 16, 30–1

Conway, S, 2000 The British Isles and the War of American Independence Oxford: Oxford University Press

Cook, N C, 1971 An iron anchor, probably Roman, from Blackfriars, Antiq J 51, 318

Cool, H, 2006 Eating and Drinking in Roman Britain

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Coope, G R, 2006 Insect faunas associated with palaeo- lithic industries from five sites of pre-Anglian age in central England, Quaternary Sci Rev 25, 1738–54

Coope, G R, Lemdahl, G, Lowe, J J & Walking, A, 1998 Temperature gradients in northern Europe during the last glacial-Holocene transition (14-9 14C kyr BP) interpreted from coleopteran assemblages, J Quater- nary Sci 13(5), 419–33

Cope-Faulkner, P, 2012 Clampgate Road, Fishtoft Archaeology of a Middle Saxon Island Settlement in the Lincolnshire Fens. Sleaford: Lincolnshire Archaeol- ogy and Heritage Reports Series 10

Corlett, E, 1990 The Iron Ship: The story of Brunel’s SS Great Britain London: Conway Maritime

Corney, M, 2002 The Roman Villa at Bradford on Avon The Investigations of 2002 Bradford on Avon: Ex Libris Press

Cotterill, J, 1993 Saxon Raiding and the Role of  the  Late Roman Coastal Forts of Britain, Britannia 24, 227–39

Cotton, M A, 1959 Cornish cliff castles, Proc West Cornwall Field Club 2, 113–21

Council for British Archaeology (CBA), 2005 Defence of Britain Project Available at http://www.britarch.

Coupland, S, 2002 Trading Places: Quentovic and Dorestad Reassessed. Early Medieval Europe 11, 209–32

Cowell, R W & Innes, J B, 1994 The Wetlands of Mersey- side Lancaster: Lancaster University Archaeology Unit

Cowie, R & Blackmore, L, 2008 Early and Middle Saxon Rural Settlement in the London Region. London: Museum of London Archaeology Service

Coy, J, 1984 The bird bones, in B Cunliffe (ed), Danebury: An Iron Age Hillfort in Hampshire. York: Council for British Archaeology Research Report 52, 527–31

Cracknell, B E, 2005 Outrageous Waves: Global Warming and Coastal Change in Britain through Two Thousand Years Chichester: Phillimore

Craddock, P T & Hook, D R, 1987 Ingots from the sea: The British Museum collection of ingots, Internat J Nautical Archaeol 16(3), 201–6

Cramp, R, 1967 Anglian and Viking York London: St Anthony’s Press

Crawford, A, 1992 The Howard Household Books: 1462–71 and 1481–83. London: Richard III and Yorkist History Trust

Crawford, O G S, 1912 The distribution of Early Bronze Age settlements in Britain, Geographical J 40, 183–204

Crawford, O S G, 1936 Western seaways, in L H D Buxton (ed), Custom is King Essays presented to R R Marett on his seventieth birthday London

Credland, A, 1995 The Hull Whaling Trade: An Arctic Enterprise. Beverley: Hutton Press Ltd

Creighton, J D, 2000 Coins and Power in Late Iron Age Britain. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press Creighton, J D & Willis, SH, forthcoming Excavations and survey at Redcliff-North Ferriby, East Yorkshire

Crombé, P (ed), 2005 The Last Hunter-Gatherer-Fishermen in Sandy Flanders (NW Belgium). Ghent: Ghent Uni- versity Archaeological Reports 3

Crossley, D, 1990 Post-Medieval Archaeology in Britain London: Leicester University Press

Crowson, A, Lane, T, & Reeve, J, 2000 Fenland Management Project Excavations 1991–1995, Lincolnshire Archaeology and Heritage Reports Series 3. Hecking- ton: Heritage Lincolnshire

Crowson, A, Lane, T, Penn, K &Trimble, D (eds), 2005 Anglo-Saxon Settlement on the Siltland of Eastern England. Sleaford: Lincolnshire Archaeology and Heritage Reports Series 7

Crowther, D, Willis, S & Creighton, J, 1990 The topography and archaeology of Redcliff, in S Ellis & D Crowther (eds), Humber Perspectives A Region through the Ages Hull: University of Hull, 172–81

Crowther, S & Dickson, A, 2008 Severn Estuary Rapid Coastal Zone Survey English Heritage National Mapping Programme, HEEP Project no 3885. Available at: publications/severn-estuary-rczas-nmp/) [Accessed: 13/08/2012]

Crumlin-Pedersen, O, 1986 Aspects of Wood Technology in Medieval Shipbuilding, in Crumlin-Pedersen & Vinner (eds) 1986, 138–49

Crumlin-Pedersen, O, 1989 Wood Technology and Forest Resources in the Light of Medieval Ship-finds’, in C Villain-Gandossi et al (eds), Medieval Ships and the Birth of Technological Societies Volume 1: Northern Europe. Malta: Foundation for International Studies, 26–42

Crumlin-Pedersen, O (ed), 1991a Aspects of Maritime Scandinavia AD 200–1200 Proceedings of the Nordic Seminar on Maritime Aspects of Archaeology, 13th– 15th March 1989 Roskilde: Viking Ship Museum

Crumlin-Pedersen, O, 1991b Ship Types and Sizes AD 800–1400, in Crumlin-Pedersen (ed) 1991a, 69–82 Crumlin-Pedersen, O (ed) 1995 The Ship as Symbol in Prehistoric and Medieval Scandinavia Copenhagen: National Museum Studies in Archaeology and History 1

Crumlin-Pedersen, O, 1997a Viking-Age Ships and Shipbuilding in Hedeby/Haithabu and Schleswig. Roskilde: Viking Ship Museum

Crumlin-Pedersen, O, 1997b Large and Small Warships of the North, in A N Jørgensen & B L Clausen (eds), Military Aspects of Scandinavian Society. Copenha- gen: Danish National Museum, 184–99

Crumlin-Pedersen, O, 2000 To be or not to be a cog: the Bremen cog in perspective, Internat J Nautical Archaeol 29(2), 230–46

Crumlin-Pedersen, O, 2006 Experimental archaeology and ships – principles, problems and examples, in L Blue, F Hocker & A Englert (eds), Connected by the Sea Proceedings of the Tenth International Symposium on Boat and Ship Archaeology, Roskilde 2003 Oxford: Oxbow Books, 1–7

Crumlin-Pedersen, O, 2010  Archaeology  and  the  Sea  in Scandinavia and Britain: A personal account. Roskilde: Rhind Lectures for 2008

Crumlin-Pedersen, O & Trakadas, A (eds), 2003 Hjort- spring A Pre-Roman Iron-Age Warship in Context Roskilde: Viking Ship Museum

Crumlin-Pedersen, O & Vinner, M (eds), 1986 Sailing Into the Past, Proceedings of the International Seminar on Replicas of Ancient and Medieval Vessels. Roskilde: Viking Ship Museum

Cudahy, B J 1996 Box Boats: How container ships changed the world New York: Fordham University Press Cummings, V, 2000 Myth, memory and metaphor: the significance of place, space and the landscape in Mesolithic Pembrokeshire, in R Young (ed), Meso- lithic Lifeways:  Current  Research  from  Britain and Ireland Leicester: Leicester University Press, 87–95

Cummings, V, 2003 The Origins of Monumentality? Mesolithic world-views of the landscape in western Britain, in L Larsson, H Kindgren, K Knutsson, D Loefflen & A Akerlund (eds), Mesolithic on the Move Papers presented at the 6th International Conference in the Mesolithic in Europe, Stockholm, 2000. Oxford: Oxbow Books, 74–81

Cummings, V, 2009 A View from the West: The Neolithic of the Irish Sea Zone Oxford: Oxbow Books

Cunliffe, B W 1975 Excavations at Portchester Castle Volume 1: Roman Reports of the Roman Research Committee of the Society of Antiquaries of London 32. London: Society of Antiquaries

Cunliffe, B W, 1976 Excavations at Portchester Castle Volume 2. London: Society of Antiquaries of London

Cunliffe, B W, 1984 Relations between Britain and Gaul in the first century BC and early first century AD, in S Macready & F H Thompson (eds), Cross-Channel Trade between Gaul and Britain in the Pre-Roman Iron Age London: Society of Antiquaries Occasional Paper 4

Cunliffe, B W, 1987 Hengistbury Head,  Dorset  Vol  1:  The Prehistoric and Roman Settlement, 3500 BC to AD 500. Oxford: Oxford University Committee for Archaeology

Cunliffe, B W, 1988 Mount Batten, Plymouth A Prehis- toric and Roman Port. Oxford: Oxford University Committee for Archaeology Monograph 26

Cunliffe, B W, 1991a Iron Age Communities in Britain London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd

Cunliffe, B W, 1991b Maritime traffic between the Continent and Britain, in S Moscati (ed), The Celts. London: Thames & Hudson, 573–8

Cunliffe, B W, 2000 Brittany and the Atlantic rim in the later first millennium BC, Oxford J Archaeol 19 (4), 367–86

Cunliffe, B W, 2001 Facing the Ocean: The Atlantic and its Peoples. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Cunliffe, B W, 2002 The Extraordinary Voyage of Pytheas the Greek. London: Penguin

Cunliffe, B W, 2005 Iron Age Communities in Britain. London: Routledge

Cunliffe, B W, 2008. Europe between the Oceans: Themes and Variations, 9000 BC–AD 1000. Princeton: Yale University Press

Cunliffe, B W, 2009 A race apart: insularity and connectiv- ity, Proc Prehist Soc 75, 55–99

Cunliffe, B W & de Jersey, P, 1997 Armorica and Britain: Cross-Channel Relationships in the Late First Millennium BC. Oxford: Oxford University Committee for Archaeology

Cunliffe, B W & Hawkins, S, 1988 The shell midden deposits, in Cunliffe 1988, 35–8

Cunnington, E, 1884 On a hoard of bronze, iron and other objects found in Bulbury Camp, Dorset, Archaeologia 48, 115–20

Curtin, P D, 1984 Cross-cultural Trade in World History Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Curtis, B, 1986 Fleetwood: A Town is Born Lavenham: Terence Dalton

Curwen, E C, 1929 Excavations in The Trundle, Goodwood, 1928, Sussex Archaeol Coll 70, 33–85

Dalwood, H & Edwards, R, 2004 Excavations at Deansway, Worcester 1988–89: Romano-British Small Town to Late Medieval City York: Council for British Archae- ology Research Report 139

Daniel, P, 2009 Archaeological Excavations at Pode Hole Quarry: Bronze Age occupation on the Cambridge- shire Fen-edge. Oxford: Oxford British Archaeological Reports British Series 484

Darby, M C, 1983 The Changing Fenland. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Dark, K & Dark, P, 1997 The Landscapes of Roman Britain Sutton: Stroud

Dark, P, 2007 Plant communities and human activity in the Lower Submerged Forest and on Mesolithic occu- pation sites, in Bell (ed) 2007, 169–87

Darling, M J, 1993 Caister-on-Sea excavations by Charles Green, 1951–55 Dereham: Field Archaeology Division, Norfolk Museums Service

Darling, M J & Gurney, D, 1993 Caister-on-Sea. Excavations by Charles Green 1951–55, E Anglian Archaeol Rep 60

Darrah, R, 2007 Identifying the Architectural  Features of the Anglo-Saxon Buildings at Flixborough and understanding their structures, in Loveluck (ed) 2007, 51–65

Davies, G, 2010 Early Medieval ‘rural centres’ and West Norfolk: a growing picture of diversity, complexity and changing lifestyles, Medieval Archaeol 54, 89–122

Davies, N, 1999 The Isles: A History. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Davis, B, Brewer, S, Stevenson, A & Guiot, A, 2003 The temperature of Europe during the Holocene recon- structed from pollen data, Quaternary Sci Rev 22, 1701–16

Davis, D J, 1970 The Thames Sailing Barge: Her Gear and Rigging Newton Abbot: David & Charles

Davis, M, 2010 Re-conserving the Caergwrle Bowl National Museum of Wales: en/1479/ [Accessed 13/08/2012]

Davis, R, 1978 The Rise of the English Shipping Industry in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries London: MacMillan & Co Ltd

Davis, R A, Jr & Fitzgerald, D M, 2004 Beaches and Coasts Oxford: Blackwell Science

Davis, S, 1997 Material Culture Research of Canadian Historic Shipwrecks: The Machault Legacy, in Redknap (ed) 1997, 37–48

Dawson, P C & Levy, R, 2005 Using computer modelling and virtual reality to explore the ideological dimen- sions of Thule whalebone architecture in Arctic Canada, Internet Archaeol 18

Dawson, S & Wickham-Jones, C J, 2009 The Rising Tide: Submerged Landscape of Orkney: Annual Interim Report March 2009. Available at: http://www.abdn. eport%20Mar09.pdf [Accessed 13/08/2012]

De Bie, M & Vermeersch, P M, 1998 Pleistocene-Holocene transition in Benelux, Quaternary Internat 49/50, 29–43

de Boer, G, 1996 The History of Spurn Point, in S H Neave & S Ellis (ed) An Historical Atlas of East Yorkshire. Hull: Hull University Press, 8–9

de Brisay, K W & Evans, K A (eds), 1975 Salt: The Study of an Ancient Industry Colchester: Colchester Archaeological Group

de Lumley, H, 1966 Les fouilles  de  Terra  Amata  a Nice: premiers résultats, Bulletin de la Musée d’Anthropologie Préhistorique à Monaco 1, 29–51

de Weerd, M D, 1978 Ships of the Roman period at Zwammerdam/Nigrum Pullum, Germania Inferior, in J du Plat Taylor & H Cleere (eds), Roman Shipping and Trade: Britain and the Rhine Provinces Oxford: Council for British Archaeology Research Report 24, 15–21

de Weerd, M D, 1988 A Landlubber’s View of Shipbuilding Procedure in the Celtic Barges of Zwammerdam, The Netherlands, in O Lixa Filgueiras (ed), Local Boats: Fourth International Symposium on Boat and Ship Archaeology, Porto 1985. Oxford: British Archaeologi- cal Reports International Series 438(i), 35–52

Dean, M, 1984 Evidence for possible prehistoric and Roman wrecks in British waters, Internat J Nautical Archaeol 13(1), 78–9

Deith, M R, 1983 Molluscan calendars: the use of growth line analysis to establish seasonality of shellfish collection at the Mesolithic site of Morton, Fife, J Archaeol Sci 10, 423–40

Delgado, J (ed), 1997 Encyclopedia of Underwater and Maritime Archaeology London: British Museum Press

Delgado, J (ed), 1997 Encyclopedia of Underwater and Maritime Archaeology London: British Museum Press

Dellino-Musgrave, V, 2006 Maritime Archaeology and Social Relations: British Action in the Southern Hem- isphere New York: Springer Press

Dellino-Musgrave, V, Gupta, S & Russell, M, 2009 Marine Aggregates and Archaeology: a Golden Harvest?, Conservation and Management of Archaeol Sites 11(1), 29–42

Dencker, J & Dokkedal, L, 2004 Marinarkæologiske forundersøgelser   Ved   Amager   Strandpark   NMU j nr 2322 & Italiensvej NMU j nr  2323 Roskilde: Nationalmuseets Marinakaeologiske Undersogelser

Dent, J S, 1982 Cemeteries and settlement patterns of the Iron Age on the Yorkshire Wolds, Proc Prehist Soc 48, 437–57

Dent, J, Fletcher, W & Loveluck, C, 2000 The Early Medieval Site at Skerne, in Van de Noort & Ellis (eds) 2000, 217–42

Devoy, R J N, 1979 Flandrian sea-level changes and vegetational history of the Lower Thames Estuary, Philosoph Trans Royal Soc London, Series B 285, 355–407

Devoy, R J N, 1995 Deglaciation, earth crustal behaviour and sea-level changes in the determination of insu- larity: a perspective from Ireland, in R C Preece (ed), Island Britain: a Quaternary perspective. London: Geographical Society Special Publication 96, 181–208

Dickinson, B M & Hartley, K F, 1971 The evidence for potters’ stamps on samian ware and on mortaria for the trading connections of Roman York, in R M Butler (ed), Soldier and Civilian in Roman Yorkshire: Essays to Commemorate the Nineteenth Centenary of the Foundation of York Leicester: Leicester University Press

Diderot, D & D’Alembert, J (eds), 1751–72 L’Encyclopédie ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers [28 volumes]. Paris

Diekamp, W, 1881 Die Vitae Sancti Liudgeri, Geschichts- quellen des Bisthums Münster 4. Münster: Theissing Divers, D, 2002 The post-medieval waterfront devel- opment at Adlards Wharf, Bermondsey, London, Post-Medieval Archaeol 36, 39–117

Divers, D, 2004 Excavations at Deptford on the site of the East India Company dockyards and the Trinity House almshouses, Post-Med Archaeol 38(1), 17–132

Dix, J K & Sturt, F, 2011 The Relic Paleo-landscapes of the Thames Estuary London: MALSF/Crown Copyright

Dix, J K, Bastos, A, Plets, R M K, Bull, J M & Henstock, T, 2008a High Resolution Sonar for the Archaeological Investigation of Marine Aggregate Deposits Final Report for English Heritage. Project Number 3364

Dix, J K, Cazenave P W, Lambkin, D O, Rangecroft, T, Pater, C & Oxley, I, 2009a MACHU Final Report Sediment- Erosion Modelling as a tool for Underwater Cultural Heritage Management Amersfoort: European Union Culture 2000 Programme, 48–53

Dix, J K, Lambkin, D O & Cazenave, P W, 2008b Devel- opment of a Regional Sediment Mobility Model for Submerged Archaeological Sites English Heritage Aggregate Levy Sustainability Fund Project 5224 Final Report. Available at:

Dix, J K, Lambkin, D O, Thomas, M D & Cazenave, P W, 2007 Modelling Exclusion Zones for Marine Aggregate Dredging English Heritage Aggregate Levy Sustain- ability Fund Project 3365 Final Report. Available at:

Dix, J, Long, A & Cooke, R, 1998 The evolution of Rye Bay and Dungeness Foreland: The offshore seismic record, in Eddison et al 1998, 1–12

Dix, J K, Rangecroft, T, Lambkin, D O, Sullivan, R, Pater, C & Oxley, I, 2009b MACHU Final Report. Physical Modelling as a tool for Underwater Cultural Heritage Management. Amersfoort: European Union Culture 2000 Programme, 54–6

Dixon, N, 1994 Crannogs of Scotland: Underwater Archaeology Stroud: Tempus

Dixon, S, 2009 Beyond the Seas. Craft and Design Enquiry 1 Available at: [Accessed 13/08/2012]

Dobb, M, 1963 Economic Growth and Underdeveloped Countries London: Lawrence & Wishart

Dobbs, C T C & Bridge, M, 2000 Preliminary Results from Dendrochronological studies on the Mary Rose, in J Litwin (ed), Down the River to the Sea Proceed- ings of the Eighth International Symposium on Boat and Ship Archaeology, Gda sk 1997 Gdansk: Polish Maritime Museum, 257–62

Dobinson, C S, 1996 Twentieth Century Fortifications in England: Volumes II–XI York: Council for British Archaeology

Dobney, K & Ervynck, A, 2007 To fish or not to fish? Evidence for the possible avoidance of fish consump- tion, in C Haselgrove & T Moore (eds), The Later Iron Age in Britain and Beyond. Oxford: Oxbow Books, 403–18

Dobney, K, Jaques, S D, Barrett, J & Johnstone, C, 2007 Farmers, Monks and Aristocrats: The environmental archaeology of Anglo-Saxon Flixborough: Excavations at Flixborough Volume 3. Oxford: Oxbow Books

Doe, H, 2009a Enterprising Women and Shipping in the Nineteenth Century Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer

Doe, H, 2009b Waiting for her ship to come in? The female investor in nineteenth-century sailing vessels, Econ Hist Rev 63(1), 85–106

Doe, H, 2010 Travelling by Staying at Home: Women in Small Ports and their Overseas Connections in the Nineteenth Century, J Transport Hist 31

Dolan, B, 2005 An Analysis of the Surface Flint Assem- blage from Lambay Island, Co. Dublin. Dublin: School of Archaeology, University College Dublin. Unpub- lished MA thesis

Donnelly, J S, 2001 The Great Irish Potato Famine Thrupp: Sutton

Dorset Coast Forum, 2004 Rapid Coastal Zone Assess- ment. Available at:

Douglas, M & Isherwood, B, 1979 The World of Goods Towards an Anthropology of Consumption. London: Allen Lane Publishers

Dresser, M, 2001 Slavery Obscured: The Social  History of the Slave Trade in an English Provincial Port London: Continuum

Drury, P J, 1980 The early and middle phases of the Iron Age in Essex, in D G Buckley (ed), Archaeology in Essex to AD 1500. York: Council for British Archaeol- ogy Research Report 34, 47–54

Duckham, B F, 1967 The Yorkshire Ouse: The History of a River Navigation Newton Abbot: David & Charles

Duncan-Jones, R, 1974 The Economy of the Roman Empire: Quantative Studies Oxford: Oxford University Press

Dunning, G C, 1968 The Trade in Medieval Pottery around the North Sea, Rotterdam Papers: a Contribution to Medieval Archaeology, 35–58

Dutton, A, Bard, E, Antonioli, F, Esat, T M, Lambeck, K & McCulloch, M T, 2009 Phasing and amplitude of sea-level and climate change during the penultimate interglacial, Nature Geoscience 2, 355–9

Dyson, S (ed), 1985 Comparative Studies in the Archaeology of Colonialism Oxford: British Archaeological Reports International Series 233

Earle, P, 1998 Sailors: English Merchant Seamen, 1600– 1775 London: Methuen

Eddison, J (ed), 1995 Romney Marsh: The Debatable Ground Oxford: Oxford University Committee for Archaeology Monograph 41

Eddison, J, 2000 Romney Marsh: Survival on a Frontier Stroud: Tempus

Eddison, J & Draper, G, 1997 A landscape of medieval reclamation: Walland Marsh, Kent, Landscape Hist 19, 75–88

Eddison, J & Green, C (eds), 1988 Romney Marsh: Evolution, Occupation, Reclamation. Oxford: Oxford University Committee for Archaeology Monograph 24

Eddison, J, Gardiner, M & Long, A (eds), 1998 Romney Marsh: Environmental Change and Historic Occupa- tion in a Coastal Lowland. Oxford: Oxford University Committee for Archaeology Monograph 46

Edmonds, M, 1995 Stone Tools & Society: Working Stone in Neolithic and Bronze Age Britain London: Batsford

Edmonds, M, Johnston, R, La Trobe-Bateman, E, Roberts, J & Warren, G, 2009 Ynys Enlli: Shifting Horizons, in S McCartan, P C Woodman, E Schulting & G M Warren (eds), Mesolithic Horizons: Papers presented at the Seventh International Conference on the Mesolithic in Europe, Belfast 2005 Oxford: Oxbow Books, 385–91

Edwards, C J, Bollongino, R, Scheu, A, Chamberlain, A, Tresset, A, Vigne, J D, Baird, J F, Larson, G, Ho S Y W & Heupink, T H, 2007 Mitrochondrial DNA analysis shows a near eastern Neolithic origin for domestic cattle and no indication of domestication of European aurochs, Proc Royal Soc London 274 (Series B), 1377–86

Edwards, R J & Brooks, A J, 2008 The Island of Ireland: Drowning the Myth of an Irish Land-bridge? in J J Davenport, D P Sleeman & P C Woodman (eds), Mind the Gap: Postglacial Colonisation of Ireland Special Supplement to The Irish Naturalists’ Journal Dublin, 19–34

Edwards, R L, Beck, J W, Burr, G S, Donahue, D J, Chappell, J M A, Bloom, A L, Druffel, E R M & Taylor, F W, 1993 A large drop in atmospheric 14C/12C and reduced melting in the Younger Dryas, documented with 230Th ages of corals, Science 260, 962–8

Egan, G & Michael, R (eds), 1999 Old and New Worlds Oxford: Oxbow Books

Einarsson, L, 1997 Artefacts from the Kronan (1676): Categories, preservation and social structure, in Redknap (ed) 1997, 209–18

Ekman, S R, 1998 Middle Pleistocene pollen biostratig- raphy in the Central North Sea, Quaternary Sci Rev 17, 931–44

Elgee, H W & Elgee, F, 1949 An Early Bronze Age burial in a boat-shaped wooden coffin from north-east Yorkshire, Proc Prehist Soc 15, 89–96

Elkin, D, Argueso, A,  Bastida,  R,  Dellino-Musgrave, V & Grosso, M, 2007 HMS Swift: A British Sloop-of-War lost off Patagonia, southern Argentina (1770), Internat J Nautical Archaeol 36, 32–58

Ellertsson Csillag, S, 2009 Unlocking Pandora’s Box: Mas- culinities on board H.M.S. Pandora. University of Manchester: Unpublished MA Dissertation

Ellis, F, 1900 An ancient bronze figure from Aust, Trans Bristol and Glouc Archaeol Soc 23, 323–5

Ellmers, D, 1969 Keltischer Schiffbau. Mainz: Jahrbuch des Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseums 16, 73–122

Ellmers, D, 1978 Shipping on the Rhine during the Roman period: the pictorial evidence, in J du Plat Taylor & H Cleere (eds), Roman Shipping and Trade: Britain and the Rhine Provinces York: Council for British Archae- ology Research Report 24, 1–14

Ellmers, D, 2000 The Cog as Carrier, in R Gardiner and R W Unger (eds), Cogs, caravels and galleons: the sailing ship 1000–1650. Edison, NJ: Chartwell Books, 29–46

Elrington, C R & Herbert, N M, 1972 A History of the County of Gloucestershire Oxford: Oxford University Press

Elton, G R, 1992 The English London: Blackwell Emmerson, R, 1992 British Teapots and Tea Drinking 1700–1850 London: HMSO

Englert, A, 2006 Trial voyages as a method of experimen- tal archaeology: The aspect of speed, in L K Blue, F M Hocker & A Englert (eds), Connected by the Sea Pro- ceedings of the Tenth International Symposium on Boat and Ship Archaeology Roskilde 2003 Oxford, 35–42

English Heritage, 2002 Environmental Archaeology: A Guide to the Theory and Practice of Methods, from Sampling and Recovery to Post-Excavation London: English Heritage

English Heritage, 2007 Geoarchaeology: Using Earth Sciences to Understand the Archaeological Record London: English Heritage

English Heritage, 2007 Maritime and Naval Buildings Selection Guide English Heritage: English Heritage Protection Department

Erlandson, J M, 2001 The archaeology of aquatic adapta- tions: Paradigms for a new millennium, J Archaeol Research 9(4), 287–350

Esmonde Cleary, S, 1989 The Ending of Roman Britain London: Batsford

Evans, A K B, 1981 Pottery and history, in A Anderson & G Webster (eds), Roman Pottery Research in Britain and N W Europe Oxford: British Archaeological Reports British Series 123

Evans, C, 1997 Hydraulic communities: Iron Age enclosure in the East Anglia fenlands, in A Gwilt & C C Hasel- grove (eds), Reconstructing Iron Age Societies Oxford: Oxbow Books, 216–27

Evans, C, 2003 Power and Island Communities: Excava- tions at the Wardy Hill Ringwork, Coveney, Ely, E Anglian Archaeol 103

Evans, C & Serjeantson, D, 1988 The backwater economy of a fen-edge community in the Iron Age: the Upper Delphs, Haddenham, Antiquity 62, 360–70

Evans, D, 2004a The First World War Chicago: Hodder Headline

Evans, D, 2004b Building the Steam Navy: Dockyards, technology and the creation of the Victorian Battle- fleet, 1830–1906 London: Conway Maritime Press

Everett, L, Allan, D & McLannahan, C, 2003 Rapid Field Survey of the Suffolk Coast and Intertidal Zone. Suffolk: Suffolk County Council

Ewe, H, 1972 Schiffe auf Siegeln. Berlin: Verlag Delius, Klasing and Co

Eyles, N & McCabe, A M, 1989 The Late Devensian (<22,000 BP) Irish Sea Basin: the sedimentary record of a collapsed ice sheet margin, Quaternary Sci Rev 8, 307–51

Fagan, B M, 2000 The Little Ice Age: How Climate Made History, 1300–1850. New York: Basic Books

Fairbanks, R G, 1989 A 17,000 year glacio-eustatic sea level record: influence of glacial melting rates on the Younger Dryas event and deep ocean circulation, Nature 342, 637–42

Fairhurst, H, 1984 Excavations at Crosskirk Broch, Caithness Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland

Farnell, J E, 1964 The Navigation Act of 1651, the First Dutch War and the London Merchant Community, Econ Hist Rev 16, 439–54

Farr, H, 2006 Seafaring as social action, J Maritime Archaeol 1(1), 85–99

Farrell, A W, Penny, S & Jope, E M, 1975 The Broighter Boat: A Reassessment, Irish Archaeol Research Forum 2(2), 15–28

Faulkner, P A, 1975 The Surviving Medieval Buildings, in C Platt, R Coleman-Smith & P Faulkner (eds), Excavations in Medieval Southampton Volume 1. Leicester: Leicester University Press

Fawn, A J, Evans, K, McMaster, I & Davies, G M R, 1990 The Red Hills of Essex. Colchester: Colchester Archaeological Group

Fenwick, V H (ed), 1978a The Graveney Boat. Oxford & London: British Archaeological Reports British Series 53

Fenwick, V H, 1978b Was There a Body Beneath the Walthamstow Boat?, Internat J Nautical Archaeol 7(3), 187–94

Fenwick, H, 2001 Medieval salt production and landscape development in the Lincolnshire Marsh, in S Ellis, H Fenwick, M Lillie & R Van de Noort (eds), Wetland Heritage of the Lincolnshire Marsh: An Archaeologi- cal Survey Kingston-upon-Hull: University of Hull, 231–41

Fenwick, V & Gale, A, 1998 Historic Shipwrecks: Discov- ered, Protected and Investigated Stroud: Tempus Ferreiro, L D, 2010 Ships and Science: The Birth of Naval Architecture in the Scientific Revolution 1600–1800. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press

Field, N & Parker Pearson, M, 2003 Fiskerton Iron Age Causeway with Iron Age and Roman Votive Offerings. Oxford: Oxbow Books

Filmer-Sankey, W & Pestell, T, 2001 Snape Anglo-Saxon Cemetery: Excavations and Surveys 1824–1992. Ipswich: Suffolk County Council/E Anglian Archaeol Rep 95

Fincham, G, 2002 Landscapes of Imperialism: Roman and Native Interaction in the East Anglian Fenland Oxford: British Archaeological Reports British Series 338

Finlayson, B, 1995 Complexity in the Mesolithic of the Western Seaboard, in A Fischer (ed), Man and Sea in the Mesolithic Oxford: Oxbow Books, 261–4

Finlayson, B, 2006 Overview – setting up questions, in C Conneller & G N Warren (eds), Mesolithic Britain and Ireland: New Approaches Stroud: Tempus, 165–84

Finley, M, 1973 The Ancient Economy London: Chatto & Windus

Fischer, A, 1995 An entrance to the Mesolithic world beneath the ocean. Status of ten years work on the Danish sea floor, in A Fischer (ed), Man and Sea in the Mesolithic. Oxford: Oxbow Books, 371–84

Fischer, A, 1996 At the Border of Human Habitat: The Late Palaeolithic and Early Mesolithic in Scandi- navia, in L Larsson (ed), The Earliest Settlement of Scandinavia and its Relationship with Neighbouring Areas, Acta Archaeologica Lundensia 24. Stockholm: Almquist and Wiksell International, 157–76

Fischer, A, 1997 People and the Sea: Settlement and fishing along the Mesolithic coasts, in L Pedersen, A Fischer & B Aaby (ed), The Danish Storebaelt since the Ice Age: Man, Sea and Forest Copenhagen: A/S Storebaelt Fixed Link, 63–77

Fischer, A, 2004 Submerged Stone Age – Danish examples and North Sea potential, in N C Flemming (ed), Submarine Prehistoric Archaeology of the  North  Sea Basin: Research priorities and collaboration with industry. York: Council for British Archaeology Research Report 141, 21–36

Fisher, M H, 2004 Counterflows to Colonialism: Indian Travellers and Settlers in Britain 1600–1857 Delhi: Permanent Black Fisher, M H, 2006 Working across the Seas: Indian maritime labourers in India, Britain and in-between, 1600–1857, Internat Rev Social Hist 51, s.14, 21–45

Fitch S, Gaffney V, & Ramsay E, 2010 West Coast Palaeolandscape Pilot Project. Aggregates Levy Sustainability Fund/English Heritage: Unpublished manuscript

Fitch, S, Thomson, K & Gaffney, V L, 2005 Late Pleistocene and Holocene depositional systems and the palaeogeography of the Dogger Bank, North Sea, Quaternary Research 64, 185–96

Fitzpatrick, A P, 1984 The deposition of La Tène Iron Age metalwork in watery contexts in southern England, in BW Cunliffe & D Miles (eds), Aspects of the Iron Age in Central Southern Britain Oxford: Oxford University Committee for Archaeology, 178–90

Fitzpatrick, A P, 1993 Ethnicity and exchange: Germans, Celts and Romans in the Late Iron Age, in C Scarre & F Healy (eds), Trade and Exchange in Prehistoric Europe. Oxford: Oxbow Books, 233–44

Fitzpatrick, A P, 2001 Cross-Channel exchange, Hengist- bury Head and the end of the hillforts, in J R Collis (ed), Society and Settlement in Iron Age Europe, Actes du XVIIIe Colloque de I’AFEAF, Winchester (April 1994) Sheffield: J R Collis Publications, 82–97

Fitzpatrick, A P, 2003 Roman Amphorae in Iron Age Britain, J Roman Pottery Studies 10, 10–25

Fitzpatrick, A P, 2009 In his hands and in his head: The Amesbury Archer as a metalworker, in P Clark (ed), Bronze Age Connections: Cultural Contact in Prehis- toric Europe Oxford: Oxbow Books: 176–88

Flatman, J, 2007 The Illuminated Ark Oxford: British Archaeological Reports Internat Series 1616

Flatman, J, 2009 Ships and Shipping in Medieval Manu- scripts. London: British Museum Press

Flatman, J, 2010 Wetting the Fringe of Your Habit: Medieval Monasticism and Coastal Landscapes, in S Semple and H Lewis (eds), Perspectives in Landscape Archaeology. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports British Series 2103, 66–77

Flemming, N, 1983 Survival of submerged lithic and Bronze Age artefact sites: a review of case histories, in N C Flemming & P M Masters (eds),  Quater- nary Coastlines and Marine Archaeology. London: Academic Press, 135–73

Flemming, N C, 2002 The scope of Strategic Environmental Assessment of North Sea areas SEA3 and SEA2 in regard to prehistoric archaeological remains, Technical report produced for Strategic Environ- mental Assessment – SEA2 & SEA3 London: UK Department of Trade and Industry

Flemming, N C, 2003 The scope of Strategic Environmental Assessment of continental shelf area SEA4 in regard to prehistoric archaeological remains, Technical report produced for Strategic Environmental Assessment – SEA4 London: UK Department of Trade and Industry

Flemming, N C, Bailey, G N, Courtillot, V, King, G, Lambeck, K, Ryerson, F & Vita-Finzi, C, 2003 Coastal and marine palaeo-environments and human dispersal points across the Africa-Eurasia boundary, in C A Brebbia & T Gambin (eds), Maritime Heritage. Wessex Institute of Technology Press, 61–74

Fletcher, J, Tapper, M & Walker, F, 1978 Tree-ring Studies, in Fenwick (ed) 1978a, 111–24

Fleure, J J, 1915 Archaeological problems of the west coast of Britain, Archaeologia Cambrensis 70, 405–20

Foot, W, 2006 Beaches, Fields, Streets and Hills: The anti- invasion landscapes of England, 1940 York: Council for British Archaeology Report 144

Foreman, M, 1989 Defending the All-Pink Route to India, Fortress, 46–57

Foster, B (ed), 1963 Southampton Port Books, 1435–36 Southampton: Southampton Record Series

Fox, A, 1955 Some evidence for a Dark Age Trading site at Bantham, near Thurlestone, South Devon, Antiq J 35, 55–67

Fox, C, 1932 The Personality of Britain: Its influence on inhabitant and invader in prehistoric and early historic times Cardiff: National Museum of Wales

Fox, H, 2001 The Evolution of the Fishing Village: Landscape and Society Along the South Devon Coast, 1096–1550. Oxford: Leopard’s Head

Foys, M K, 2009 Virtually Anglo-Saxon: Old media, new media and Early Medieval Studies in the late age of print. Gainsville: University of Florida

Frank, P, 1976 Women’s Work in the Yorkshire Inshore Fishing Industry, Oral Hist 4(1–2), 57–63

Fredengren, C, 2009 Lake platforms at Lough Kinale – memory, reach and place: a Discovery Programme Project in the Irish Midlands, in S McCartan, R Schulting, G M Warren & P Woodman (eds), Meso- lithic Horizons Oxford: Oxbow Books, 882–6

French, C, 2003 Geoarchaeology in Action London: Routledge

French, P W, 2001 Coastal Defences: Processes, Problems and Solutions London: Routledge

French, R & Smith, K, 2004 Lost Shipyards of the Tyne Newcastle upon Tyne: Tyne Bridge Publishing Frere, S S, 1986 RIB 1322, Britannia 17, 329

Friel, I, 1993 Henry V’s Grace Dieu and the Wreck in the River Hamble near Bursledon, Hampshire, Internat J Nautical Archaeol 22(1), 3–19

Friel, I, 1994 The Carrack. The Advent of the Full Rigged Ship, in Unger (ed) 1994, 77–90

Friel, I, 1995 The Good Ship: Ships, Shipbuilding and Technology in England 1200–1520 London: British Museum Press

Frost, A, 1980 Convicts and Empire A Naval Question 1776–1811 Melbourne: Oxford University Press

Frouin, M, Sebag, D, Durand, A, Laignel, B, Saliege, J F, Mahler, B J & Fauchard, C, 2007 Influence of pale- otopography, base level and sedimentation rate on estuarine system response to the Holocene sea-level rise: the example of the Marais Vernier, Seine estuary, France, Sedimentary Geology 200, 15–29

Fry, M, 2000 Coiti: Logboats from Northern Ireland Belfast: Greystone

Fryer, J, 1973 The Harbour installations of Roman Britain, in D Blackman (ed), Maritime Archaeology. London: Butterworth, 261–76

Fulford, M, 1978 The interpretation of Britain’s late Roman trade: the scope of medieval historical and archaeological analogy, in J du Plat Taylor & H Cleere (eds), Roman Shipping and Trade: Britain and the Rhine Provinces York: Council for British Archaeol- ogy Research Report 24, 59–69

Fulford, M, 1984 Demonstrating Britannia’s economic dependence in the first and second centuries, in T Blagg & A King (eds), Military and Civilian in Roman Britain: Cultural Relationships in a Frontier Province Oxford: British Archaeological Reports British Series 136, 129–41

Fulford, M, 1989 A Roman shipwreck of Nournour, Isles of Scilly?, Britannia 20, 245–9

Fulford, M, 2001 Links with the  Past:  Pervasive ‘Ritual’ Behaviour in Roman Britain, Britannia 32, 199–218

Fulford, M & Allen, J R L, 1992 Iron-making at the Chesters Roman villa, Woolaston, Britannia 23, 159–215

Fulford, M, Allen, J R L & Rippon, S, 1994 The settlement and drainage of the Wentlooge Level, Gwent: Survey and excavation at Rumney Great Wharf, 1992, Britannia 25, 175–211

Fulford, M, Champion, T & Long, A (eds), 1997 England’s Coastal Heritage: A Survey for English Heritage and the RCHME London: English Heritage/RCHME Archaeological Report 15

Fulford, M & Tyers, I, 1995 The date of Pevensey and the defence of an ‘Imperium Britanniarum’, Antiquity 69, 1009–14

Funnell, B, 1995 Global sea-level and the (pen-)insularity of late Cenozoic Britain, in R C Preece (ed), Island Britain: A Quaternary Perspective. London: Geologi- cal Society, 3–13

Gaffney, V, Fitch, S & Smith, D, 2009 Europe’s Lost World: The Rediscovery of Doggerland York: Council for British Archaeology Research Report 160

Gaffney V, Thomson, K & Fitch S (eds), 2007 Mapping Dog- gerland: The Mesolithic Landscapes of the Southern North Sea. Oxford: Archaeopress

Gaimster, D, 1997a German Stoneware 1200–1900: Archaeology and Culture History London: British Museum Press

Gaimster, D, 1997b Rhenish Stonewares from Ship- wrecks: The study of ceramic function and lifespan, in Redknap (ed) 1997, 121–8

Gale, A, 2000 Britain’s Historic Coast Stroud: Tempus Gallagher, C, Sutton, G & Bell, T, 2004 Submerged ice-marginal forms in the Celtic sea off Waterford Harbour, Ireland, Irish Geography 37, 145–65

Galliou, P, 1982 Les amphores tardo-républicaines découvertes dans l’ouest de la France et les importations de vin italien à la fin de l’Age de Fer, Fasc      I du Corpus des amphores découvertes dans l’ouest de la France, dir R Sanquer Brest: Archaeologie en Bretagne Suppl 4

Galloway, J A, 2009 Storm flooding, coastal defence and land use around the Thames estuary and tidal river c.1250–1450. J Medieval Hist 35(2), 171–88

Gamble, C, Davies, W, Pettitt, P, Hazelwood, L & Richards M, 2005 The archaeological and genetic foundations of the European population during the Late Glacial: implications for ‘agricultural thinking, Cambridge Archaeol J 15(2), 193–223

Gardiner, J & Allen, M J (eds) 2005 Before the Mast: Life and Death aboard the Mary Rose Portsmouth: Mary Rose Trust Limited

Gardiner, J G, forthcoming Resource Assessment: The Neolithic and Bronze Age in Hampshire, in Solent Thames Archaeological Research Framework [working draft]

Gardiner, J P, Allen, M J, Hamilton-Dyer, S, Laidlaw, M & Scaife, R G, 2002 Making the most of it: late prehis- toric pastoralism in the Avon Levels, Severn Estuary, Proc Prehist Soc 68, 1–39

Gardiner, M, 1997 The exploitation of sea mammals in medieval England: bones and their social context, Archaeol J 154, 173–95

Gardiner, M, 2001 Medieval Fishing and Settlement on the Sussex Coast, Medieval Settlement Research Group Annual Report 16, 6–7

Gardiner, M, 2007a An Archaeology of Identity: Soldiers and Society in Late Roman Britain Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press

Gardiner, M, 2007b The Transformation of Marshlands in Anglo-Norman England, Anglo-Norman England 29, 35–50

Gardiner, M, Cross, R, Macpherson-Grant, N, Riddler, I, Blackmore, L, Chick, D, Hamilton-Dyer, S, Murray, E & Weir, D, 2001 Continental trade and non-urban ports in Mid-Anglo-Saxon England: Excavations at Sandtun, West Hythe, Kent, Archaeol J 158, 161–290

Garrow, D, 2010 The temporality of materials: occupation practices in Eastern England during the 5th and 4th millennia BC, in B Finlayson & G Warren (eds), Land- scapes in Transition: Understanding Hunter-gatherer and Farming Landscapes in the Early Holocene and the Levant Amman: Council for British Research in the Levant

Garrow, D & Sturt, F, 2011 Grey waters bright with Neolithic Argonauts? Maritime connections and the Mesolithic-Neolithic transition within the ‘western seaways’ of Britain, c. 5000–3500 BC, Antiquity 85 (327) 59–72

Gaunt, G, 2007 The Anglo-Saxon settlement and its con- temporary geography, in Loveluck (ed) 2007, 74–80

Gawronski, J, Kist, B, Stokvis-van Boezelaer, O, 1992 Hollandia Compendium: A Contribution to History, Archaeology, Classification and Lexicography of a 150ft Dutch East Indiaman (1740–1750) Amsterdam: Rijksmuseum/Elsevier Science Publishers BV

Gebbels, A, 1977 The animal bones, in M Bell, Excavations at Bishopstone, Sussex Archaeol Coll 115

Geikie, J, 1880 Discovery of an ancient canoe in the old alluvium of the Tay at Perth, Scottish Naturalist 5, 1–7

Gerloff, S, 1987 Bronze Age Class A cauldrons: typology, origins and chronology, J Royal Soc Antiq Ireland 116, 84–115

Gerrard, J, 2008 Feeding the Roman army from Dorset: Pottery, salt and the Roman state, in S Stallibrass & R Wilson (eds), Feeding the Roman Army: The Archaeol- ogy of Production and Supply in N W Europe. Oxford: Oxbow Books

Gerrard, S, 1987 Streamworking in medieval Cornwall, J Trevithick Soc 14, 7–31

Gerrard, S, 2000 The Early British Tin Industry Stroud: Tempus Publishing

Gerzina, G, 1995 Black England: Life before Emancipa- tion London: John Murray

Gibbard, P L, 1988 The history of the great Northwest European rivers during the past three million years, Philosoph Trans Royal Soc (Series B) 318(1191), 559–600

Gibbard, P, 1995 The formation of the Strait of Dover, in R C Preece (ed), Island Britain: A Quaternary Perspec- tive London: Geological Society, 15–26

Gibbard, P & Cohen, K M, 2008 Global chronostratigraph- ical correlation table for the last 2.7 million years, Episodes 31(2), 243–7

Gibbard, P L, Pasanen, A H, West, R G, Lunkka, J P, Boreham, S, Cohen, K M & Rolfe, C, 2009 Late Middle Pleistocene glaciation in East Anglia, England, Boreas 38, 504–28

Gibson, D & Knight, M, 2006 Bradley Fen, Whittlesey, Cambridgeshire: Excavations 2001–2004 Cambridge: Cambridge Archaeological Unit Report 733

Gifford, E & Gifford, J, 2004 The use of half-scale model ships in archaeological research with particular reference to the Graveney, Sutton Hoo and Ferriby ships, in Clark 2004

Giles, M, 2009 The Roos Carr figurines: Rethinking mate- riality in later Prehistory. Unpublished conference paper delivered in ‘Oneness and Otherness: Self and identity in relation to material and animal worlds. Theoretical Archaeology Group 2009 (Durham)

Gillam, J, 1973 Sources of pottery found on northern military sites, in A Desicatas (ed), Current Research in Romano-British Pottery London: Council for British Archaeology Research Report 10

Gilroy, P, 1993 The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double Consciousness London and New York: Verso

Glete, J, 1993 Navies and Nations Warships, Navies and State Building in Europe and America, 1500–1860 Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell International

Glimmerveen, J, Mol, D & Van der Plicht, H, 2006 The Pleistocene reindeer of the North Sea: Initial pal- aeontological data and archaeological remarks, Quaternary Internat 142–3, 242–6

Godwin, H & Godwin, M, 1933 British Maglemose harpoon sites, Antiquity 7, 36–48

Goldberg, P & Macphail, R, 2006 Practical and Theoreti- cal Geoarchaeology Oxford: Blackwell

Good, C & Plouviez, J, 2007 The Archaeology of the Suffolk Coast, Suffolk County Council Archaeological Services Report

Goodburn, D M, 1991 New Light on Early Ship- and Boat- Building in the London Area’, in G L Good, R H Jones and M W Ponsford (eds), Waterfront Archaeology. London: Council for British Archaeology Research Report 74, 105–15

Goodburn, D M, 1992 Wood and Woodland: Carpenters and Carpentry, in G Milne (ed), Timber Building Techniques in London c 900–1400. London: London and Middlesex Archaeological Society, 106–31

Goodburn, D, 1993 A side rudder from the London water- front, in J Coles, V Fenwick & G Hutchinson (eds),  A Spirit of Enquiry: Essays for Ted Wright. Exeter: Wetland Archaeology Research Project Occasional Paper 7

Goodburn, D M, 1997 Reused Medieval ship planks from Westminster, England, possibly derived from a vessel built in the cog style, Internat J Nautical Archaeol 26(1), 26–38

Goodburn, D, 2002 An Archaeology of Early English Boatbuilding c.900–1600 AD: Based mainly on finds from SE England. London: Institute of Archaeology, Unpublished PhD Thesis

Goodburn, D, 2003 Rare fragments of a 13th century clinker galley found in London and Use of Irish Wildwoods, in C Beltrame (ed), Boats, Ships and Shipyards Pro- ceedings of the 9th International Symposium of Boat and Ship Archaeology Venice 2000

Goodburn, R, Wright, R P, Hassall, M W C & Tomlin, R S O, 1976 Roman Britain in 1975, Britannia 7, 378 Goodley, J G, 2000 Management in the Port of Southampton from 1870 to 1914. University of Southampton: Unpublished MPhil Thesis

Goodwin, P, 1987 The Construction and Fitting of the Sailing Man of War 1650–1850 London: Conway Maritime Press

Gordon Williams, J P, 1926 The Nab Head Chipping Floor, Archaeologia Cambrensis 86, 86–110

Gornitz, V, 2007 Sea Level Rise, After the  Ice  Melted and Today. Available at research/briefs/gornitz 09/

Gosden, C, 1999 Anthropology and Archaeology: A Changing Relationship London: Routledge

Gosden, C, 2001 Postcolonial Archaeology: Issues of Culture, Identity, and Knowledge, in I Hodder (ed), Archaeologi- cal Theory Today Oxford: Blackwell, 241–61

Gosden, C, 2004 Archaeology and Colonialism Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Göttlicher, A, 1996 The Evolution of the Sailing Ship 1250–1580, by Basil Greenhill [a review], Internat J Nautical Archaeol 25(3–4), 278–9

Goudie, A & Brunsden, D, 1994 The Environment of the British Isles: An Atlas Oxford: Clarendon Press

Gough, H, 1992 Eadred’s charter of AD 949 and the extent of the monastic estate of Reculver, Kent, in N Ramsay, M Sparks & T Tatton-Brown (eds), St Dunstan: his life, times and cult Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 89–102

Gould, R A, 2001 From Sail to Steam at Sea in the late Nineteenth Century, in M B Schiffer (ed), Anthro- pological Perspectives on Technology Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 193–214

Graham, G, 1941 Sea Power and British North America 1783–1820 A Study in British Colonial Policy Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Grainge, G, 2002 The Roman Channel Crossing of AD 43: The Constraints on Claudius’ Naval Strategy Oxford: British Archaeological Reports British Series 332

Grainge, G, 2006 Double tides in the Wantsum: Fact or fiction?, Archaeologia Cantiana 126, 381–91

Grant, A, 1975 The animal bone, in Cunliffe (ed) 1975, 378–408

Grant, A, 2000 Diet, economy and ritual: evidence from the faunal remains, in M G Fulford & J Timby, Late Iron Age and Roman Silchester: Excavations on the site of the Forum-Basilica, 1977, 1980–86. London: Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies, 425–82

Gray Jones, A, 2011 Dealing with the Dead: Manipulation of the Body in the Mortuary Practices of Mesolithic North West Europe. University of Manchester: Unpublished thesis

Green, H S, Smith, A H V, Young, B R & Harrison, R K, 1980 The Caergwrle bowl: its composition, geological source and archaeological significance, Science 80(1), 26–30

Green, M, 1989 Symbol and Image in Celtic Religious Art. London and New York: Routledge

Greene, K, 1979 Invasion and response: Pottery and the Roman army, in B C Burnham & H B Johnson (eds), Invasion and Response: The Case of Roman Britain Oxford: British Archaeological Reports British Series 73, 99–108

Greenhill, B, 1995 The Archaeology of Boats and Ships London: Conway

Greenhill, B, 2000 The Mysterious Hulc, Mariner’s Mirror 86(1), 3–18

Gregory, D, 1999 Monitoring the effect of sacrificial anodes on the large iron artefacts on the Duart Point Wreck, 1997, Internat J Archaeol 28(2), 164–73

Grenier, R, Bernier, M-A & Stevens, W (eds), 2007 The Underwater Archaeology of Red Bay: Basque Ship- building and Whaling in the 16th Century Ottawa: Parks Canada

Gribble, J, 2008 The SS Mendi, a forgotten story of prejudice and loss, British Archaeol 99, 16–21

Gribble, J & Leather, S, 2010 Offshore Geotechnical Investi- gations and Historic Environment Analysis: Guidance for the Renewable Energy Sector COWRIE. Available at [Accessed 13/08/2012]

Griffith, F M, 1988 Devon’s Past: An Aerial View. Exeter: Devon Books

Griffiths D, 2004 Settlement and acculturation in the Irish Sea region, in J Hines, A Lane & M Redknap (eds), Land, Sea and Home: Proceedings of a Conference on Viking Age Settlement, Cardiff 2001 Leeds: Society for Medieval Archaeology Monograph 20, 125–38

Griffiths, D, Philpott, R A, & Egan, G, 2007 Meols: The Archaeology of the North Wirral Coast: Discoveries and Observations in the 19th and 20th Centuries, with a Catalogue of Collections. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Grinsell, L V, 1940 The boat of the dead in the Bronze Age, Antiquity [April 1940], 360–70

Gritt, A, 2005 Representations of mariners and maritime communities, c.1750–1850, History in Focus 9 Institute of Historical Research. Available at: http:// [Accessed 13/08/2012]

Grove J, 2003 Reclamation and utilisation of the upper Axe valley during the Roman period, Archaeology in the Severn Estuary 13, 65–87

Groves, C, Locatelli, C & Nayling, N, 2004 Tree-Ring Analysis of Oak Samples from Stert Flats Fish Weirs, Bridgewater Bay, Somerset Centre for Archaeology Report 43/2004 London: English Heritage

Grøn, O, 2003 Mesolithic dwelling places in south Scandinavia: their definition and social interpretation, Antiquity 77, 685–708

Guest, P, 2003 Review of Late Iron Age and Roman Silchester: Excavations on the Site of the Forum-Basilica 1977, 1980–86 by M Fulford & J Timby, Britannia 34, 385–6

Guiter, F, Andrieu-Ponel, V, de Beaulieu, J-L, Cheddadi, R, Calvez, M, Ponel, P, Reille, M, Keller, T & Goeury, C, 2003 The last climatic cycles in Western Europe:  a comparison between long continuous lacustrine sequences from France and other terrestrial records, Quaternary Internat 111, 59–74

Gupta S, Collier, J, Parmer-Felgate, A, Dickinson, J, Bushe, K & Humber, S, 2004 Submerged Palaeo-Arun River Reconstruction of prehistoric landscapes and evaluation of archaeological resource potential: Final report London: Imperial College on behalf of English Heritage

Gupta, S, Collier, J, Palmer-Felgate, A & Potter, G, 2007 Catastrophic flooding origin of shelf valley systems in the English Channel, Nature 448, 342–6

Gurney, D, 1986 Settlement, Religion and Industry on the Fen-edge: Three Romano-British Sites in Norfolk, E Anglian Archaeol Rep 31. Dereham

Hague, D B & Christie, R, 1975 Lighthouses: Their Archi- tecture, History and Archaeology Llandysul: Gomer

Haines, M, 2000 The Herring Fisheries, 1750–1900, in Starkey et al (eds) 2000

Halkon, P, 2008 Archaeology and Environment in a changing East Yorkshire Landscape: The Foulness Valley c 800 BC to AD 400 Oxford: British Archaeo- logical Reports British Series 472

Halkon, P, 2011 Iron, landscape and power in Iron Age East Yorkshire, Archaeol J 168, 133–65

Hall, D, 1987 The Fenland Project No 2: Fenland Landscapes and Settlement between Peterborough and March Cambridge: Cambridge Archaeology Committee/Fenland Project Committee/Schole Archaeology Committee

Hall, D, 1992 The Fenland Project No 6: The South-western Cambridgeshire Fenlands Cambridge: Cambridge Archaeology Committee/Fenland Project Committee/ Schole Archaeology Committee

Hall, D, 1996 The Fenland Project  No  10: The  Isle  of Ely and Wisbech Cambridge: Cambridge Archaeology Committee/Fenland Project Committee/Schole Archaeology Committee

Hall, D & Coles, J, 1994 Fenland Survey: An Essay in Landscape and Persistence. London: English Heritage Archaeological Report 1

Hall, D, Wells, C, Huckerby, E, Meyer, A & Cox, C, 1995 The Wetlands of Greater Manchester: North-west Wetlands Survey 2 Lancaster: Lancaster University Archaeology Unit

Hall, M, 1999 Subaltern Voices? Finding the spaces between things and words, in P P A Funari, M Hall & S Jones (eds), Historical Archaeology: Back from the Edge London and New York: Routledge

Hall, M, 2000 Archaeology and the Modern World Colonial Transcripts in South Africa and the Chesapeake London: Routledge

Hall, R, 1981 Markets of the Danelaw, in E Roesdahl, J Graham-Campbell, P Connor & K Pearson (eds), The Vikings in England. Copenhagen: Nationalmuseet, 95–139

Hall, R A, Rollason, D W, Blackburn, M, Parsons, D N, Fellows-Jensen, G, Hall, A R, Kenward, H K, O’Connor, T P, Tweddle, D, Mainman, A J & Rogers, N S H, 2004 Aspects of Anglo-Scandinavian York, The Archaeology of York 8/4. York: York Archaeological Trust

Hallam, H E, 1960 Salt-making in the Lincolnshire Fenland during the Middle Ages, Lincolnshire Architect and Archaeol Soc Reports and Papers 8, New Series

Hambleton, E & Stallibrass, S, 2000 Faunal remains, in C Haselgrove & R McCullagh (eds), An Iron Age Coastal Community in East Lothian: The Excavation of Two Later Prehistoric Enclosure Complexes at Fishers Road, Port Seaton, 1994–5. Edinburgh: Scottish Trust for Archaeological Research, 147–57

Hamilton-Dyer, S, 2002 Bird and fish remains, in M Gardiner, R Cross, N Macpherson-Grant, & I Riddler), Continental trade and non-urban ports in Middle Anglo-Saxon England: excavations at Sandtun, West Hythe, Kent, Archaeol J 158, 161–290

Hammerton, A J & Taylor, A, 2005 ‘Ten Pound Poms’: Aus- tralia’s Invisible Migrants Manchester: Manchester University Press

Hanebuth, T J J, Stattegger, K & Bojanowski, A, 2009 Termination of the Last Glacial Maximum sea-level lowstand: the Sunda-Shelf data revisited, Global and Planetary Change 66, 76–84

Harcourt, R, 1979 The animal bones, in G Wainwright, Gussage All Saints: an Iron Age Settlement in Dorset. London: HMSO/DOE Archaeological Reports 10, 150–61

Harding, A F, 2000 European Societies in the Bronze Age Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Hardman, F W & Stebbings, W P D,  1940–42  Stonar and the Wantsum Channel, parts 1–3, Archaeologia Cantiana 53, 62–80; 54, 41–55; 55, 37–49

Harff, J, Lampe, R, Lemke, W, Lübke, H, Lüth, F, Meyer, M & Tauber, F, 2005 The Baltic Sea: A Model Ocean to Study Interrelations of Geosphere, Ecosphere,  and Anthroposphere in the Coastal Zone, J Coastal Research 21(3), 441–6

Harman, M, 1996 Birds, in J May (ed), Dragonby. Oxford: Oxbow Books, 163–4

Harmand, L, 1966 A propos d’un col d’amphore trouve dans la Manche, in J Heurgon, G Picard & W Seston (eds), Melanges d’Archaeologie, d’Epigraphie et d’His- toire Offerts a Jerome Carcopino Paris, 477–89

Harrington, S & Welch, M, forthcoming Beyond the Tribal Hidage

Harrison, R J, 1980 The Beaker Folk: Copper Age Archaeol- ogy in Western Europe London: Thames and Hudson Hartley, K, 1977 Two major industries producing mortaria in the first century AD, in J Dore & K Greene (eds), Roman Pottery Studies in Britain and Beyond Oxford: British Archaeological Reports British Series 30, 5–17

Hartridge, R, 1978 Excavations at the prehistoric and Romano-British site on Slonk Hill, Shoreham, Sussex, Sussex Archaeol Coll 116, 69–141

Harvey, P (ed), 2006 The Hereford World Map Medieval World Maps and their Context London: The British Library

Haselgrove, C C, 1982 Wealth, prestige and power: the dynamics of political centralization in south-east England, in C Renfrew & S Shennan (eds), Ranking, Resource, and Exchange. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 79–88

Haselgrove, C C, 1984 Romanization before the conquest: Gaulish precedents and British  consequences, in T F C Blagg & A C King (eds), Military and Civilian  in Roman Britain. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports British Series 136, 5–63

Haselgrove, C C, 1987 Iron Age Coinage in South-East England. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports British Series 174

Haselgrove, C C, 1989 The later Iron Age in southern Britain and beyond, in M Todd (ed), Research on Roman Britain 1960–89. London: Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies, 1–18

Haselgrove, C C, 1993 The development of British Iron- Age coinage, Numis Chron 153, 31–64

Haselgrove, C C, 2001 Iron Age Britain and its European setting, in J Collis (ed), Society and Settlement in Iron Age Europe, Actes du XVIIIe Colloque de l’AFEAF, Winchester (April 1994). Sheffield: J R Collis Publications, 37–72

Haslett, S K, 2000 Coastal Systems London: Routledge Haslett S K & Bryant E A, 2007 Reconnaissance of

historic (post AD 1000) high-energy deposits along the Atlantic coasts of south-west Britain, Ireland and Brittany, France, Marine Geology 242, 207–20

Haslett, S K, Davies, P, Curr, R H F, Davies, C F C, Kennington, K, King, C P & Margretts, A J, 1988 Eval- uating late-Holocene relative sea-level change in the Somerset Levels, south-west Britain, The Holocene 8(2), 197–207

222 People and the Sea: A Maritime Archaeological Research Agenda for England

Hassall, M, 1978 Britain and the Rhine provinces: Epi- graphic evidence for Roman trade, in J du Plat Taylor & H Cleere (eds), Roman Shipping and Trade: Britain and the Rhine Provinces London: Council for British Archaeology Research Report 24, 41–8

Hawkes, C F C & Crummy, P, 1995 Camulodunum 2 The Iron Age Dykes. Colchester Archaeological Reports 11. Colchester: Colchester Archaeological Trust

Hawkes, C F C & Hull, MR, 1947 Camulodunum First Report on the Excavations at Colchester 1930–1939, Reports of the Research Committee of the Society   of Antiquaries of London 14. Oxford: The Society of Antiquaries

Hayes, P P & Lane, T W, 1992 Lincolnshire Survey: The South-west Fens, Heritage Trust for Lincolnshire/E Anglian Archaeol Rep 55

Haywood, J, 1991 Dark Age Naval Power: A Reassessment of Frankish and Anglo-Saxon Seafaring London & New York: Routledge

Hazell, Z J, 2008 Offshore and intertidal peat deposits, England – a resource assessment and development of a database, Environmental Archaeol 13(2), 101–10

Healey, H, 1999 An Iron Age salt-making site at Helpring- ham Fen, Lincolnshire: Excavations by the Car Dyke Research Group 1972–7, in A Bell, D Gurney & H Healey, Lincolnshire Salterns: Excavations at Hel- pringham, Holbeach St Johns and Bicker Haven, E Anglian Archaeol Rep 89, 1–19

Healy, F, 1996 The Wissey Embayment: Evidence for pre- Iron Age Occupation accumulated prior to the Fenland Project Norfolk: Field Archaeology Division/Norfolk Museums Service

Hedeager, L, 1992 Iron-Age Societies From Tribe to State in Northern Europe, 500 BC to AD 700. Oxford: Blackwell

Hedges, R E M, 2004 Isotopes and red herrings: comments on N Milner, O E Craig, G N Bailey, K Pedersen  &    S H Andersen, Something fishy in the Neolithic? A re-evaluation of stable isotope analysis of Mesolithic and Neolithic coastal populations and on K Lidén, G Eriksson, B Nordqvist, A Götherström & E Bendixen, ‘The wet and the wild followed by the dry and the tame’ – or did they occur at the same time? Diet in Mesolithic– Neolithic southern Sweden, Antiquity 78 (299), 34–7

Helms, M W, 1988 Ulysses’ Sail: An Ethnographic Odyssey of Power, Knowledge, and Geographical Distance. Princeton University Press

Henderson, J C, 2007 The Atlantic Iron Age: Settlement and Identity in the First Millennium BC. London: Routledge

Henig, M & Ross, A, 1998 A Roman intaglio depicting a warship from the foreshore at King’s Reach, Winches- ter Wharf, Southwark, Britannia 29, 325–7

Herlihy, D, 1997 The Black Death and the Transforma- tion of the West. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Herne, A, 1988 A time and a place for the Grimston bowl, in J C Barrett & I A Kinnes (eds), The Archaeology of Context in the Neolithic and Bronze Age: Recent Trends Sheffield, 9–29

Hijma, M P & Cohen, K M, 2010 Timing and magnitude of the sea-level jump precluding the 8,200 year event, Geology 38(3), 275–8

Hijma, M P, Cohen, K M, Roebroeks, W, Westerhoff, W E & Busschers, F S, 2012 Pleistocene Rhine Thames land- scapes: geological background for hominin occupation of the southern North Sea region, J Quaternary Sci 27(1), 17–39

Hildred, A, 2011 Weapons of Warre. The Ordnance of the Mary Rose, The Archaeology of the Mary Rose Volume 2 Portsmouth: The Mary Rose Trust

Hill, D, 1981 An Atlas of Anglo-Saxon England. Oxford: Blackwell

Hill, D, Worthington, M, Warburton, J & Barrett, D, 1992 The definition of the Early Medieval site of Quentovic, Antiquity 66(253), 965–9

Hill, D & Cowie, R (eds), 2002 Wics: The Early Mediaeval Trading Centres of Northern Europe. Sheffield: Sheffield Archaeological Monographs 14

Hill, J D, 1995a The pre-Roman Iron Age in Britain and Ireland: an overview, J World Prehistory 9, 47–98

Hill, J D, 1995b Ritual and Rubbish in the Iron Age of Wessex Oxford: British Archaeological Reports British Series 242

Hill, J D, 2007 The dynamics of social change in Later Iron Age eastern and south-eastern England c.300 BC–AD 43, in C Haselgrove & T Moore (eds), The Later Iron Age in Britain and Beyond Oxford: Oxbow Books, 16–40

Hillam, J, Groves, C M, Brown, D M, Baillie, M G L, Coles, J M & Coles, B J, 1990 Dendrochronology of the English Neolithic, Antiquity 64, 210–20

Hills, C, 2003 Origins of the English. London: Duckworth Hinchliffe, J & Sparey Green, C (eds), 1985 Excvations at Brancaster, 1974 and 1977, E Anglian Archaeol Res Rep 23

Hines, J, 1984 The Scandinavian Character of Anglian England in the pre-Viking Period. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports British Series 124

Hingley, R, 1992 Society in Scotland from 700 BC to AD 200, Proc Soc Antiqs Scotland 122, 7–53

Hingley, R, 1997 Iron, ironworking and regeneration, in A Gwilt & C C Haselgrove (eds), Reconstructing Iron Age Societies. Oxford: Oxbow Books, 9–18

Hingley, R, 2000 Roman Officers and English Gentlemen: The Imperial Origins of Roman Archaeology London: Routledge

Hingley, R, 2006 The deposition of iron objects in Britain during the later Prehistoric and Roman periods: Contextual analysis and the significance of iron, Britannia 37, 213–67

Hinton, D, 1987 Archaeology and the Middle Ages: Recommendations by the Society for Medieval Archaeology to the Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for England, Medieval Archaeol 31, 1–12

Hirth, K G, 1978 Inter-regional trade and the formation of prehistoric gateway communities, American Antiquity 43, 25–45

Hiscock, P, 2008 Archaeology of Ancient Australia. London: Routledge

Hoare, P G, Vinx, R, Stevenson & C R, Ehlers, J, 2002 Reused bedrock ballast in King’s Lynn Town Walls, Medieval Archaeol 46, 91–105

Hobley, B, 1988 Lundenwic and Lundenburh: Two Cities Rediscovered, in R Hodges & B Hobley (eds), The Rebirth of Towns in the West AD 700–1050 London: Council for British Archaeology Research Report 68, 69–82

Hobsbawn, E, 1972 En torno a los origenes de la Revolu- cion Industrial Buenos Aires: Siglo XXI

Hobsbawn, E, 1999 Industry and Empire London: Penguin Books

Hockey, S F (ed), 1975. The Account-Book of Beaulieu Abbey London: Royal Historical Society

Hodder, I, 1982 Symbols in Action: Ethnoarchaeological studies of material culture Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Hodges, R, 1982 Dark Age Economics: The Origins of Towns and Trade, AD 600–1000 London: Duckworth Hodges, R, 1989 The Anglo-Saxon Achievement New York: Cornell University Press

Hodges, R, 2000. Towns and Trade in the Age of Charle- magne London: Duckworth

Hodgkinson, D, Huckerby, E, Middleton, R & Wells, C E, 2000 The Lowland Wetlands of Cumbria Lancaster: Lancaster Imprints/North West Wetlands Survey 8

Hodgson, N, Stobbs, G C, & Van der Veen, M, 2001 An Iron Age settlement and remains of earlier prehistoric date beneath South Shields Roman fort, Tyne and Wear, Archaeol J 158, 62–160

Hoffman G & Hoffman P, 2009 Sailing the Bremen Cog, Internat J Nautical Archaeol 38(2): 281–96

Hogg, A, 2002 Report on Radiocarbon Age Determination for Wk-10415 Waikato Dating Laboratory report Holbrook, N & Bidwell, P T 1991 Roman Finds from Exeter Exeter: Exeter Archaeological Report 4

Holden, E W, 1980 Excavations at Old Erringham, Shoreham, West Sussex: Part 2, the ‘Chapel’ and Ringwork, Sussex Archaeol Coll 118, 257–91

Hole, H S, 1957 Cliff Protection and Sea Defences: Outline of Proposals. Ramsgate: Department of Engineers and Surveyors, Ramsgate Urban District Council

Holman, D, 2005a Iron Age coinage and settlement in East Kent, Britannia 36, 1–54

Holman, D, 2005b Iron Age coinage from Worth and other possible evidence of ritual deposition in Kent, in C Haselgrove & D Wigg-Wolf (eds), Iron Age Coinage and Ritual Practices. Mainz: Studien zu Fundmünzen der Antike 20, 265–85

Hondius-Crone, A, 1955 The Temple of Nehalennia at Domburg Amsterdam: J M Meulenhoff

Hook, D & Gaimster, D (eds), 1995 Trade and Discovery: The Scientific Study of Artefacts from Post-Medieval Europe and Beyond London: British Museum

Hopkins, K, 1980 Taxes and trade in the Roman Empire (200 BC–AD 400), J Roman Studies 71, 1

Hopkins, K, 1983a Introduction, in P Garnsey, K Hopkins & C R Whittaker (eds), Trade in the Ancient Economy London: Chatto & Windus, ix–xxv

Hopkins, K, 1983b Models, ships and staples, in P Garnsey & C Whittaker (eds), Trade and Famine in Classical Antiquity Cambridge: Cambridge Philologi- cal Society

Hornell, J, 1948 The Sources of the Clinker and Carvel Systems in British Boat Construction, The Mariner’s Mirror 34, 239

Horsley, P & A Hirst, 1991 Fleetwood’s Fishing Industry: The story of deep-sea fishing from Fleetwood 1840– 1990 Beverley: Hutton Press

Hosfield, R T, 2007 Terrestrial implications for the maritime geoarchaeological resource: A view from the Lower Palaeolithic, J Maritime Archaeol 2(1), 4–23

Hosfield, R T & Chambers, J, 2004 The Archaeological Potential of Secondary Contexts. Aggregates Levy Sustainability Fund Project 3361. Report prepared for English Heritage

Housley, R A, 1991 AMS dates from the Late Glacial and early Postglacial in north-west Europe: a review, in N Barton, A J Roberts & D A Roe (eds), The Late Glacial in North-west Europe. London: Council for British Archaeology Research Report 77

Howell, J K, 2003 The Newport Ship, Current Archaeol 184, 176–81

Hublin, J-J, Weston, D, Gunz, P, Richards, M, Roebroeks, W, Glimmerveen, J & Anthonis, L, 2009 Out of the North Sea: the Zeeland Ridges Neandertal, J Human Evolution 57, 777–85

Huddart, D, Gonzalez, S & Roberts, G, 1999 The archaeo- logical record and mid-Holocene marginal coastal palaeoenvironments around Liverpool Bay, in K J Edwards & J D Sadler (eds), Holocene Environments of Prehistoric Britain, J Quaternary Sci 14(6). Chich- ester: John Wiley, 563–74

Huggett, J, 1988 Imported Grave Goods in and the Early Anglo-Saxon Economy, Medieval Archaeol 32, 63–96

Hughes, M K, & Diaz, H F, 1994 Was there a Medieval Warm Period?, Climatic Change 26(2–3), 109–42

Hunter, J R & Heyworth, M P, 1998 The Hamwic Glass York: Council for British Archaeology Research Report 116

Huntley, B, Alfano, M J, Allen, J R M, Pollard, D, Tzedakis, P C, de Beaulieu, J-L, Grüger, J & Watts, B, 2003 European vegetation during Marine Oxygen Isotope Stage-3, Quaternary Research 59, 195–212

Huntley, J, 2000 The charred and waterlogged plant remains, in C Haselgrove & R McCullagh, An Iron Age Coastal Community in East Lothian: The Exca- vation of Two Later Prehistoric Enclosure Complexes at Fishers Road, Port Seaton, 1994–5 Edinburgh: Scottish Trust for Archaeological Research, 157–70

Hurst, H R, 1999 Civic space at Glevum, in H R Hurst (ed), The Coloniae of Roman Britain: New Studies and a Review Portsmouth, 113–25

Hutchinson, G, 1994a Medieval Ships and Shipping. London: Leicester University Press

Hutchinson, G, 1994b The Medieval Boatbuilding Timbers, in D R Watkins (ed), The Foundry: Excavations on Poole Waterfront 1986–87. Poole: Dorset Natural History and Archaeology Society, 23–45

Huuse, M & Lykke-Andersen, H, 2000 Overdeepened Quaternary valleys in the eastern Danish North Sea: morphology and origin, Quaternary Sci Rev 19, 1233–53

HWTMA, 2008 Recording Archaeological Remains  on  the River Hamble Final Project  Report.  Available at: [Accessed 13/08/2012]

Hyde, F E, 1971 Liverpool and the Mersey An Economic History of a Port 1700–1970 Newton Abbot: David and Charles

Ilves, K, 2009 Discovering harbours? Reflection on the state and development of landing site studies in the Baltic Sea region, J Maritime Archaeol 4, 149–63

Ingold, T, 1993 The temporality of the landscape, World Archaeol 25(2), 24–174

Irwin, J, 1992 The Prehistoric Exploration and Colonisation of the Pacific Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Jackson, G, 1983 The History and Archaeology of Ports Jackson, R, 2000 Gladiators in Roman Britain, British Museum Magazine 38, 16–21

Jacobi, R, 1976 Britain inside and outside Mesolithic Europe, Proc Prehist Soc 42, 67–84

Jacobi, R M, 1978 Population and landscape in Mesolithic lowland Britain, in S Limbrey & J G Evans (eds), The Effect of Man on the Landscape: The Lowland Zone London: Council for British Archaeology Research Reports 21, 75–85

Jacobi, R M, 1979 Early Flandrian hunters in the South- West, Devon Archaeol Soc 37, 48–93

224 People and the Sea: A Maritime Archaeological Research Agenda for England

James, M K, 1971 Studies in the Medieval Wine Trade. Oxford: Clarendon Press

Jarvis, A, 2000 Dock and Harbour Provision for the Fishing Industry since the Eighteenth Century, in Starkey et al (eds) 2000

Jarvis, K, 1992 An inter-tidal zone Romano-British site on Brownsea Island, Proc Dorset Nat Hist and Archaeol Soc 114, 89–95

Jay, M & Richards, M P, 2007 British Iron Age diet: stable isotopes and other evidence, Proc Prehist Soc 73, 169–90

Jecock, M, 2009 A Fading Memory: The North Yorkshire coastal alum industry in the light of a recent ana- lytical field survey by English Heritage, Industrial Archaeol Rev 31(1), 54–73

Jelgersma, S, 1979 Sea-level changes in the North Sea basin, Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, Symposia Universitatis Upsaliensis Annum Quingentesimum Celebrantis 2, 233–48

Jenkins, F, 1978 Discovery and Excavation: Phase 1, in Fenwick (ed) 1978a, 1–5

Jennings, S & Smyth, C, 1987 Coastal sedimentation in East Sussex during the Holocene, Progress in Ocea- nography 18, 205–41

Jobey, G, 1967 Excavation at Tynemouth Priory and Castle, Archaeologia Aeliana, 4th Series, 45, 33–104

Johns, C, Larn, R & Tapper, B P, 2004 Rapid Coastal Assessment for the Isles of Scilly A Report for English Heritage, Historic Environment Service Report 2004R030, Truro, Cornwall County Council. isles-of-scilly-rczas/islesofscilly20080116095450.pdf [Accessed 13/08/2012]

Johnson, B, 2009 North West Rapid Coastal Zone Assess- ment.  Unpublished  report  for  English  Heritage by Archaeological Research Services Ltd, http:// [Accessed 13/08/2012]

Johnson, M, 1993 Housing culture: traditional architecture in an English landscape Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution Press

Johnson, M, 1996 An Archaeology of Capitalism Oxford/ Cambridge, MA: Blackwell

Johnson, M, 1999 Archaeological Theory: An Introduction Oxford: Blackwells

Johnson, M, 2010 English houses 1300–1800: vernacular architecture, social life, London: Longman

Johnson, S, 1976 The Forts of the Saxon Shore London: Book Club Associates

Johnston, D E (ed), 1977 The Saxon Shore York: Council for British Archaeology Research Report 18

Jones, G D B & Mattingly, D J, 1990 An Atlas of Roman Britain. Oxford and New York: Blackwell

Jones, J E, 2009 The Maritime and Riverine Landscape of the West of  Roman  Britain:  Water  Transport on the Atlantic Coasts and Rivers of Britannia Oxford: British Archaeological Reports British Series 493

Jones, M J, 2002 Roman Lincoln: Conquest, Colony and Capital Stroud: Tempus

Jones, M (ed), 2003 For Future Generations Conserva- tion of a Tudor Maritime Collection Portsmouth: The Mary Rose Trust

Jones, P & Youseph, R, 1996 The Black Population of Bristol in the Eighteenth Century Bristol: Bristol Branch of the Historical Association Pamphlet 84

Jones, T, 2005 Recording the Newport Ship: Using Three- Dimensional Digital Recording Techniques with a

Late Medieval Clinker-built Merchantman, Internat Nautical Archaeol Quarterly 32(3), 12–15

Keay, J, 2006 The Spice Route: A History. Berkeley: California Studies in Food and Culture 17

Keen, L, 1989 Coastal Salt Production in Norman England, Anglo-Norman Studies 1, 133–79

Kelley, J T, Cooper, J A G, Jackson, D W T, Belknap, D F & Quinn, R J, 2006 Sea-level change and inner shelf stratigraphy off Northern Ireland, Marine Geology 232, 1–15

Kellor, P T, 1989 Quern production at Folkestone, South- East Kent: An interim note, Britannia 20, 193–200

Kelly, H & Richardson, J, 2008 From Bronze Age brique- tage to Saxon spearheads, Current Archaeol 222, 40–4 Kelly, R L, 1995 The Foraging Spectrum: Diversity in Hunter-Gatherer Lifeways Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution Press

Kemp, R, 1996 Anglian Settlement at 46–54 Fishergate The Archaeology of York: Anglian York 7/1. York: York Archaeological Trust

Kenna, R J B, 1986 The Flandrian Sequence of North Wirral (N.W. England), Geological J 21, 1–27

Kerridge, R G P & Standing, M, 1987 Georgian and Victorian Broadwater. Chichester: Phillimore

Kidd, G D, 1999 Fundamentals of 3D Seismic Volume Vis- ualisation Offshore Technical Conference. Available at:

Kidson, C & Heyworth, A, 1976 The Quaternary deposits of the Somerset Levels, Quarterly J Engineering Geol 9, 217–35

Kiernan, P, 2009 Miniature Votive Offerings in the North- West Provinces of the Roman Empire Wiesbaden: Verlag

Killingray, D, 2001 African voices from two world wars, Historical Research 74(186), 425–43

Killock, D & Meddens, F, 2005 Pottery as Plunder: A 17th century maritime site in Limehouse, London, Post- Medieval Archaeol 39(1), 1–91

King, A, 1990 The emergence of Romano-Celtic religion, in T F C Blagg and M J Millett (eds), The Early Roman Empire in the West. Oxford: Oxbow Books, 220–41

King, A & Soffe, G, 1991 Hayling Island, in R F J Jones (ed), Britain in the Roman Period: Recent Trends. Sheffield, 111–13

King, A & Soffe, G, 1994 The Iron Age and Roman temple on Hayling Island, in A P Fitzpatrick & E L Morris (eds), The Iron Age in Wessex: Recent Work Salisbury: Wessex Archaeology, 114–16

Kirby, DG & Hinkkanen, M-L, 2000 The Baltic and the North Seas London: Routledge

Knüsel, C J & Carr, G C, 1995 On the significance of the crania from the river Thames and its tributaries, Antiquity 69, 162–9

Kowaleski, M, 1995 Local Markets and Regional Trade in Medieval Exeter. New York: Cambridge University Press

Kowaleski, M, 2000 The expansion of the south-western Fisheries in Late Medieval England, Econ Hist Rev 53(3), 429–54

Kowaleski, M, 2003 Local Markets and Regional Trade in Medieval Exeter Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Kristiansen, K, 2004 Sea Faring Voyages and Rock Art Ships, in Clark (ed) 2004, 111–21

Kumar, K, 2003 The Making of English National Identity Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Kurlansky, M, 1997 Cod: A Biography of the Fish That Changed the World. New York: Penguin

Labrum, E A (ed), 1994 Civil Engineering Heritage: Eastern & Central England London: Thomas Telford Lamb, H H, 1995 Climate, History and the Modern World [2nd edition]. London: Routledge

Lambeck, K, 1990 Late Pleistocene, Holocene and Present Sea-Levels – Constraints on Future Change, Global and Planetary Change 89(3), 205–17

Lambeck, K, 1991 Glacial Rebound and Sea-Level Change in the British-Isles, Terra Nova 3(4), 379–89

Lambeck, K, 1995a Late Devensian and Holocene shore- lines of the British Isles and North Sea from models of glacio-hydro-isostatic rebound, J Geological Soc 152, 437–48

Lambeck, K, 1995b Understanding ocean dynamics, Nature 373, 474–5

Lambeck, K, 1996a Sea-level change and shore-line evolution in Aegean Greece since Upper Palaeolithic time, Antiquity 70, 588–611

Lambeck, K, 1996b Glaciation and sea-level change for Ireland and the Irish sea since Late Devensian/Mid- landian time, J Geological Soc 153, 853–72

Lambeck, K, 1997 Sea-level change along the French Atlantic and Channel coasts since the time of the Last Glacial Maximum, Palaeogeography, Palaeocli- matology, Palaeoecology 129, 1–22

Lambeck, K & Chappell, J, 2001 Sea level change through the last glacial cycle, Science 292, 679–86

Lambeck, K, Yokoyama, Y, Johnston, P & Purcell, A, 2000 Global ice volumes at the Last Glacial  Maximum and early Lateglacial, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 181, 513–27

Lambeck, K, Yokoyama, Y & Purcell, T, 2002 Into and out of the Last Glacial Maximum: sea level change during Oxygen Isotope Stages 3 and 2, Quarternary Sci Rev 21(1–3), 343–60

Lambert, A, 1984 Battleships in Transition: The creation of the steam battlefleet, 1815–1860 London: Conway Maritime Press

Lambert, A, 2002 War at Sea in the Age of Sail London: Cassell

Lane, T W, 1993 The Fenland Project Number 8: Lin- colnshire Survey, the northern Fen-edge Sleaford: Heritage Trust of Lincolnshire

Lane, T & Morris, E L, 2001 A Millennium of Saltmaking: Prehistoric and Romano-British Salt Production in the Fenland. Lincolnshire Archaeology and Heritage Reports Series 4. Heckington: Heritage Trust for Lincolnshire

Lanting, J N & Van der Waals, J D, 1972 British Beakers as seen from the Continent, Helinium 12

Lanting, J N, 1997/98 Dates for origin and diffusion of the European logboat, Palaeohistoria 39/40, 627–50

Lavery, B, 1983 The Ship of the Line London: Conway Maritime Press

Lavery, B, 1984 Ship of the Line Vol 2 Design Construc- tion and Fittings. London: Conway Maritime Press

Lavery, B, 1988 The Royal Navy’s First Invincible Portsmouth: Invincible Conservations (1744–1758) Ltd

Lawrence, S (ed), 2003 Archaeologies of the British: Explo- rations of Identity in Great Britain and its Colonies 1600–1945 New York: Routledge

Laws, K, with contributions by Roe, F E S, Peacock, D P S and Edmonds, M,1991 The foreign stone, in Sharples 1991, 229–33

Lazenby, C & Lazenby, J (eds), 1999 Deep Sea Voices Stroud: Tempus

Leach, A L, 1918 Flint-working sites on the submerged land (submerged forest) bordering the Pembrokeshire coast, Proc Geologists’ Assoc 29, 46–67

Leah, M D, Wells, C E, Appleby, C & Huckerby, E, 1997 The Wetlands of Cheshire Lancaster: University of Lancashire Archaeology Unit

Leah, M D, Wells, C E, Stamper, P, Huckerby, E & Welch, C, 1998 The Wetlands of Shropshire and Stafford- shire Lancaster: Lancaster University Archaeology Unit

Leary, J, 2009 Perceptions of and responses to the Holocene flooding of the North Sea lowlands, Oxford J Archaeol 28(3), 227–37

Lebecq, S, 1983 Marchands et navigateurs frisons du haut Moyen Âge [2 volumes]. Lille

Lebecq, S, 1997 Routes of change: production and distri- bution in the west (5th–8th centuries, in L Webster & M Brown (eds), The Transformation of the Roman World AD 400–900 Berkeley: University of California Press/British Museum, 67–78

Leech, R H, 2003 The Garden House: Merchant culture and identity in the early modern city, in Lawrence (ed) 2003, 76–86

Leech, R H, forthcoming The Town Houses in Medieval and Early Modern Bristol London: English Heritage Lewis E A (ed), 1993 Southampton Port Books, 1448–49 Southampton: Southampton Record Series

Lewis, M J T, 1966 Temples in Roman Britain. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

L’Hour, M, 1987 Un site sous-marie sur la cote de L’Armorique l’epave antique de Ploumanac’h, Revue Archaeologique de L’Ouest, 113–31

L’Hour, M & Veyrat, E, 1994 The French Medieval Clinker Wreck from Aber Wrac’h, in C Westerdahl (ed), Cross- roads in Ancient Shipbuilding: Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Boat and Ship Archae- ology, Roskilde, 1991 Oxford: Oxbow Monograph 40, 165–80

Loader, E, with contributions by Cameron, E, Every, R, Henig,M, Hinton, Metcalf, D M & Walton Rogers, P, 2005 Grave goods from the inhumation burials, in V Birbeck (ed) 2005, 53–7

Loades, D, 1992 The Tudor Navy: An administrative, political and military history Aldershot: Scholar Press

Loades, D, 1995 The Elizabethan Wreck: Historical back- ground Alderney Society Bulletin 30, 53–5

Locker, A, 2007 In piscibus diversis: the bone evidence for fish consumption in Roman Britain, Britannia 38, 141–80

Loewen, B, 2007 Casks from the 24M Wreck, in Grenier, R, Bernier, M-A, Stevens, W (eds), The Underwater Archaeology of Red Bay. Ottawa: Parks Canada

Long, A J, 2000 Late Holocene sea-level change and climate, Progress in Physical Geography 24(3), 415–23

Long, A J & Innes, J B, 1993 Holocene sea-level change and coastal sedimentation in Romney Marsh, south- east England, UK, Proc Geol Assoc 104(3), 223–37

Long, A J & Roberts, D H, 1997 Sea level change, in Fulford et al (eds) 1997, 25–49

Long, A J, Hipkin, S & Clarke, H (eds), 2002 Romney Marsh: Coastal and Landscape Change through the Ages. Oxford: University of Oxford School of Archaeology

Long, A J, Innes J B, Kirby J R, Lloyd J M, Rutherford M M, Shennan, I, & Tooley, M J, 1998 Holocene sea-level change and coastal evolution in the Humber Estuary, eastern England: and assessment of rapid coastal change, The Holocene 8(2), 229–47

Long, A J, Walker, M P & Stupples, P, 2006a Driving mechanisms of coastal destruction of late Holocene coastal wetlands, Marine Geology 225(1–4), 63–84

Long, A J, Waller M P & Plate, A J, 2006b Coastal Resil- ience and late Holocene tidal inlet history: The evolution of Dungeness Foreland and the Romney Marsh depositional complex (UK), Geomorphology 82(3–4), 309–30

Long, D, Wickham-Jones, C R & Ruckley, N A, 1986 A flint artefact from the northern North Sea, in D Roe (ed), Studies in the Upper Palaeolithic of Britain and North Western Europe. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports International Series 296, 55–62

Lord, E, 1995 Reading the Landscape: the moral, political and cultural construction of the North Sea landscape in the early Modern Period, in J Roding & L Heerma van Voss (eds), The North Sea and culture (1550– 1800): proceedings of the international conference held at Leiden 21–22 April 1995 Hilversum: Verloren, 64–77

Louwe Kooijmans, L P, 1970–71 Mesolithic bone and antler implements from the North Sea and from the Netherlands, Ber Rijksdienst oudheidk bodemonderz 20/21, 27–73

Louwe Kooijmans, L P, 1976 The Neolithic at the Lower Rhine: Its structure in chronological and geographical respect, in S J de Laet (ed), Acculturation and Conti- nuity in Atlantic Europe, mainly during the Neolithic period and the Bronze Age Papers presented at the  IV Atlantic Colloquium, Ghent 1975 University of Leiden: Dissertationes Archaeologicae Gandenses 16, 150–73

Louwe Kooijmans, L P, 1985 Onder Regenten: De Elite in een Hollandse Stad, Hoorn 1700–1780 Utrecht: Rijk- suniversiteit te Utrecht

Louwe Kooijmans, L P (ed), 2001a Hardinxveld- Giessendam, De Bruin Een jachtkamp uit het Laat-Mesolithicum en de vroege Swifterbant-cultur, 5500–4450 v Chr Amersfoort: Rapportage Archeolo- gische Monumentenzorg 88

Louwe Kooijmans, LP (ed), 2001b Hardinxveld- Giessendam, Polderweg Een jachtkamp uit het Laat-Mesolithicum, 5500–5000 v Chr. Amersfoort: Rapportage Archeologische Monumentenzorg 83

Loveluck, C, 1994 Exchange and Society in Early Medieval England, 400–700 AD Durham: University of Durham

Loveluck, C, 1996 The development of the Anglo-Saxon landscape, economy and society on Driffield, East Yorkshire’, in D Griffiths (ed), Anglo-Saxon Studies in Archaeol and Hist 9, 25–48

Loveluck, C, 2000 The Finds, in Dent et al 2000, 227–37 Loveluck, C (ed), 2007 Rural Settlement, Lifestyles and Social Change in the Later First Millennium AD: Anglo-Saxon Flixborough in its wider context Exca- vations at Flixborough, Volume 4. Oxford: Oxbow Books

Loveluck, C, 2012 Central places, exchange and maritime- oriented identity around the North Sea and western Baltic, AD 600–1100, in S Gelichi & R Hodges (eds), From One Sea to Another: Trading Places in the European and Mediterranean Early Middle Ages Seminari Del Centro Interuniversitario per la Storia e l’Archeologia Dell’ Alto Medioevo 3. Turnhout: Brepols, 123–65

Loveluck, C, forthcoming La perception de l’autre: les zones maritimes de l’Angleterre et le commerce. Perspectives archéologiques, 650–1050, ap. J-C, in A Gauthier, S Lebecq & S Rossignol (eds), De la mer du Nord à la mer Baltique Contacts, communication, commerce au Moyen Âge. Lille: PUL

Loveluck, C & Tys, D, 2006 Coastal societies, exchange and identity along the Channel and southern North Sea shores of Europe, AD 600–1000, J Maritime Archaeol 1(2), 140–69

Lowe, J J & Walker, M J C, 1997 Reconstructing Quater- nary Environments Harlow: Pearson Prentice Hall

Lubbock, B, 1984 [1911] The China Clippers The Century Seafarers London: Century

Lübke, H, 2009 Hunters and fishers in a changing world. Investigations on submerged Stone Age sites off the Baltic coast of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany, in S McCartan, R Schulting, G Warren & P Woodman (eds), Mesolithic Horizons Oxford: Oxbow Books, 556–63

Lucy, S, 2000 The Anglo-Saxon Way of Death. London: Sutton

Lucas, G, 2004 An Archaeology of Colonial Identity Power and Material Culture in the Dwars Valley, South Africa New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers

Lundberg, A, 2003 Time travels in whaling boats, J Social Archaeol 3(3), 312–13

Lydden Valley Research Report, 2006 The Geology, Archae- ology and History of the Lydden Valley and Sandwich Bay, Dover Privately published

Lyne, M, 1999 Roman ships’ fittings from Richborough, J Roman Military Equipment Studies 7, 147–9

Maarleveld, T, 1984 Archeologie in troebel water, Archeo- logie onder water; 1e onderzoeksrapport Amsterdam: Ministerie van Welzijn, Volksgezondheid en Cultuur

MacDougall, P, 1982 Royal Dockyards Newton Abbot: David and Charles

MacDougall, P, 2009 Chatham Dockyard, 1815–1865: The industrial transformation Farnham: Ashgate

MacGregor, D, 1972 The Tea Clippers: An account of the China tea trade and of some of the British sailing ships engaged in it from 1849 to 1869 London: Maritime Press

Mack, J, 2011 The Sea: A Cultural History London: Reaktion Books

MacRaild, D M, 2000 The Great Famine and Beyond: Irish migrants in Britain in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries Dublin: Irish Academic Press

Maddocks, D J, 2009 The Lerret and the Trow: Past interdependence and present survival. University of Southampton: Unpublished MA Dissertation

Major, H J, 1982  Iron Age  triangular  loomweights, in  D Priddy (ed), Work of the Essex County Council Archaeology Section, 1981, Essex Archaeol and Hist 14, 111–32

Malcolm, G & Bowsher, D [with Cowie, R], 2003 Middle Saxon London: Excavations at the Royal Opera House 1989–99 London: Museum of London Archaeology Service 15

Malone, S, 2007 Witham Valley LiDAR. Unpublished Archaeological Project Services report

Malone, S, 2008 LiDAR Survey: Boston and the  East and West Fens. Unpublished Archaeological Project Services report

Mann, J E, 1982 Early Medieval Finds  from  Flaxen- gate Archeology of Lincoln 14/1. London: Council for British Archaeology

Mannering, J (ed), 1997 Inshore Craft: Traditional Working Vessels of the British Isles London: Chatham Publishing

Mannino, M A & Thomas, K D, 2001 Intensive Mesolithic exploitation of coastal resources? Evidence from a shell deposit on the Isle of Portland (southern England) for the impact of human foraging on popu- lations of intertidal rocky shore mollusks, J Archaeol Sci 28, 1101–14

Manwaring, G E (ed), 1922 The life and works of Sir Henry Mainwaring, Publications of the Navy Records Society 54. London: Navy Records Society 1920–22, 56 March, E J, 1970 Inshore Craft of Britain in the Days of Sail and Oar, Volume 2 Newton Abbot: David and Charles

Marcus, G J, 1980 The Conquest of the North Atlantic. Woodbridge: Boydell Press

Marean, C W, Bar-Matthews, M, Bernatchez, J, Fisher, E, Goldberg, P, Herries, A I R, Jacobs, Z, Jerardino, A, Karkanas, P, Minichillo, T, Nilssen, P J, Thompson, E, Watts, I & Williams, H M, 2007 Early human use of marine resources and pigment in South Africa during the Middle Pleistocene, Nature 449, 905–9

Maritime Archaeology Ltd, 2007 SEA8 Technical Report: Marine Archaeological Heritage, Technical report produced for Strategic Environmental Assessment – SEA 8 London: UK Department of Trade and Industry

Markey, M, 1991 Two stone anchors from Dorset, Internat J Nautical Archaeol 20(1), 47–51

Markey, M, 1997 An inscribed stone anchor from Dorset, Internat J Nautical Archaeol 26(2), 127–32

Markey, M, Wilkes, E & Darvill, T, 2002 Poole Harbour: an Iron Age port, Current Archaeol 181, 7–11

Marsden, P, 1967 A boat of the Roman period discov- ered on the site of New Guy’s House, Bermondsey, 1958, Trans London and Middlesex Archaeol Soc 21, 18–31

Marsden, P, 1977 Celtic Ships of Europe, in S McGrail (ed), Sources and Techniques in Boat Archaeology Oxford: British Archaeological Reports British Series 29, 281–8

Marsden, P, 1990 A re-assessment of Blackfriars Ship 1, in McGrail (ed) 1990b, 66–74

Marsden, P, 1994 Ships of the Port of London: 1st–11th Centuries AD London: English Heritage Archaeological Report 3

Marsden, P (ed), 2009 Your Noblest Shippe: Anatomy  of a Tudor Warship, The Archaeology of the Mary Rose, Volume 2. Portsmouth: The Mary Rose Trust

Marshall, G, 1995 Redressing the Balance: An archaeo- logical evaluation of North Yorkshire’s coastal alum industry, Industrial Archaeol Rev 18(1), 39–62

Marshall, P J (ed), 1998 The Oxford History of the British Empire: Volume 1 Oxford: Oxford University Press

Martin, C, 1992 Water transport and the Roman occupa- tions of north Britain, in T C Smout (ed), Scotland and the Sea Edinburgh: John Donald Publishers, 1–34

Martin, D & Martin, B, 2004 New Winchelsea Sussex: a Medieval Port Town. London: English Heritage

Martin, D & Martin, B, 2009 Rye Rebuilt: Regeneration and Decline Within a Sussex Cinque Port Town 1350– 1660. Rye: Romney Marsh Research Trust

Mason, D  J  P,  2001  Roman  Chester:  city  of  the eagles Stroud, Gloucestershire/Charleston, SC: Tempus

Mason, D J P, 2003 Roman Britain and the Roman Navy Stroud: Tempus

Massey, A C, Gehrels, W R, Charman, D J, Milne, G A, Peltier, W R, Lambeck, K & Selby, K A, 2008 Relative sea-level change and postglacial isostatic adjustment along the coast of south Devon, United Kingdom, J Quaternary Sci 23, 415–33

Matthews, C, 1999 Context and Interpretation: An archae- ology of cultural production, Internat J Historical Archaeol 3, 261–82

Matthews, K J, 1996 Iron Age sea-borne trade in Liverpool Bay, in P Carrington (ed), ‘Where  Deva  Spreads  Her Wizard Stream’: Trade and the Port of Chester. Chester: Chester City Council, 12–23

Matthews, K J, 1999 The Iron Age of North-West England and Irish Sea trade, in B Bevan (ed), Northern Exposure: Interpretative Devolution and the Iron Ages in Britain Leicester: University of Leicester, 173–95

Mattingly, D J, 2006 An Imperial Possession: Britain in the Roman Empire, 54 BC–AD 409 London: Penguin May, J, 1992 Iron Age coins in Yorkshire, in M Mays (ed), Celtic Coinage: Britain and Beyond. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports British Series 222, 93–111

May, J & Weddell, P,  2002 Bantham: A Dark Age Puzzle, Current Archaeol 15(178), 420–22

McAvoy, F, 1994 Marine Salt Extraction, the Salterns of Wainfleet St Mary, Lincolnshire, Medieval Archaeol 38, 134–63

McCabe, A M, 2008 Comment: Postglacial relative sea-level observations from Ireland and their role in glacial rebound modeling, J Quaternary Sci 23, 817–20

McCabe, A M, Cooper, J A G & Kelley, J T, 2007 Relative sea-level changes from N.E. Ireland during the last glacial termination, J Geological Soc 164, 1059–63

McCartan, S B, 2002 Prehistoric Lithic Assemblage, in D Freke (ed), Excavations on St Patrick’s Isle, Peel, Isle of Man, 1982–1988: Prehistoric, Viking, Medieval and Later Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 267–71

McCartan, S B, 2004 Isle of Man review, in A Saville (ed), Mesolithic Scotland and its Neighbours: The early Holocene prehistory of Scotland, its British and Irish Context and some Northern European perspectives Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland

McCarthy, M, 2000 Iron and Steamship Archaeology; Success and Failure on the SS Xantho New York: Kluwer Academic Press

McDonald, K, 1977 The Treasure Divers London McErlean, T, McConkey, R & Forsythe, W, 2002 Strangford Lough: An archaeological survey of a maritime cultural landscape Belfast: Blackstaff Press Ltd

McGrail, S, 1978 Logboats of England and Wales with Comparative Material from European and Other Countries Oxford: British Archaeological Reports British Series 51(1)

McGrail, S, 1979 Prehistoric boats, timber and woodwork- ing technology, Proc Prehist Soc 18, 150–63

McGrail, S, 1983 Cross-channel seamanship and naviga- tion in the late 1st millennium BC, Oxford J Archaeol 2/3, 299–337

McGrail, S, 1987 [revised 1998] Ancient Boats in N W Europe: The Archaeology of Water Transport to AD 1500 London & New York: Longman

McGrail, S, 1990a Early boats of the Humber basin, in S Ellis & D R Crowther (eds), Humber Perspectives: A Region through the Ages. Hull: Hull University Press, 109–30

McGrail, S, 1990b Boats and boatmanship in the late pre- historic southern North Sea and Channel region, in S McGrail (ed), Maritime Celts: Frisians and Saxons. York: Council for British Archaeology Research Report 71, 32–48

McGrail, S, 1993a Medieval Ship Timbers from Dublin. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy

McGrail, S, 1993b The Future of the Designated Wreck Site in the River Hamble, Internat J Nautical Archaeol 22(1), 45–51

McGrail, S, 1993c Prehistoric seafaring in the Channel, in C Scarre & F Healy (eds), Trade and Exchange in Prehistoric Europe. Oxford, Oxbow Books, 199–210

McGrail, S, 1995 Romano-Celtic boats and ships: charac- teristic features, Internat J Nautical Archaeol 24(2), 139–45

McGrail, S, 1996 Celtic seafaring and transport, in M Green (ed), The Celtic World. London: Routledge, 254–81

McGrail, S, 2001 Boats of the World: From the Stone Age to Medieval Times Oxford: Oxford University Press McGrail, S, 2010 The global origins of sea-going water transport, in A Anderson, J Barrett, K Boyle (eds), Global Origins of Seafaring. Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research

McGrail, S & Roberts, O, 1999 A Romano-British Boat from the Shores of the Severn Estuary, Mariners Mirror 85, 133–46

McKee, E, 1977 The Lerrets of Chesil Beach, Mariners Mirror 63, 39–46

McKee, E, 1983 Working Boats in Britain: Their Shape and Purpose London: Conway Maritime Press

McQuade, M and O’Donnell, L, 2007 Late  Mesolithic fish traps from the Liffey estuary, Dublin, Ireland, Antiquity 81, 569–84

McQuade, M & O’Donnell, L, 2009 The excavation of Late Mesolithic fish trap remains from the Liffey Estuary, Dublin, Ireland, in S McCartan, P C Woodman, R Schulting & G M Warren (eds), Mesolithic Horizons: Papers presented at the Seventh International Confer- ence on the Mesolithic in Europe, Belfast 2005 Oxford: Oxbow Books, 889–94

Mears, R & Hillman, G, 2007 Wild Food London: Hodder and Stoughton

Meijer, T & Preece, R C, 1995 Malacological evidence relating to the insularity of the British Isles during the Quaternary, in R C Preece (ed), Island Britain:  A Quaternary Perspective. London: Geological Society, 89–110

Meiklejohn, C, Merrett, D C, Nolan, R W, Richards, M P & Mellars, P A, 2005 Spatial Relationships, Dating and Taphonomy of the Human Bone from the Mesolithic sites of Cnoc Coig, Oronsay, Argyll, Scotland, Proc Prehist Soc 71, 85–105

Meiklejohn, C, Chamberlain, A T, and Schulting, R J, 2011 Radiocarbon dating of Mesolithic human remains in Great Britain, Mesolithic Miscellany 21, 20–58

Mellars, P, 1987 Excavations on Oronsay: Prehistoric human ecology on a small island Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press

Meller, H, 2002 Die Himmelscheibe von Nebra, Archäolo- gie in Sachsen-Anhalt 1, 7–20

Merrifield, R, 1962 Coins from the bed of the Walbrook and their significance, Antiq J 42, 38–52

Merrifield, R, 1987 The Archaeology of Ritual and Magic London: Guild Publishing

Merritt, O, 2008 Refining Areas of Maritime Archaeologi- cal Potential for Shipwrecks – AMAP 1 Final Report as submitted to English Heritage. Project Number 5083

Metcalfe, S E, Ellis, S, Horton, B P, Innes, J B, McArthur, J, Mitlehner, A, Parkes, A, Pethick, J S, Rees, J, Ridgway, J, Rutherford, M M, Shennan, I & Tooley, M J, 2000 Holocene land-ocean interaction and environmental change, in Shennan & Andrews (eds) 2000, 97–118

Middleton, P S, 1979 Army supply in Roman Gaul: A hypothesis for Roman Britain, in B C Burnham &   H B Johnson (eds), Invasion and Response: The Case of Roman Britain Oxford: British Archaeological Reports British Series 73, 81–99

Middleton, P, 1983 The Roman Army and long distance trade, in P Garnsey, L Hopkins & C R Whittaker (eds), Trade in the Ancient Economy London: Chatto & Windus, 75–83

Middleton, R, Huckerby, E & Wells, C C, 1995 The Wetlands of North Lancashire Lancaster: Lancaster University Archaeology Unit

Middleton, R, Tooley, M J & Innes, J B, 2001 The Wetlands of South-west Lancashire Lancaster: David Brown Book Company

Miller, D, 1987 Material Culture and Mass Consumption Oxford: Basil Blackwell

Miller, L, 2002 Steeped in History: The Alum  Industry  of North East Yorkshire Helmsley: Yorkshire Moors National Park Authority

Millett, M J, 1989 An overview, in P Halkon (ed), New Light on The Parisi. Hull: East Riding Archaeologi- cal Society and the University of Hull School of Adult and Continuing Education, 327–40

Millett, M J, 1990 Iron Age and Romano-British settle- ment in the southern Vale of York and beyond: some problems in perspective, in S Ellis & D R Crowther (eds), Humber Perspectives: A region through the ages. Hull: Hull University Press, 347–56

Millett, M J, 2007 Roman Kent, in J H Williams (ed), The Archaeology of Kent to AD 800 Woodbridge: Boydell

Millett, M J & McGrail, S, 1987 The archaeology of the Hasholme Logboat, Archaeol J 144, 69–155

Milne, G, 1985 The Port of Roman London London: Batsford

Milne, G, 1990 Maritime traffic between the Rhine and Roman Britain: A preliminary note, in McGrail (ed) 1990b, 82–4

Milne, G, 1995 Roman London London: English Heritage Milne, G, 2000 A Roman provincial fleet: The Classis Britannia reconsidered, in G Oliver, R Brock, T Cornell & S Hodkinson (eds), The Sea in Antiquity. London, 127–31

Milne, G, 2001 Joining the Medieval Fleet, British Archaeology 61

Milne, G, 2003 The Port of Medieval London Stroud: Tempus

Milne, G [with J Flatman & K Brandon], 2004 The 14th century Merchant  ship  from  Sandwich:  A  study  in medieval maritime archaeology, Archaeologia Cantiana 124, 227–36

Milne, G, 2007 Notes on the South-East Research Framework Maritime Themes South-East Research Framework

Milne, G, 2008 Maritime Archaeology South-East Research Framework

Milne, G A, Mitrovica, J X & Schrag, D P, 2002 Esti- mating past continental ice volume from sea-level data, Quaternary Sci Rev 21, 361–76 [Reconstruc- tions available online at Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory: line_webpage/HTML/HOME.htm]

Milner, N, Craig, O E, Bailey, G N, Pedersen, K, & Andersen, S H, 2004 Something fishy in the Neolithic? A re-eval- uation of stable isotope analysis of Mesolithic and Neolithic coastal populations, Antiquity 78(299), 9–22

Milner, N, Craig, O E, Bailey, G N, Pedersen, K, & Andersen, S H, 2006 Something: A response to Richards and Schulting, Antiquity 80(308), 456–7

Milner, N, Conneller, C, Taylor, B, Koon, H, Penkman, K,Elliott, B, Panter, I & Taylor, M, 2011 From Riches to Rags: Organic Deterioration at Star Carr, J Archaeol Sci 38(10), 2818–32

Minnitt, S & Coles, J, 1996 The Lake Villages of Somerset: Somerset Levels Papers 1–15, 1975–1989 Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Mitchell, G F, 1947 An early kitchen-midden in County Louth, J Co Louth Archaeol Soc 11, 169–74

Mitchell, G F, 1949 Further early kitchen-middens in County Louth, J Co Louth Archaeol Soc 12, 14–20 Mitchell, G F, 1972 Some Ultimate Larnian sites at Lough Derravaragh, Co. Westmeath, J Royal Soc Antiqs Ireland 102, 160–73

Mitchell, G & Moore, D, 1993 Horse Sand and No Man’s Land Fort in The Redan No 28 Fareham: Palmerston Forts Society 15

Mithen, S, 1999 Hunter-gatherers of the Mesolithic, in J Hunter & I Ralston (ed), The Archaeology of Britain London: Routledge, 35–57

Mithen, S (ed), 2000 Hunter-Gatherer Landscape Archae- ology: the Southern Hebrides Mesolithic Project 1988–98 Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archae- ological Research

Mol, D, De Vos, J, Bakker, R, van Geel, B, Glimmerveen, J, Van der Plicht, H & Post, K, 2008 Mammoeten, neushoorns en andere dieren van de Noordzeeboden. Diemen: Wetenschappelijke Biblioteek

Mol, D, Post, K, Reumer, J W F, Van der Plicht, J, De Vos, J, Van Geel, B, Van Reenen, G, Pals, J P & Glimmerveen, J, 2006 The Eurogeul: First report of the palaeontolog- ical, palynological and archaeological investigations of this part of the North Sea, Quaternary Internat 142–3, 178–85

MoLAS, 2007a Uncovering the Past: Archaeological Dis- coveries in Chichester Harbour AONB 2004–2007 Chichester Harbour Conservancy

MoLAS 2007b Severn Estuary: Assessment of sources for appraisal of the impact of maritime aggregate extrac- tion. Museum of London Archaeology

Moll, F, 1929 Das Schiff in der Bildenden Kunst Bonn: Kurt Frelag

Momber, G, 2000 Drowned and deserted: a submerged pre- historic landscape in the Solent, Internat J Nautical Archaeol 29, 86–99

Momber, G, 2004 The inundated landscapes of the western Solent, in N C Flemming (ed), Submarine Prehistoric Archaeology of the North Sea. York: Council for British Archaeology Research Report 141, 37–42

Momber G, 2006 Extracting the Cultural Heritage: a new challenge for the underwater archaeologist, Under- water Technology 26(4), 105–11

Momber, G, 2010 Diving into the Mesolithic, Current Archaeol 421

Momber, G, Satchell, J & Gillespie, J, 2009 Occupation in a submerged Mesolithic landscape, in S McCartan, R Schulting, G Warren & P Woodman (eds), Mesolithic Horizons: Papers presented at the Seventh Interna- tional Conference on the Mesolithic in Europe, Belfast 2005. Oxford: Oxbow Books, 324–32

Momber, G, Tomalin, D, Scaife, R, Satchell, J & Gillespie, J, 2011 Mesolithic Occupation at Bouldnor Cliff and the Submerged Prehistoric Landscapes of the Solent London: Council for British Archaeology Research Report 164

Monaghan, J, 1989 The Guernsey Maritime Trust Gazetteer 1985–88, Trans Soc Guernesiase 22(3), 453–65

Monaghan, J, 1991 Pottery from marine sites around Guernsey, J Roman Pottery Studies 3, 63–9

Moody, G, 2008 The Isle of Thanet. Stroud: Tempus Moore, D, 2002 Horse Sand Fort in The Redan [Accessed 3/06/2010]

Moore, J & Heathcote, J, 2004 Geochemistry: Richborough, English Heritage Conservation Bulletin 45 (Spring), 12–13

Moore, H & Wilson, G, 2005 An Iron Age ‘shrine’ on Westray, Current Archaeol 199, 328–32

Moore, P, 1984 A Guide  to  the  Industrial Archaeology  of Hampshire and the Isle of Wight Southampton: Southampton University Industrial Archaeology Group

Moreland, J, 2000 The significance of production in eighth- century England, in I L Hansen & C Wickham (eds), Long 8th Century Leiden: Brill, 72–6

Morely, C & Cooper, E R, 1922 The sea port of Frost- enden, Proc Suffolk Institute of Archaeol and Hist 18, 167–79

Morris, E L, 1985 Prehistoric salt distributions: two case studies from western Britain, Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 32, 336–79

Morris, E L, 1994 Production and distribution of pottery and salt in Iron Age Britain: a review, Proc Prehist Soc 60, 371–93

Morris, E L, 2007 Making magic: later prehistoric and early Roman salt production in the Lincolnshire fenland, in C Haselgrove & T Moore (eds), The Later Iron Age in Britain and Beyond. Oxford: Oxbow Books, 430–43

Morris, J, 1982 Londinium: London in the Roman Empire London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson

Mossop, M, 2009 Lakeside Developments in County Meath, Ireland: A Late Mesolithic fishing platform and possible mooring at Clowanstown 1, in S McCartan, R Schulting, G Warren & P Woodman (eds), Mesolithic Horizons: Papers presented at the Seventh Interna- tional Conference on the Mesolithic in Europe, Belfast 2005. Oxford: Oxbow Books, 895–9

Mowat, R J C, 1996 The Logboats of Scotland. Oxford: Oxbow Books

Muckelroy, K, 1978 Maritime Archaeology Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Muckelroy, K, Haselgrove, C C & Nash, D, 1978 A pre- Roman coin from Canterbury and the ship represented on it, Proc Prehist Soc 44, 439–44

Mullin D, Brunning R & Chadwick A, 2009 Severn Estuary Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment Survey, Phase 1 report English Heritage Project No 3885

Mulville J, 1999 Section 5.13: The mammal bones, and Section 10.1: The mammal bone, in Parker Pearson & Sharples (eds) 1999, 126 and 234–74

Murphy, K, 2002 The archaeological resource: chrono- logical overview to 1500 AD, in A Davidson (ed), The Coastal Archaeology of Wales. York: Council for British Archaeology Research Report 131, 45–64

Murphy, P L, 1986 Appendix: summary environmental report, in J J Wymer, Early Iron Age pottery and a triangular loomweight from Redgate Hill, Hunstan- ton, Norfolk Archaeol 39, 294–6

Murphy, P L, 1992 Environmental studies: Culver Street, in P Crummy, Excavations at Culver Street, the Gilberd School and other Sites in Colchester 1971–85. Colchester Archaeological Report 6. Colchester: Col- chester Archaeological Trust, 273–87

Murphy, P, 2001a East of England Archaeological Research Framework Review Coastal Archaeology: Managing the Resource London: English Heritage

Murphy, P, 2001b Plant macrofossils, in T Lane & E Morris (eds), A millennium of salt-making: prehistoric and Romano-British salt production in the Fenland, Lin- colnshire Archaeology and Heritage Reports Series 4. Heckington: Heritage Trust of Lincolnshire, 151–5

Murphy, P, 2005 Coastal change and human response, in T Ashwin & A Davison (eds), An Historical Atlas of Norfolk [3rd Edition]. Chichester: Phillimore, 6–7

Murphy, P, 2007 Managing the Coastal Environment Kent Coastal Conference

Murphy, P, 2009 The English Coast A History and a Prospect. London: Continuum

Murphy, P, unpublished Review of molluscs and other non-insect invertebrates from archaeological sites in the West and East Midlands and the East of England. English Heritage

Murphy, P, Thackray, D & Wilson, E, 2009 Coastal Heritage and Climate Change in England: Assessing Threats and Priorities, Conservation and Management of Archaeol Sites 11(1), 9–15

Murray, C, Elkin, D & Vainstub, D, 2003 The sloop-of-war HMS Swift: An archaeological approach, The Age of Sail 1, 101–5

Naidu, V, 2000 Stories from India Hove: Wayland

Naish, J, 1985 Seamarks: Their History and Development London: Stanford Maritime

Nash, M, 2004 Investigation of a Survivor’s Camp from the Sydney Cove Shipwreck Department of Archaeology, Flinders University, Australia. Maritime Archaeology Monograph and Report Series 2

Näsman, U, 1998 The Justinianic era of south Scandinavia, in R Hodges & W Bowden (eds), The Sixth Century: Production, Distribution and Demand Leiden: Brill, 255–78

Nautical Archaeology Society, 2010 Forton Lake Project Available at http://www.nauticalarchaeologysociety. org/projects/forton.php [Accessed 13/08/2012]

Navy Records Society, 2003 Naval Miscellany VI London: Navy Records Society

Navy Records Society, 2008 Naval Miscellany VII London: Navy Records Society

Nayling, N, 2002 The Gwent Levels, in A Davidson (ed), The Coastal Archaeology of Wales. York: Council for British Archaeology Research Report 131, 109–15

Nayling, N & Manning, S, 2007 Dating the submerged forests: dendrochronology and radiocarbon ‘wiggle- match’ dating, in Bell (ed) 2007, 90–102

Nayling, N & McGrail, S, 2004 The Barland’s Farm Romano-Celtic boat York: Council for British Archae- ology Research Report 138

Nayling, N, Maynard, D & McGrail, S, 1994 Barland’s Farm, Magor, Gwent: A Romano-Celtic boat, Antiquity 68, 596–603

Naylor, J D, 2004 An Archaeology of Trade in Middle Saxon England. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports British Series 376

Needham, S P, 2000 Power pulses across a cultural divide: Cosmologically driven acquisition between Armorica and Wessex, Proc Prehist Soc 66, 151–208

Needham, S P, 2005 Transforming Beaker Culture in north-west Europe: Processes of fusion and fission, Proc Prehist Soc 71, 171–218

Needham, S J, 2009 Encompassing the sea: ‘maritories’ and Bronze Age maritime interactions, in P Clark (ed), Bronze Age Connections: Cultural Contact in Prehistoric Europe Oxford: Oxbow Books, 12–37

Needham, S & Giardino, C, 2008 From Sicily to Salcombe: A Mediterranean Bronze Age object from British coastal waters, Antiquity 82, 60–72

Needham, S P & Longley, D, 1981 Runnymede Bridge, in G Milne & B Hobley  (eds), Waterfront Archaeology in Britain and Northern Europe. York: Council for British Archaeology Research Report 41

Needham, S P, Parham, D, & Frieman, C J, forthcom- ing Claimed by the Sea: Salcombe, Langdon Bay and Other Marine Finds of the Bronze Age. York: Council for British Archaeology Research Report 173

Neild, R, 1995 The English, The French and the Oyster. Shrewsbury: Quiller Publishing

Neill, S P, Scourse, J D, Bigg, G R & Uehara, K, 2009 Changes in wave climate over the northwest European shelf seas during the last 12,000 years, J Geophys Research – Oceans 114, C06015

Neill, S P, Scourse, J D & Uehara, K, 2010 Evolution of bed shear stress distribution over the northwest European shelf seas during the last 12,000 years,  Ocean Dynamics 60(5), 1139–56

Nelson, W, 1990 European Colonial Fortifications on the Shores of the Indian Ocean, Fortress 3, 13–21

Newell, R R & Constandse-Westermann, T S, 1996 The use of ethnographic analyses for researching Late Palaeolithic settlement systems, settlement patterns and land use in the Northwest European Plain, World Archaeol 27(3), 372–88

NGRIP Project Members, 2004 High-resolution record of Northern Hemisphere climate extending into the last interglacial period, Nature 432, 147–51

Niblett, B R K, 1985 Sheepen: An Early Roman Industrial Site at Camulodunum. London: Council for British Archaeology Research Report 57

Niblett, R, 2000 A Neolithic dugout from a multi-period site near St Albans, Herts, England, Internat J Nautical Archaeol 30, 155–95

Nicholson, R A, 2004 Iron-Age fishing in the Northern Isles: the evolution of a stored product?, in R A Housley & G M Coles (eds), Atlantic Connections and Adaptations: Economies, environments and subsist- ence in lands bordering the North Atlantic. Oxford: Oxbow Books, 155–62

Nixon, T, McAdam, E, Tomber, R and Swain, H (eds), 2002 A Research Framework for London Archaeology London: Museum of London

Noël Hume, I, 1970 A Guide to Artifacts of Colonial America. New York: Alfred A Knopf

Northover, J P, 1982a The exploration of the long-distance movement of bronze in Bronze and Early Iron Age Europe, Bulletin Univ London Institute of Archaeol 19, 45–72

Northover, J P, 1982b The metallurgy of the Wilburton Hoards, Oxford J Archaeol 1(1), 69–109

Northover, J P, 1999 The earliest metalworking in southern Britain, in A Hauptmann, E Pernicka, T Rehren & Ü Yalçin (eds), The Beginnings of Metallurgy Bochum: Deutsches Bergbau-Museum, Der Anschnitt, Beiheft 9, 211–26

Nowakowski, J A, 1991 Trethellan Farm, Newquay: excavation of a lowland Bronze Age settlement and Iron Age cemetery, Cornish Archaeol 30, 5–242

Nowakowski,  J,  2004  Archaeology  beneath  the Towns: Excavations at Gwithian, Cornwall 1949– 1969. Updated Project Design for Assessment, analysis and publication. HES/English Heritage: Unpublished

Nowakowski, J A & Quinell, H, 2011 Trevelgue Head Cornwall: The Importance of C K Croft Andrew’s 1939 Excavations for Prehistoric and Roman Cornwall Oxford: Oxbow Books

Nutley, D & Smith, T, 1995 Second Report on the Maritime Archaeological Investigation of the Convict Transport Hive (1820–1836) and the Schooner Blackbird (1828– 1836) New South Wales: NSW Department of Urban Affairs and Planning

O’Brien, W O, 2004 Bronze Age Studies 5: Ross Island Galway: National University of Ireland

O’Connor, B, 1980 Cross-Channel Relations in the Later Bronze Age Oxford: British Archaeological Reports International Series 91

O’Donnell, D P, 2009 Review, The Review of English Studies 60, 475–6

O’Sullivan, A, 2001 Foragers, Farmers and Fishers in a Coastal Landscape: An Intertidal Archaeological Survey of the Shannon Estuary. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy

O’Sullivan, A, 2004 Place, memory and identity among estuarine fishing communities: interpreting the archaeology of early medieval fish weirs, World Archaeol 35(3), 449–68

O’Sullivan, A, 2005 Medieval fishtraps on the Shannon estuary, Ireland: Interpreting people, place and identity amongst wetland communities, J Wetland Archaeol 35(3), 65–77

Ogborn, M, 2008 Global Lives: Britain and the World 1550–1800 Cambridge: Cambridge University Press Oppenheim, R 1896 Naval Accounts and Inventories of the Reign of Henry VII. London: Navy Records Society

Oppenheimer, S, 2007 The Origins of the British: The new prehistory of Britain and Ireland from Ice-Age hunter gatherers to the Vikings as revealed by DNA analysis London: Robinson (Constable)

Orange, H, 2008 Industrial Archaeology: Its place within the academic discipline, the public realm and the heritage industry, Industrial Archaeol Rev 30(2), 83–95

Orna-Ornstein, J, 1995 Money for Rome’s naval secrets, British Archaeol 8

Osborne, R, 2004 Hoards, Votives, Offerings: The archae- ology of the dedicated object, World Archaeol 26(1), 1–10

Ottaway, P J, 1992 Anglo-Scandinavian Ironwork from Coppergate The Archaeology of York: The Small Finds 17/6. London: York Archaeological Trust

Ottaway, P, 1993 Roman York London: Batsford/English Heritage

Ottaway, P J, 2009 The Flixborough tool hoard, in D H Evans & C Loveluck (eds), Life and Economy at Early Medieval Flixborough, c AD 600–1000 Excavations at Flixborough Volume 2. Oxford: Oxbow Books, 256–66 Otter, R A (ed), 1994 Civil Engineering Heritage: Southern England London: Thomas Telford

Otter, R A, 2002 The Construction of Dry Docks: Some nineteenth-century perspectives, Trans Newcomen Soc 73(B), 241–66

Otter, R A, 2004 The Construction of Dry Docks  to  World War I: The evidence of ‘The Engineer’, Trans Newcomen Soc 74(B), 197–213

Owen, N, 1991 Hazardous 1990–1991: Interim Report, Internat J Nautical Archaeol 20, 325–34

Oxley, I, 2005 Developments in Marine Archaeological Resource Management relevant to the  revision  of  the Eastern Counties Research Framework [working draft]

Oxley, I, & O’Regan, D, 2001 The Marine Archaeological Resource, IFA Paper 4

Pailler, Y & C Dupont, 2007 Analyse fonctionnelle des galets biseautés du Mésolithique à la fin du Néolithiue dans l’Ouest de la France, la Grande-Bretagne et l’Irelande, Bulletin de la Société Préhistorique Française 104(1), 31–54

Palma, P, 2005 Monitoring of Shipwreck Sites, Internat J Nautical Archaeol 34(2), 323–31

Palma, P, 2008 Monitoring of Shipwreck Sites: Monitor- ing Proceeding of the in situ Degradation Processes of a Marine Site in England, with Specific Attention to Woodborer’s Attack, in 3rd Symposium on the Pre- serving Archaeological Remains in situ (PARIS3), 7–9 December 2006 Amsterdam: The Institute for Geo- and Bioarchaeology, Vrije Universiteit

Palma, P & Gregory, D, 2004 Final Report: MoSS Project. Project Report. Helsinki, Finland: The National Board of Antiquities

Palmer, B, 2003 The Hinterlands of Three Southern Emporia: Some Common Themes, in Pestell & Ulm- schneider (eds) 2003, 48–61

Palmer, M, 2005 Understanding the Workplace: a Research Framework for Industrial Archaeology in Britain, Industrial Archaeol Rev 27(1), 9–19

Palmer, S, 1999 Culverwell Mesolithic Habitation Site, Isle of Portland, Dorset Oxford: British Archaeologi- cal Reports British Series 287

Palmer-Brown, C, 1993 Bronze Age salt production at Tetney, Current Archaeol 136, 143–5

Parfitt, K, 2004 A search for the prehistoric harbours of Kent, in Clark (ed) 2004, 99–105

Parfitt, K, 2012 Folkestone: Roman villa or Iron Age oppidum?, Current Archaeol 262, 22–9

Parfitt, S A, Barendregt, R W, Breda, M, Candy, I, Collins, M J, Coope, G R, Durbridge, P, Field, M H, Lee, J R, Lister, A M, Mutch, R, Penkman, K E H, Preece, R C, Rose, J, Stringer, C B, Symmons, R, Whittaker, J E Wymer, J J & Stuart, A J, 2005 The earliest record  of human activity in northern Europe, Nature 438, 1008–12

Parfitt, S A, Ashton, N M, Lewis, S G, Abel, R L, Coope, G R, Field, M H, Gale, R, Hoare, P G, Larkin, N R, Lewis, M D, Karloukovski, V, Maher, B A, Peglar, S M, Preece, R C, Whittaker, J E & Stringer, C B, 2010 Early Pleistocene human occupation at the edge of the boreal zone in northwest Europe, Nature 466, 229–33

Parham, D & Fitzpatrick, A P, forthcoming An Iron Age amphora recovered from St Albans Head Ledge, Dorset, England

Parker, A J, 1984 Shipwrecks and ancient trade in the Mediterranean, Archaeol Rev Cambridge 3, 99–113

Parker, A J, 1988 The birds of Roman Britain, Oxford J Archaeol 7, 197–226

Parker, A J, 1992 Cargoes, containers and stowage: The ancient Mediterranean, Internat J Nautical Archaeol 21, 89–100

Parker, V, 1971 The Making of Kings Lynn Oxford: Oxford University Press

Parker Pearson, M, 2003 The British and European context of Fiskerton, in Field & Parker Pearson 2003, 179–89

Parker Pearson, M & Sharples, N M, 1999 Between Land and Sea Excavations at Dun Vulan, South Uist. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press

Parker Pearson, M, Sharples, N M & Mulville, J, 1996 Brochs and Iron Age Society: A reappraisal, Antiquity 70(267), 57–67

Parkes, C, 2000 Fowey Estuary Historic Audit Truro: Cornwall Archaeological Unit

Parre, C, 2000 Bronze and the Bronze Age, in C Parre (ed), Metals make the world go round; the supply and cir- culation of metals in Bronze Age Europe, Proceedings of a Conference held at the University of Birmingham, June 1997 Oxford: Oxbow Books, 1–38

Parry, J, 1971 Trade and Dominion The European Overseas Empires in the Eighteenth Century London: Weidenfeld and Nicholson

Parsons, D, 1996 England and the Low Countries at the time of St Willibrord, in E de Bièvre (ed), Utrecht, Britain and the Continent: Archaeology, Art and Architecture. British Archaeological Association Con- ference Transactions 18. Leeds: Maney, 30–48

Partridge, C, 1979 Excavations at Puckeridge and Braughing 1975–9, Hertfordshire Archaeol 7, 28–132

Paul, K, 1997 Whitewashing Britain: Race and citizenship in the post-war era Ithaca, NY & London: Cornell University Press

Pawley, S M, Bailey, R M, Rose, J, Moorlock, B S P, Hamblin, R J O, Booth, S J & Lee, J R, 2008 Age limits on Middle Pleistocene glacial sediments from OSL dating, north Norfolk, UK, Quaternary Sci Rev 27, 1363–77

Pawlyn, A, 2000 Fisheries of the West Country and Wales, c 1880 to 2000 – The West Country, in Starkey et al (eds) 2000, 197–201

Payton, P, 2005 The Cornish Overseas: A History of Corn- wall’s Great Emigration Cornwall: Fowey

Peacock, J D, 1995 Late Devensian to early Holocene palaeoenvironmental changes in the Viking Bank area, Northern North Sea, Quaternary Sci Rev 14, 1029–42

Pearson, A, 2002a The Roman Shore Forts: Coastal Defences of Southern Britain Stroud: Tempus

Pearson, A, 2002b Construction of the Saxon Shore Forts Oxford: British Archaeological Reports British Series 349

Pearson, A, 2005 Barbarian piracy and the Saxon Shore: A Reappraisal, Oxford J Archaeol 24(1), 73–88

Pearson, A, 2006 Piracy in late Roman Britain: A perspec- tive from the Viking Age, Britannia 36, 337–53

Pedersen, L, Fischer, A & Aaby, B, 1997 The Danish Storebaelt since the Ice Age: Man, Sea and Forest Copenhagen: Storebaelt Publications

Peeters, H, 2007 Hoge Vaart-A27 in context: Towards a model of Mesolithic-Neolithic land use dynamics as a framework for archaeological heritage managament Amersfoort: Rijksdienst voor Archeologie, Cultur- landschap en Monumenten

Peeters, H, Murphy, P, Flemming, N C (eds), 2009 North Sea Prehistory Research and Management Framework (NSPRMF) Rijksdienst voor het Cultureel Erfgoed/ English Heritage

Peltier, W R & Fairbanks, RG, 2006 Global glacial ice volume and Last Glacial Maximum duration from an extended Barbados sea level record, Quaternary Sci Rev 25(23–4), 3322–37

Peltier, W R, Shennan, L, Drummond, R & Horton, B, 2002 On the postglacial isostatic adjustment of the British Isles and the shallow viscoelastic structure of the Earth, Geophys J Internat 148 (3), 443–75

Penhallurick, R D, 1986 Tin in Antiquity: its Mining and Trade Throughout the Ancient World with Particu- lar Reference to Cornwall. London: The Institute of Metals

Perkins, D, 2006 Prehistoric maritime traffic in the Dover Straits and Wantsum, Archaeologia Cantiana 126, 279–93

Pestell, T & Ulmschneider, K (eds), 2003 Markets in Early Medieval Europe: Trading and Productive Sites, 650– 850. Macclesfield: Windgather

Pétrequin, P, Cassen, S, Croutsch, C, & Errera, M, 2002 La valorisation sociale des longues haches dans l’Europe Néolitique, in J Guilaine (ed), Matériaux, production, circulations du Néolitique à l’Âge du Bronze Paris: Errance edn, 67–98

Pétrequin, P, Errera, M, Pétrequin, A-M, & Allard, P, 2006 The Neolithic quarries of Mont Viso, Piedmont, Italy: initial radiocarbon dates, European J Archaeol 9, 7–30

Pettitt, P B, Gamble, C S & Last, J (eds), 2008 Research and Conservation Framework for the British Palaeo- lithic London: English Heritage

Petts, D, 1998 Landscape and cultural identity in Roman Britain, in J Berry & R Laurence, Cultural Identity in the Roman Empire. London: Routledge, 79–94

Petts, D & Gerrard, C, 2006 Shared Vision The North East Regional Research Framework for the Historic Environment Durham: Durham City Council

Phillips, C W (ed), 1970 The Fenland in Roman Times: Studies of a Major Area of Peasant Colonization with a Gazetteer covering known Sites and Finds London: Royal Geographical Society Research Series 5

Philp, B, 1981 The Roman Forts of the Classis Britan-  nica at Dover 1970–77 Dover: Kent Archaeological Research Unit Research Report 3

Philp, B, 1996 The Roman Fort at Reculver Canterbury: Kent Archaeological Rescue Unit

Philp, B, 2003 The Discovery and Excavation of Anglo- Saxon Dover Canterbury: Kent Archaeological Rescue Unit

Philp, B, 2005 The Excavation of the Roman Fort at Reculver, Kent Dover: Kent Archaeological Rescue Unit

Pickard, C & Bonsall, C, 2004 Deep-sea fishing in the European Mesolithic: fact or fantasy?, European J Archaeol 7(3), 273–90

Pirazzoli, P A, 1998 Sea-Level Changes: The Last 20,000 Years Chichester: John Wiley & Sons

Pirrie, D, Matthew, R Power, P, Wheeler, D, Cundy, A, Bridges, C & Davey, G, 2002 Geochemical signature of historical mining: Fowey Estuary, Cornwall, UK, J Geochemical Exploration 76(1), 31–2

Pitt, K & Goodburn, D, 2003 18th- and 19th-century shipyards at the south-east entrance to the West India Docks, Internat J Nautical Archaeol 32(2), 191–209

Platt, C, 1973 Medieval Southampton: The Port and Trading Community, AD 1000–1600 London: Routledge and Kegan Paul

Platt, C, 1976 The English Medieval Town London: Secker and Warburg

Platt, C, 1997 King Death. Guildford: UCL Press

Platt, C & Coleman-Smith, K, 1975 Excavations at Medieval Southampton, 1953–1969. Leicester: Leicester University Press

Plets, R M K, Dix, J K, Bastos, A & Best, A I, 2007 Char- acterization of buried inundated peat on seismic (Chirp) data, inferred from core information, Archaeol Prospection 14(4), 1–12

Plets, R M K, Dix, J K & Best, A I, 2008  Mapping  of  the buried Yarmouth Roads wreck, Isle of  Wight, UK, using a Chirp Sub-Bottom Profiler, Internat J Nautical Archaeol 37(2), 360–73

Plets, R M K, Dix, J K, Adams, J R, Bull, J M, Henstock, T J, Gutowski, M & Best, A I, 2009 The use of a high-resolution 3D Chirp sub-bottom profiler for the reconstruction of the shallow water archaeological site of the Grace Dieu (1439), River Hamble, UK, J Archaeol Sci 36, 408–18

Plets, R, Quinn, R, Forsythe, W, Westley, K, Bell, T, Benetti, S, McGrath, F & Robinson, R, 2011 Using Multibeam Echo-Sounder Data to Identify Shipwreck Sites: Archaeological assessment of the Joint Irish Bathy- metric Survey data, Internat J Nautical Archaeol 40(1), 87–98

Plets, R M K, Dix, J K & Bates, R, in press Marine Geophysics Data Acquisition, Processing and Interpretation Guidance Notes English Heritage

Pluciennik, M, 1998 Deconstructing ‘the Neolithic’ in the Mesolithic-Neolithic transition, in M Edmonds & C Richards (eds), Understanding the Neolithic of North- West Europe Glasgow: Cruithne Press, 61–83

Polanyi, K, 1963 Ports of trade in early societies, J Economic Hist 23, 30–45

Polanyi, K & Polanyi, I, 1978 Trade, markets and money in the European Middle Ages, Norwegian Archaeol Rev 11, 92–6

Pollard, C J & Healy, F, 2008 Neolithic and Early Bronze Age, in C J Webster (ed), The Archaeology of South West England Taunton: Somerset County Council

Pollard, J, 2000 Ancestral places in the Mesolithic landscape, in C Conneller (ed), New approches to the Palaeolithic and Mesolithic. Cambridge: Archaeologi- cal Review from Cambridge 17(1), 123–38

Pollard, J, 2008 The Construction of Prehistoric Britain, in J Pollard (ed), Prehistoric Britain Oxford: Blackwell

Pollard, T, 1996 Time and tide: coastal environments, cosmology and ritual practice in early prehistoric Scotland, in T Pollard & A Morrison (ed), The Early Prehistory of Scotland Edinburgh: Edinburgh Uni- versity Press, 198–212

Pomper, P, 1995 World History and its Critics, in P Pomper, R Elphick & R Vann (eds), World Histori- ans and Their Critics Middletown, Conn: Wesleyan University, 1–7

Potter, P, 1999 Historical Archaeology and Identity in modern America, in M Leone & P Potter Jr (eds), Historical Archaeologies of Capitalism New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers

Potter, T W, 1981 The Roman occupation of the central Fenland, Britannia 12, 79–134

Powell, A B, 2009 Two thousand years of salt making at Lymington, Hampshire, Proc Hampshire Field Club and Archaeol Soc 64, 9–40

Pownall, T, 1778 Memoire on the Roman Earthenware fished up within the mouth of the River Thames, Archaeologia 5, 282–90

Preece, R C, 1980 The biostratigraphy and dating of the tufa deposit at the Mesolithic site at Blashenwell, Dorset, England, J Archaeol Sci 7, 345–62

Preece, R C, Parfitt, S A, Coope, G R, Penkman, K E, Ponel, P & Whittaker, J E, 2009 Biostratigraphic and ami- nostratigraphic constraints on the age of the Middle Pleistocene glacial succession in north Norfolk, UK, J Quaternary Sci 24(6), 557–80

Prehistoric Society, 1999 Research Priorities for the Pal- aeolithic and Mesolithic London: Prehistoric Society Proctor, J, 2009 Pegswood Moor, Morpeth: A Later Iron Age and Romano-British Farmstead Settlement. London: Pre-Construct Archaeology Ltd

Proctor, J, forthcoming Excavations at Berwick Indus- trial Estate, Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumberland: A Later Iron Age and Romano-British Settlement. London: Pre-Construct Archaeology

Pryor, F M M, 1992 Current research at Flag Fen, Antiquity 66 (251), 439–57

Pryor, F M M, 1996 Sheep, stockyards and field systems: Bronze Age livestock populations in the Fenlands of eastern England, Antiquity 70, 313–24

Pryor, F M M, 2001 The Flag Fen Basin: archaeology and environment of a fenland landscape. London: English Heritage

Pryor, F, 2002 Seahenge: A Quest for Life and Death in Bronze Age Britain London: Harper Collins

Pryor, F, 2004 Some thoughts on boats as Bronze Age artifacts, in Clark 2004

Pucci, G, 1983 Pottery and trade in the Roman period, in P Garnsey, K Hopkins & C R Whittaker (eds), Trade in the Ancient Economy London: Chatto & Windus, 105–17

Pye, K & Blott, S J, 2006 Coastal process and morphologi- cal changes in the Dunwich-Sizewell Area, Suffolk, UK, J Coastal Research 22(3), 453–75

Quinn, D B, 1937–38 Southampton Port Books, 1469–71 and 1477–81 Southampton: Southampton Record Society

Quinn, R, 2006 The role of scour in shipwreck site formation processes and the preservation of wreck- associated scour signatures in the sedimentary record – evidence from seabed and sub-surface data, J Archaeol Sci 33, 1419–32

Quinn, R, Bull, J M, Dix, J K & Adams, J R, 1997 The Mary Rose site – geophysical evidence for palaeo- scour marks, Internat J Nautical Archaeol 26(1), 3–16

Rackham, J, 2007 in R Daniels & C Loveluck (eds) Anglo- Saxon Hartlepool and the Foundations of English Christianity Newcastle: Tees Archaeology

Rackham, O, 1986 The History of the Countryside: The full fascinating story of Britain’s landscape London: J M Dent & Sons Ltd

Raftery, B, 1994 Pagan Celtic Ireland: The enigma of the Irish Iron Age. London: Thames & Hudson

Rainbird, P, 2007 The Archaeology of Islands New York: Cambridge University Press

Rangecroft, T, Dix, J & Lambkin, D, 2008 Artefact scale physical processes in marine site formation 6th World Archaeology Congress 2008. Dublin, 150

Ransley, J, 2002 Contextual Analysis of Prehistoric Logboats. University of Southampton: Unpublished MA dissertation

Ransley, J, 2010 In response to Pedersen’s ‘A Clench- Fastened Boat in Kerala’: A revealing boat narrative not a ‘new’ type of boat, Internat J Nautical Archaeol 39(2), 423–31

Ransley, J, 2011 Maritime Communities and Traditions, in A Catsambis, B L Ford & D L Hamilton (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Maritime Archaeology New York: Oxford University Press, 879–903

Rapp, G & Hill, C, 1998 Geoarchaeology: The Earth Science Approach to Archaeological Interpretation London: Yale University Press

Ratcliffe, J, 1997 Fal Estuary Historic Audit Cornwall County Council: Cornwall Archaeological Unit

Rediker, M, 1987 Between the Devil and the Deep Blue Sea: Merchant Seamen, Pirates and the Anglo-American Maritime World, 1700–1750 Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Redknap, M (ed), 1997 Artefacts from Wrecks: Dated Assemblages from the Late Middle Ages to the Indus- trial Revolution Oxford: Oxbow Books

Redknap M, 2000 Vikings in Wales: An Archaeological Quest. Cardiff: National Museums and Galleries of Wales

Redknap, M & Fleming, M, 1985 The Goodwins Archaeological Survey: Towards a regional marine site register in Britain, World Archaeol 16(3), 312–28

Reeves, A, 1995 Romney Marsh: The Fieldwalking Evidence, in Eddison 1995, 78–91

Reid, C, 1913 Submerged Forests Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Reid, C, 2000 From Trawler to Table: The Fish Trades of the late Nineteenth Century, in Starkey et al (eds) 2000, 157–65

Reilly, J C, 1975 Ships of the United States Navy: Chris- tening, Launching and Commissioning Washington: Naval History Division

Reinders, R, 1985 Cog finds from the Ijsselmeer polders, Flevoberich 248. Lelystad

Renfrew, C, 1975 Trade as action at a distance: questions of integration and communication, in J Sabloff & C C Lamberg-Karlovsky (eds), Ancient Civilisation and Trade. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico, 3–59

Rennison, R W (ed), 1996 Civil Engineering Heritage: Northern England London: Thomas Telford

Revell, L, 2009 Roman Imperialims and Local Identities Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Reynolds, A, 2000 Helford Estuary Historic Audit Truro: Cornwall Archaeological Unit

Richards, M P & Hedges, R E M, 1999 A Neolithic revolu- tion? New evidence of diet in the British Neolithic, Antiquity 73, 891–6

Richards, M P & Mellars, P, 1998 Stable isotopes and the seasonality of the Oronsay middens, Antiquity 72, 178–84

Richards, M & Schulting, R, 2006 Touch not the fish: The Mesolithic-Neolithic change of diet and its signifi- cance, Antiquity 80(308), 444–56

Richards, M P, Jacobi, R, Cook, J, Pettitt, P B & Stringer, C B, 2005 Isotope evidence for the intensive use of marine foods by Late Upper Palaeolithic humans, J Human Evolution 49, 390–4

Richardson, J, nd Bronze Age cremations, Iron Age and Roman settlement and early mediaeval inhumations at the Langeled Receiving Facilities, Easington, East Riding of Yorkshire. http://archaeologydataservice. pdf/archaeol11-90485_1.pdf

Riddler, I, 1998 Worked whale vertebrae, Archaeologia Cantiana 118, 205–15

Ridgeway, V, 2000 A Medieval saltern mount at Millfield, Bramber, West Sussex, Sussex Archaeol Coll 138, 135–52

Riley, W & Gomme, L, 1912 Ship of the Roman Period dis- covered on the Site of the New County Hall, London London

Rippon, S, 1996 The Gwent Levels: the evolution of a wetland landscape York: Council for British Archae- ology Research Report 105

Rippon, S, 1997 The Severn Estuary: Landscape Evolution and Wetland Reclamation. Leicester: Leicester University Press

Rippon, S, 2000 The Transformation of Coastal Wetlands: Exploitation and Management of Marshland Land- scapes in North West Europe During the Roman and Medieval Periods. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Rippon, S, 2001a Estuarine Archaeology: The Severn and beyond, in Rippon (ed) 2001b, 145–61

Rippon, S (ed), 2001b Estuarine Archaeology: the Severn and Beyond – Archaeology in the Severn Estuary No 11. Bristol: The Severn Estuary Levels Research Committee

Rippon, S, 2002 Romney Marsh: evolution of the historic landscape and its wider setting, in Long, Hipkin & Clarke (eds) 2002, 84–100

Rippon, S, 2006 Landscape, Community and Colonisation: the North Somerset Levels during the 1st and 2nd millennia AD. York: Council for British Archaeology Research Report 152

Rippon, S, 2008 Coastal trade in Roman Britain: The investigation of Crandon Bridge, Somerset; a Romano-British trans-shipment port beside the Severn Estuary, Britannia 39, 89–144

Ritchie, N, 2003 ‘In-Sites,’ Historical Archaeology in Australasia: Some comparisons with the American colonial experience, Historical Archaeol 37, 6–19

Ritchie, W, 1966 The post-glacial rise in sea-level and coastal changes in the Uists, Trans Institute Brit Geographers 39, 79–86

Ritchie-Noakes, N, 1984 Liverpool’s Historic Waterfront: The World’s First Mercantile Dock System London: HMSO

Roberts, B & Wrathmell, S, 2000 An Atlas of Rural Settle- ment in England. London: English Heritage

Roberts, D H, Dackombe, R V & Thomas, G S P, 2007 Palaeo ice streaming in the central sector of the British- Irish Ice Sheet during the Last Glacial Maximum: Evidence from the northern Irish Sea Basin, Boreas 36, 115–29

Roberts, M & Parfitt, S, 1999 Boxgrove A Middle Pleis- tocene hominid site at Eartham Quarry, Boxgrove, West Sussex London: English Heritage

Roberts, O T P, 2002 Accident not intention: Llyn Cerrig Bach, Isle of Anglesey, Wales – site of an Iron Age shipwreck, Internat J Nautical Archaeol 31(1), 25–38

Roberts, O, 2004 Llong Casnewydd: the Newport Ship – A Personal View, Internat J Nautical Archaeol 33(1), 158–63

Roberts, P & Trow, S, 2002 Taking to the Water: English Heritage’s Initial Policy for the Management of Maritime Archaeology in England London: English Heritage

Robertson, D & Crawley, P, 2005 Norfolk Rapid Coastal Zone Archaeological Survey. Norfolk: Norfolk Archaeological Unit

Robinson, D, 1993 Natural regions, in S Bennett & N Bennett (eds), Historical Atlas of Lincolnshire. Lincoln: Society for Lincolnshire History and Archaeology, 8–9

Robinson, G, 2007 The Prehistoric Island Landscapes of the Isles of Scilly. Oxford: Archaeopress

Robinson, R, 1987 A History of the Yorkshire Coast Fishing Industry 1780–1914. Hull: Hull University Press

Rochon, A, de Vernal, A, Sejrup, H P & Haflidason, H, 1998 Palynological evidence of climatic and oceanographic changes in the North Sea during the last deglacia- tion, Quaternary Research 49, 197–207

Rodger, N A M, 1997 Appendix III: Medieval Fleets, in The Safeguard of the Sea: A Naval History of Britain 660–1649. London: Harper Collins, 490–7

Rodger, N A M, 2004 The Command of the Ocean A Naval History of Britain 1649–1815 London:  Penguin Books

Roe, F, 2000 Worked stone, in J C Barrett, P W M Freeman & A Woodward, Cadbury Castle, Somerset: The later prehistoric and early historic archaeology London: English Heritage, 262–9

Rogers, N S H, 1993 Anglian and Other Finds from Fishergate The Archaeology of York: The Small Finds 17/9. London: York Archaeological Trust

Rohl, B & Needham, S, 1998 The Circulation of Metal in the British Bronze Age London: British Museum Press

Rohling, E J, Grant, K, Hemleben, C, Siddall, M, Hoogakker, B, Bolshaw, M & Kucera, M, 2008 High rates of sea- level rise during the last interglacial period, Nature Geoscience 1, 38–42

Rohling, E J, Grant, K, Bolshaw, M, Roberts, A P, Siddall, M, Hemleben, C & Kucera, M, 2009 Antarctic tem- perature and global sea level closely coupled over the past five glacial cycles, Nature Geoscience 2, 500–4

Rönnby, J & Adams, J, 1994 Osterjons Sjunkna Skepp: En mainarkeolisk tidresa Stockholm: Tiden

Rose, J, 2009 Early and Middle Pleistocene landscapes of eastern England, Proc Geol Assoc 120, 3–33

Rose, S, 1982 The Navy of the Lancastrian Kings. London: Navy Records Society

Rose, S, 2007 The Medieval Sea. London and New York: Hambledon Continuum

Rose, S, 2008 Calais: An English Town in France, 1347– 1558 Woodbridge: Boydell

Rose, S, 2011 The Wine Trade in Medieval Europe 1000– 1500 London: Continuum

Rotherham, I D, 2009 Peat and Peat-Cutting. Oxford: Shire Library

Rowlands, N J, 1980 Kinship, alliance and exchange in the European Bronze Age, in J Barrett & R Bradley (eds), Settlement and Society in the British Later Bronze Age Oxford: British Archaeological Reports British Series 83

Rowley, T, 2006 The English Landscape in the Twentieth Century London: Hambledon Continuum

Rowley-Conwy, P, 1983 Sedentary hunters: the Ertebølle example, in G Bailey (ed), Hunter-Gatherers in Prehistory: A European Prospective Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 111–26

Rudkin, D J, 1975 The Emsworth Oyster Fleet: Industry and Shipping Chichester: Rudkin

Rule, M & Monaghan, J, 1993 A Gallo-Roman Trading Vessel from Guernsey: The Excavation and Recovery of a Third Century Shipwreck Guernsey: Guernsey Museum Monograph 5

Salway, P, 1981 Roman Britain Oxford: Clarendon Press

Sandahl, B, 1951 Middle English Sea Terms Uppsala: Lundequistska Bokhandeln

Sandahl, B, 1958 Middle English Sea Terms Uppsala: Lundequistska Bokhandeln

Sandahl, B, 1982 Middle English Sea Terms Uppsala: Lundequistska Bokhandeln

Sarsfield, J P, 1991 Master Frame and Ribbands. A Brazilian case study with an overview of this wide- spread traditional carvel design and building system, in R Reinders & K Paul (eds), Carvel Construction Technique Oxbow Monograph 12. Oxford: Oxbow Books, 137–145

Satchell, J, 2009a Securing a Future for Maritime Archae- ological Archives – Element One: Mapping Maritime Collections Hampshire and Wight Trust for Maritime Archaeology Report. Available at http://www.hwtma. [Accessed 13/08/2012]

Satchell, J, 2009b Securing a Future for Maritime Archaeological Archives – Element Two: Review of Maritime Archaeological Archives  and  Access  Hampshire and Wight Trust for Maritime Archaeology Report. Available at [Accessed 13/08/2012]

Satchell, J, 2009c Securing a Future for Maritime Archae- ological Archives – Element Three: Analysing present and Assessing future archives creation Hampshire and Wight Trust for Maritime Archaeology Report. Available at [Accessed 13/08/2012]

Saunders, N J, 2007 Killing Time: Archaeology and the First World War Stroud: Sutton

Saville, A, 2003 A flint core from Wig Sands, Kirkcolm, near Stranraer and a consideration of the absence of core-tools in the Scottish Mesolithic, Trans Dumfries- shire and Galloway Nat Hist and Antiq Soc, Third Series 77, 13–22

Saville, A, 2004 The Material Culture of Mesolithic Scotland, in A Saville (ed), Mesolithic Scotland and its Neighbours: The early Holocene prehistory of Scotland, its British and Irish context and some Northern European perspectives Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 185–220

Sayers, W, 2004 Sails in the North: further linguistic con- siderations, Internat J Nautical Archaeol 33, 348

Scaife, R G, 2000 Palaeo-environmental investigations of the submerged sediment archives in the West Solent at Bouldnor and Yarmouth, in R G McInnes, R G Tomalin & J Jakeways (eds), Coastal Change, Climate and Instability: European Commission LIFE project Isle of Wight Council, 13–26

Scaife, R G, 2004 Bouldnor 2003: A pollen assessment of the monolith profiles

Scaife, R G, 2005 Bouldnor 2004: Pollen analysis of sites BCV04 BCV05

Scales, R, 2007 Footprint-tracks of people and animals, in Bell (ed) 2007, 139–59

Schalk, R F, 1979 Land use and organizational complex- ity among foragers of Northwestern North America, in S Koyama & D H Thomas (eds), Affluent Foragers: Pacific Coasts East and West Osaka: National Museum of Ethnology/Senri Ethnological Studies 9, 53–75

Schmid, P, 1991 Mittelalterliche Besiedlung, Deich- und Landesausbau im niedersächsichen Marschgebiet, in H W Böhme (ed), Siedlungen und Landesbau zur Sali- erzeit I: in der Nördlichen Landschaften des Reiches. Sigmarinen, 9–36

Schofield, J, 2004 Modern Military Matters: Studying and managing twentieth-century  defence  heritage  in Britain: A discussion document York: Council for British Archaeology

Schofield, J & A Vince, 1994 Medieval Towns The Archae- ology of British Towns in their European Setting. Chippenham: Equinox

Schön, M, 1999 Feddersen Wierde, Fallward, Flögeln Archäologie im Museum Burg Bederkesa Landkreis Cuxhaven, Bremerhaven: Museum Burg Bederkesa

Schreve, D, 2001 Differentiation of the British late Middle Pleistocene interglacials: the evidence from mammalian biostratigraphy, Quaternary Sci Rev 20, 1693–1705

Schroedl, G & Ahlman, T, 2002 The maintenance of cultural and personal identities of enslaved Africans and British soldiers at the Brimstone Hill Fortress, St Kitts, West Indies, Historical Archaeol 36, 38–49

Schulting, R J, 2005 ‘…pursuing a rabbit in Burrington Combe’: New research on the Early Mesolithic burial cave of Aveline’s Hole, Proc Univ Bristol Spelaeologi- cal Soc 23(3), 171–265

Schulting, R J, 2009 Worm’s Head and Caldey island (South Wales, UK) and the question of Mesolithic territories, in S McCarton, R Schulting, G Warren & P Woodman (eds), Mesolithic Horizons Oxford: Oxbow Books, 354–61

Schulting, R J, & Richards, M P, 2002 Finding the coastal Mesolithic in southwest Britain: AMS dates and stable isotope results on human remains from Caldey Island, Pembrokeshire, South Wales, Antiquity 76, 1011–25

Schulting, R J & Richards, M P, 2009 Dogs, divers, deer and diet. Stable isotope results from Star Carr and a response to Dark, J Archaeol Sci 36, 498–503

Schulting, R J, Trinkhause, E, Higham, T, Hedges, R, Richards, M & Cardy, B, 2005 A Mid-Upper Palaeo- lithic human humerus from Eel Point, South Wales, UK, J Human Evolution 48, 493–505

Scull, C, 2009 Early Medieval (late 5th–early 8th centuries AD) Cemeteries at Boss Hall and Buttermarket, Ipswich, Suffolk Leeds: Maney/Society for Medieval Archaeology Monograph 27

Scuvée, F & Verague, J, 1988 Le gisement sous-marine du Paléolithique Moyen de l’anse de la Mondrée à Fer- manville (Manche). Cherbourg: Ministère des Affaires Culturelles

Seal, J, 2003 Building a copy of the Gokstad Faering, Internat J Nautical Archaeol 32(2), 238–45

Sealey, P R, 1995 New light on the salt industry and Red Hills of prehistoric and Roman Essex, Essex Archaeol and Hist 26, 65–81

Sealey, P R, 1997 The Iron Age in Essex, in O Bedwin (ed), The Archaeology of Essex Chelmsford: Essex County Council, 46–68

Sealey, P R & Tyers, P A, 1989 Olives from Roman Spain: A unique amphora find in British waters, Antiq J 69(1), 53–72

Sear, D, Murdock, A, Donegha, G & LeBas, T, 2009 Dunwich 2008 Project Report Available online at [Accessed 13/08/2012]

SeaZone Solutions Limited, University of Southampton, 2012 AMAP 2 – Characterising the Potential for Wrecks [data-set]. York: Archaeological Data Service [distributor] (doi:10.5284/1011896)

Sebire, H, 2004 The management of the maritime archaeological heritage in the Bailiwick of Guernsey: a case study, Internat J Nautical Archaeol 33(2), 338–47

Sejrup, H P, Nygård, A, Hall, A M & Haflidason, H, 2009 Middle and Late Weichselian (Devensian) glacia- tion history of south-western Norway, North Sea and eastern UK, Quaternary Sci Rev 28, 370–80

Serjeantson, D, 1988 Archaeological and ethnographic evidence for seabird exploitation in Scotland, Archaeozoologia 11(1/2), 209–24

Serjeantson, D, 1991 Bird bone, in B W Cunliffe & C Poole (eds), Danebury: An Iron Age Hillfort in Hampshire Vol 5 London: Council for British Archaeology, 459–81

Serjeantson, D, 2006 Animal remains, in C Evans & I Hodder, Marshland Communities and Cultural Land- scapes: The Haddenham Project Vol 2. Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, 213–46

Severin, T, 1978 The Brendan Voyage. London: Arrow Books

Shackleton, N J, Hall, M A & Vincent, E, 2000 Phase relationships between millennial-scale events 64,000– 24,000 years ago, Paleoceanography 15(6), 565–9

Sharples, N M, 1990 Late Iron Age society and Continental trade in Dorset, in A Duval, J P Le Bihan, & Y Menez, (eds), Les Gaulois D’Armorique, Actes du XIIe Colloque de I’A F E A F , Quimper, Mai 1988, Revue Archeologique de l’Ouest, supplement 3

Sharples, N M, 1991 Maiden Castle Excavations and Field Survey 1985–6 London: English Heritage Archaeo- logical Report 19

Shennan, I, 1989 Holocene crustal movements and sea level changes in Great Britain, J Quaternary Sci 4, 77–89

Shennan, I & Andrews, J, 2000 Holocene Land-Ocean Interaction and Environmental Change around the North Sea London: Geographical Society of London

Shennan, I & Horton, B, 2002 Holocene land- and sea- level changes in Great Britain, J Quaternary Sci 17, 511–26

Shennan, I, Lambeck, K, Flather, R, Horton, B, McArthur, J, Innes, J, Lloyd, J, Rutherford, M & Wingfield, R, 2000 Modelling western North Sea palaeogeographies and tidal changes during the Holocene, in Shennan & Andrews (eds) 2000, 299–319

Shennan, I, Peltier, W R, Drummond, R & Horton, B P, 2002 Global to local scale  parameters  determining relative sea-level changes and the post-glacial isostatic adjustment of Great Britain, Quaternary Sci Rev 21, 397–408

Shennan, I, Bradley, S, Milne, G, Brooks, A, Bassett, S & Hamilton, S, 2006 Relative sea-level changes, glacial isostatic modelling and ice sheet reconstructions from the British Isles since the Last Glacial Maximum, J Quaternary Sci 21(6), 585–99

Shennan, I, Brooks, A J, Bradley, S L, Edwards, R J, Milne, G A & Horton, B, 2008 Postglacial relative sea-level observations from Ireland and their role in glacial rebound modeling, J Quaternary Sci 23, 175–92

Shennan, S, 1982 Exchange and ranking: The role of amber in the earlier Bronze Age of Europe, in C Renfrew & S Shennan (eds), Ranking, Resource and Exchange: Aspects of the Archaeology of Early European Societies Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 33–43

Shennan, S, 1988 Quantifying Archaeology Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press

Sheppard, T, 1912 The Lost Towns of the Yorkshire Coast. London: Brown & Sons

Sheridan, A, 2003a French Connections I: Spreading the marmites thinly, in I Armit, E Murphy, E Nelis & D Simpson (eds), Neolithic Settlement in Ireland and Western Britain Oxford: Oxbow Books, 3–17

Sheridan, A, 2003b Ireland’s earliest passage tombs: A French connection?, in G Burenhult & S Westergaard (eds), Stones and Bones: Formal Disposal of the Dead in Atlantic Europe during the Mesolithic-Neolithic Interface, 6000–3000 BC Oxford: British Archaeologi- cal Reports International Series 1201, 9–25

Sheridan, A, 2007 From Picardie to Pickering and Pencraig Hill? New information on the ‘Carinated Bowl Neolithic’ in northern Britain, in A Whittle & V Cummings (eds), Going Over: the Mesolithic-Neolithic Transition in North-West Europe Oxford: Oxbow Books, 441–92

Sherlock, S J & Vyner, B, forthcoming Iron Age Salt- working on the Yorkshire Coast

Shrubsole, G W, 1887 The Traffic  between  Deva  and the Coast of North Wales in Roman times, Chester Archaeol and Hist Soc J, New Series 1, 71–113

Siddall, M, Rohling, E J, Almogi-Labin, A, Hemleben, C, Meischner, D, Schmelzer, I & Smeed, D A, 2003 Sea- level fluctuations during the last glacial cycle, Nature 423, 853–8

Sidell, J, Wilkinson, K, Scaife, R & Cameron, N, 2000 The Holocene Evolution of the London Thames London: Museum of London Monograph 5

Silvester, R, 1981 An Excavation on the Post-Roman site at Bantham, South Devon, Proc Devon Archaeol Soc 39, 89–119

Silvester, R, 1988 The Fenland Project Number 3: Marshland and the Nar Valley, Norfolk Dereham: East Anglian Archaeological Report 45

Simmons, B B, 1980 The Iron Age and Roman coasts around the Wash, in F H Thompson (ed), Archaeology and Coastal Change. London: The Society of Anti- quaries of London Occasional Papers (New Series) 1, 56–73

Simmons, I G, 1996  The  Environmental  Impact  of Later Mesolithic Cultures: the creation of moorland landscape in England and Wales Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press

Simon, A L, 1907 A History of the Wine Trade in England Volume I. London: Kessinger Publishing Legacy Reprints

Sindbæk, S M, 2007 Networks and nodal points: the emergence of towns in early Viking Age Scandinavia, Antiquity 81, 119–32

Skaarup, J & Grøn, O, 2004 Møllegabet II A submerged Mesolithic settlement in southern Denmark. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports International Series 1328

Smith, C R, 1850 Antiquaries of Richborough, Reculver and Lympne. London: J R Smith

Smith, D (ed), 2001 Civil Engineering Heritage: London and the Thames Valley London: Thomas Telford

Smith, D E, Shi, S, Cullingford, R, Dawson, A, Dawson, S, Firth, C, Foster, I, Fretwell, P, Haggart, B, Holloway, L & Long, D, 2004 The Holocene Storegga Slide tsunami in the United Kingdom, Quaternary Sci Rev 23, 2291–2311

Smith, H, 1999 The plant remains, in Parker Pearson & Sharples (eds) 1999, 297–336

So, C-L, 1963 Some Aspects of the Form and Origin of the Coastal Features of North-East Kent. University of London: Unpublished PhD Thesis

Somerville, E, forthcoming Oysters from Redcliff, in J Creighton and S Willis Excavations and Survey at Redcliff-North Ferriby

Souza, D J, 1998 The Persistence of Sail in the Age of Steam: Underwater archaeological evidence from the Dry Tortugas New York: Plenum Press

Spall, C A & Toop, N J, 2008 Before Eoforwic: New light on York in the 6th–7th centuries, Medieval Archaeol 52, 1–25

Spaul, J E H, 2002 Classes Imperii Romani: an epigraphic examination of the men of the Imperial Roman navy. Andover: Nectoreca Press

Spencer, C, Plater, A & Long, A, 1998 Holocene Barrier Estuary Evolution: the Sedimentary Record of Walland Marsh, in Eddison et al 1988, 13–30

Spikins, P A, 2000 Mesolithic Northern England: Envi- ronment, population, settlement Oxford: British Archaeological Reports British Series 283

Spurrell, F C J 1885 Early sites and embankments on the margins of the Thames Estuary, Archaeol J 42, 269–302

Stammers, M, 1999 Liverpool Docks Stroud: Tempus Stammers, M, 2007 The Industrial Archaeology of Docks and Harbours Stroud: Tempus

Staniforth, M, 1999 Dependent Colonies: The importation of material culture and the establishment of a consumer society in Australia before 1850. Adelaide: PhD Thesis submitted at the Department of Archaeology, School of Humanities, Flinders University of South Australia

Staniforth, M, 2000 The Wreck of the William Salthouse, 1841: Early trade between Canada and Australia, Urban Hist Rev 28, 19–31

Staniforth, M, 2001 Dependent Colonies: The importation of material culture into the Australian Colonies (1799–1850), in  M  Staniforth  &  M Hyde (eds), Maritime Archaeology in Australia: A Reader South Australia: Southern Archaeology, Blackwood

Staniforth, M, 2003a The Inconstant Girls: The migration experience of nearly 200 Irish orphan girls and young women sent to Adelaide in 1849 aboard the barque Inconstant, in S Williams, D Loneragen, R Hosking, L Deane & N Bierbaum (eds), The Regenerative Spirit Adelaide: Lythrum Press

Staniforth, M, 2003b Material Culture and Consumer Society: Dependent Colonies in Colonial Australia New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers

Staniforth, M & Nash, M, 1998 Chinese Export Porcelain from the Wreck of the Sydney Cove (1797) Gundaroo, NSW: Brolga Press

Starkey, D J, 1994 The Ports, Seaborne Trade and Shipping Industry of South Devon, 1786–1914, in M Duffy, S Fisher, B Greenhill, D J Starkey & J Youings (eds), A New Maritime History of Devon, Volume II London: Conway Maritime, 32–47

Starkey, D J, Ashcroft, N, & Reid, C (eds), 2000 England’s Sea Fisheries: The Commercial Sea Fisheries of England and Wales since 1300 London: Chatham Press

Starkey, D, Reid, C &  Ashcroft,  N,  2003  England’s Sea Fisheries: The Commercial Sea Fisheries of England and Wales since 1300 London: Chatham Publishing

Stead, I M, 1985 The Battersea Shield London: British Museum Press

Stead, I M, 1991 Iron Age Cemeteries in East Yorkshire. London: English Heritage

Steane, J & Foreman, M, 1991 The archaeology of medieval fishing tackle, in G Good et al (eds), Waterfront Archaeology York: Council for British Archaeology Research Report 74, 88–101

Stiner, M C, 1994 Honor Among Thieves: a Zooarchaeological Study of Neandertal Ecology Princeton: Princeton University Press

Stiner M, 1999 Palaeolithic mollusc exploitation at Riparo Mochi (Balzi Rossi): Food and ornaments from the Aurignacian through Epigravettian, Antiquity 73, 735–54

Stirland, A, 2005 The Men of the Mary Rose: Raising the Dead. Stroud: The History Press

Stoodley, N, 2002 The origins of Hamwic and its central role in the seventh century as revealed by recent archaeological discoveries, in B Hårdh & L Larsson (eds), Central Places in the Migration and Meroving- ian Periods: Papers from the 52nd Sachsensymposium, August 2001.Stockholm:ActaArchaeologia Lundensia, Series 8, 317–31

Strachan, D, 1995 Aerial photography and the archaeol- ogy of the Essex coast, Essex J 30(2)

Strachan, D, 1998 Inter-tidal stationary fishing structures in Essex; some C14 dates, Essex Archaeol and Hist 29, 274–82

Strachan, S, 1986 The History and Archaeology of the Sydney  Cove  Shipwreck  (1797)  Research  School  of Pacific Studies, Australian National University, Canberra: Occasional Papers in Prehistory 5

Straker, V, 1987 Carbonised cereal grain from first-century London: A study for importation and crop processing, in P Marsden (ed), The Roman Forum Site in London London: Batsford, 151–5

Stringer, C, 2000 Coasting out of Africa, Nature 405, 24–7 Stringer, C, 2006 Homo Britannicus London: Penguin Books

Stringer, C, Finlayson, J C, Barton, R N E, Fernandez- Jalvo, Y, Caceres, I, Sabin, R C, Rhodes, E J, Currant, A P, Rodriguez-Vidal, J, Giles-Pacheco, F & Riquelme- Cantal, J, 2008 Neanderthal exploitation of marine mammals in Gibraltar, Proc National Academy of Sci 105(38), 14319–24

Stuart, P & Bogaers, J E, 1971 Catalogues van de monumentum. Deae Nehalenniae Gids bij de ten- toonstelling Nehalennia de Zeeuwse godin, Zeeland in de Romeinse tijd, Romeinse monumentum uit de Oosterschelde Amsterdam, 33–43

Studer P (ed), 1913 Southampton Port Books, 1427–30 Southampton: Southampton Record Society

Sturt, F, 2006 Local knowledge is required: A rythman- alytical approach to the late Mesolithic and early  Neolithic of the East Anglian Fenland, UK, J Maritime Archaeol 1(2), 119–39

Sturt, F, 2010 From Big Beat to Bebop: Settlement between 6000 and 3000 BC in the Fenland Basin, in B Finlayson & G Warren (eds), Landscapes in Tran- sition: Understanding Hunter-gatherer and Farming Landscapes in the Early Holocene of Europe and the Levant Amman: Council for British Research in the Levant

Swain, H, 1986 A note on the  Romano-British  and  other finds from Carr House Sands, Seaton Carew, Cleveland, Northern Archaeol 7(2), 31–4

Tabili, L, 1994 ‘We Ask for British Justice’ Workers and Racial Difference in Late Imperial Britain Ithaca: Cornell University Press

Tann, G, 2004 Lincolnshire Coastal Grazing Marsh: Archaeological and Historical Data Collection Lindsey Archaeology Services Report 770

Taylor, H M & Taylor, J, 1965 Anglo-Saxon Architecture [2 vols]. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Taylor, J, 2001 The Isle of Portland: an Iron Age port-of- trade, Oxford J Archaeol 20, 187–205

Taylor, M, 1999 The wood, in Parker Pearson & Sharples 1999, 188–92

Tchernia, A, 1983 Italian wine in Gaul at the the end of the Republic, in P Garnsey, K Hopkins & C R Whittaker (eds), Trade in the Ancient Economy London: Chatto & Windus, 87–104

Their, K, 2003 Sails in the North: New perspectives on an old problem, Internat J Nautical Archaeol 32(2), 182–90

Thirslund, S, 2007 Viking Navigation. Roskilde: Viking Ship Museum

Thomas, G, 2005 Bishopstone Excavations 2005. http:// search/page.php?sp_page_ id=40 [Accessed 14/06/2009]

Thomas, G, 2010 The later Anglo-Saxon settlement at Bishopstone: A downland manor in the making. York: Council for British Archaeology Research Report 163

Thomas, J, 1997 The materiality of the Mesolithic- Neolithic Transition in Britain, Analecta Praehistorica Leidensia 29

Thomas, J, 2001 Understanding the Neolithic. London: Routledge

Thomas, J, 2003 Thoughts on the ‘repacked’ Neolithic rev- olution, Antiquity 77, 67–74

Thomas, J, 2004 Current Debates on the Mesolithic- Neolithic Transition in Britain and Ireland, Documenta Praehistorica 31, 113–30

Thomas, J, 2007 Mesolithic-Neolithic transitions in Britain: from essence to inhabitation, Proc Prehist Soc 144, 423–39

Thomas, J, 2008 The Mesolithic-Neolithic transition in Britain, in J Pollard (ed), Prehistoric Britain Oxford: Blackwell, 58–9

Thomas, M G, Stumpf M P H & Härke, H, 2006 Evidence for an Apartheid-like Social Structure in Early Anglo- Saxon England, Proc Royal Soc Bulletin 273, 1601

Thompson, P, 1983 Fishing Communities and the Sea’s Resources, in Thompson, Wailey & Lummis (eds) 1983, 13

Thompson, P, Wailey, T & Lummis, T (eds), 1983 Living the Fishing London: Routledge & Kegan Paul

Tilley, A, 1994 Sailing to windward in the ancient Mediter- ranean, Internat J Nautical Archaeol 23(4), 309–13

Tilley, A & Fenwick, V, 1973 Rowing in the Ancient Medi- terranean, Mariner’s Mirror 59(1), 96–9

Tilley, C, 1991 Material Culture and Text The Art of Ambiguity London: Routledge

Tilley, C, 1994 A Phenomenology of Landscape Oxford: Berg

Tipping, R, 2010 The Case for Climatic Stress Forcing Choice in the Adoption of Agriculture in the British Isles, in B Finlayson & G Warren (eds), Landscapes in Transition: Understanding Hunter-gatherer and Farming Landscapes in the early Holocene of Europe and the Levant Amman: Council for British Research in the Levant

Todd, M, 1992 Jet in Northern Gaul, Britannia 23, 246–8 Toft, L A, 1992 Roman quays and tide levels, Britannia 23, 249–54

Tolan-Smith, C, 2008 North-East Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment (NERCA), Gateshead: Archaeological Research Services Ltd. Available at: http://www. survey/3929nerczasreportasssurvey.pdf/     [Accessed 13/08/2012]

Tomalin, D J, 1997 Bargaining with  nature,  considering the sustainability of archaeological sites in the dynamic environment of the inter-tidal zone, Proceedings of the Conference of 1st–3rd April 1996 at the Museum of London; Preservation of Archaeological Remains in-situ London: Museum of London/University of Bradford, 144–58

Tomalin, D, 2000 Stress at the seams: assessing the terrestrial and submerged archaeological landscape on the shore of the Magnus Portus, in A Aberg & C Lewis (ed), The Rising Tide: Archaeology and Coastal Land- scapes Oxford: Oxbow Books, 85–97

Tomalin, D J, 2006 Coastal villas, maritime villas; a perspective from southern England, J Maritime Archaeol 1(1), 29–84

Tomalin, D, Simpson, P & Bingeman, J, 2000 Excava- tion versus sustainability in situ: a conclusion on 25 years of archaeological investigations at Goose Rock, a designated historic wreck-site at the Needles, Isle of Wight, Internat J Nautical Archaeol 29(1), 3–42

Tomalin, D J, Loader, R & Scaife, R G, forthcoming Coastal Archaeology in a Dynamic Setting: A Solent Case Study

Tomber, R, 1993 Quantative approaches to the investiga- tion of long distance exchange, J Roman Archaeol 6, 142–66

Topping, P & Swan, V, 1995 Early Salt-working sites in the Thames Estuary, in Foreshore Archaeology London: Royal Commission for Historical Monuments, 28–40

Törnqvist, T E, Bick, S J, González, J L, van der Borg, K & De Jong, A F M, 2004 Tracking the sea-level signature of the 8.2ka cooling event: new constraints from the Mississippi Delta, Geophysical Research Letters 31: L23309, doi: 10.1029/2004GL021429

Toucanne, S, Zaragosi, S, Bourillet, J F, Cremer, M, Eynaud, F, Van Vliet-Lanoë, B, Penaud, A, Fontanier, C, Turon, J L, Cortijo, E & Gibbard, P L, 2009a Timing of massive ‘Fleuve Manche’ discharges over the last 350 kyr: insights into the European ice-sheet oscilla- tions and the European drainage network from MIS 10 to 2, Quaternary Sci Rev 28 (13–14), 1238–56

Toucanne, S, Zaragosia, S, Bourillet, J F, Gibbard, P L, Eynauda, F, Giraudeaua, J, Turona, J L, Cremera, M, Cortijod, E, Martineza, P and Rossignola, L, 2009b A 1.2 Ma record of glaciation and fluvial discharge from the West European Atlantic margin, Quaternary Sci Rev 28 (25–6), 2974–81

Travis, J F, 1993 The Rise of the Devon Seaside Resorts, 1750–1900. Exeter: University of Exeter Press

Tunstall, B, 1990 Naval Warfare in the Age of Sail: The evolution of fighting tactics 1650–1815 London: Conway Maritime Press

Tweddle, D, 1992 The Anglian Helmet from Coppergate The Archaeology of York: The Small Finds 17/8. London: York Archaeological Trust

Tyers, P A, 1996 Roman Pottery in Britain London: Batsford

Tys, D, 2003 Een Middeleeuws Landschap als Materiële Cultuur: De Interactie tussen Macht en Ruimte in een Kustgebied en de Wording van een Laatmid- deleeuws tot Vroegmodern Landschap – Kamerlings Ambacht, 500–1200/1600 [5 Volumes]. Free Univer- sity of Brussels (VUB): Unpublished PhD Thesis

Uehara, K, Scourse, J D, Horsburgh, K J, Lambeck, K, & Purcell, A P, 2006 Tidal evolution of the northwest European shelf seas from the Last Glacial Maximum to the present, J Geophysical Research 111, C09025, 15

Unger, R (ed), 1994 Cogs, Caravels and Galleons London: Conway

Valentin, H, 1971 Land loss at Holderness, 1852–1952, in J A Steers (ed), Applied Coastal Geomorphology. London: Macmillan, 116–37

Van Andel, T H, 2003 Glacial Environments I: the Weich- selian climate in Europe and between the end of the OIS-5 Interglacial in Europe and the Last Glacial Maximum, in Van Andel & Davies (eds) 2003, 9–19

Van Andel, T H & W Davies (eds), 2003 Neanderthals and modern humans in the European landscape during the last glaciation. Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research

Van de Noort, R, 2003 An Ancient Seascape: The Social Context of Seafaring in the Early Bronze Age, World Archaeol 35(3), 404–15

Van de Noort, R, 2004 The Humber Wetlands: The Archaeology of a Dynamic Landscape Macclesfield: Windgather Press

Van de Noort, R, 2006 Argonauts of the North Sea: A social maritime archaeology for the 2nd millennium BC, Proc Prehist Soc 76, 267–87

Van de Noort, R, 2011 North Sea Archaeologies: a Maritime Biography 10,000 BC–AD 1500 Oxford, Oxford University Press

Van de Noort, R & Davies, P (eds), 1993 Wetland Heritage: An Archaeological Assessment of the Humber Wetlands Kingston-upon-Hull: University of Hull/ Humber Wetlands Project

Van de Noort, R & Ellis, S (eds), 1995 Wetland Heritage of Holderness: An Archaeological Survey. Kingston- upon-Hull: University of Hull/Humber Wetlands Project

Van de Noort, R & Ellis, S (eds), 1997 Wetland Heritage of the Humberhead Levels: An Archaeological Survey Kingston-upon-Hull: University of Hull/Humber Wetlands Project

Van de Noort, R & Ellis, S (eds), 1998 Wetland Heritage of the Ancholme and Lower Trent Valleys: An Archaeo- logical Survey Kingston-upon-Hull: University of Hull/Humber Wetlands Project

Van de Noort, R & Ellis, S (eds), 1999 Wetland Heritage of the Vale of York: An Archaeological Survey Kingston- upon-Hull: University of Hull/Humber Wetlands Projects

Van de Noort, R & Ellis, S (eds), 2000 Wetland Heritage of the Hull Valley. Kingston-upon-Hull: University of Hull/English Heritage

Van  de Noort, R & Ellis, S,  2001 Recommendations, in  S Ellis, H Fenwick, M Lillie & R Van de Noort (eds) Wetland Heritage of the Lincolnshire Marsh: An Archaeological Survey Kingston-upon-Hull: Univer- sity of Hull, 231–41

Van de Noort, R & O’Sullivan, A, 2006 Rethinking Wetland Archaeology London: Duckworth

Van de Noort, R, Middleton, R, Foxon, A & Baylis, A, 1999 The ‘Kilnsea-boat’ and some implications for the oldest plank boat remains, Antiquity 79, 131–5

Van der Linden, M, 2004 What linked the Bell Beakers in third millennium BC Europe?, Antiquity 81, 343–52

Van der Molen J & De Swart H E, 2001 Holocene tidal conditions and tide-induced sand transport in the southern North Sea, J Geophysical Research 106(C5), 9339–62

Van Es, W A & Verwers, W J H, 1980 Excavations at Dorestad 1 The Harbour: Hoogstraat 1 Nederlandse Oudheden 9. Netherlands: Amersfoort

van Gijn A, 1990 The Wear and Tear of Flint: Principles of functional analysis applied to Dutch Neolithic assem- blages Leiden: Analecta Praehistorica Leidensia 22

van Gijn, A, 2007 A functional analysis of some lithic imple- ments from Sites A and J, in Bell (ed) 2007, 117–21

Van Kolfschoten, T & Laban, C, 1995 Pleistocene terrestrial mammal faunas from the North Sea, Mededelingen Rijks Geologische Dienst 52, 135–51

Van Neer, W & Ervynck, A, 1993 Archeologie en Vis. Asse: Instiuut Voor Het Archeologisch Patrimonium

Veale, E N (ed), 1971 Studies in the Medieval Wine Trade London: Clarendon Press

Verhart, L B M, 2004 The implications of prehistoric finds on and off the Dutch coast, in N C Flemming (ed), Submarine Prehistoric Archaeology of the North Sea. York: Council for British Archaeology Research Report 141, 57–61

Villain-Gandossi, C, 1979 Le Navaire Medieval a Travers les Miniatures des Manuscrits Francais, in S McGrail (ed), The Archaeology of Medieval Ships and Harbours in Northern Europe. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports International Series 66, 195–226

Villain-Gandossi, C, 1985 Le Navaire Médiéval à Travers les Miniatures. Paris: CNRS

Villain-Gandossi, C, 1994 Illustrations of Ships, in Unger (ed) 1994, 169–74

Vince, A G, 1990 Saxon London: An archaeological investi- gation. London: Seaby

Vince, A G, 1994 Saxon urban economies: an archaeologi- cal perspective, in J Rackham (ed), Environment and Economy in Anglo-Saxon England. York: Council for British Archaeology Research Report 89, 108–19

Visram, R, 1986 The Story of Indians in Britain 1700– 1947: Ayahs, Lascars and Princes London: Pluto Waddington, C (ed), 2007 Mesolithic Settlement in the North Sea Basin: A Case Study from Howick, North- East England Oxford: Oxbow Books

Wade, K & D Dymond, 1999 Smaller medieval towns, in D Dymond & E Martin, An Historical Atlas of Suffolk. 3rd edn. Suffolk: Suffolk County Council, 162

Wadia, R A, 1964 Scions of Lowjee Wadia India: Krishnamurthi

Walker, M, Johnsen, S, Rasmussen, S O, Popp, T, Stef- fensen, J-P, Gibbard, P, Hoek, W, Lowe, J, Andrews, J, Björck, S, Cwynar, L C, Hughen, K, Kershaw, P, Kromer, B, Litt, T, Lowe, D J, Nakagawa, T, Newnham R & Schwander, J, 2009 Formal definition and dating of the GSSP (Global Stratotype Section and Point) for the base of the Holocene using the Greenland NGRIP ice core, and selected auxiliary records, J Quaternary Sci 24(1), 3–17

Wallace, H, 1999 Sea level and shoreline between Portsmouth and Pagham for the past 2500 years. Private publication

Waller, M, 1994 The Fenland Project No 9: Flandrian Environmental Change in Fenland, East Anglia London: East Anglian Archaeology Monograph 70

Waller, M, 2002 The Holocene Vegetation History of the Romney Marsh Region, in in Long, Hipkin & Clarke (eds) 2002, 1–21

Waller, M P, Burrin, P & Marlow, A, 1988 Flandrian sedi- mentation and palaoenvironments in Pett Level, the Brede and lower Rother valleys and Walland Marsh, in Eddison & Green (eds) 1988, 3–30

Waller, M P & Kirby, J, 2002 Late Pleistocene/Early Holocene Environmental Change in the Romney Marsh Region: New evidence from Tilling Green, Rye, in Long, Hipkin & Clarke (eds) 2002, 22–39

Waller, M P & Long, A J, 2003 Holocene evolution and sea-level change on the southern coast of England: a review, J Quaternary Sci 18, 351–9

Wallis, S & Waughmann, M, 1998 Archaeology and the landscape in the lower Blackwater valley, E Anglian Archaeol 82

Walsh, M, 1998 The Riddle of the Sands: An Assessment of the Potential for Identifying Roman Shipwrecks in British Waters. University of Southampton: Unpublished MA Dissertation

Walsh, M, 2002 Pudding Pan: A case study on the enhancement of the Romano-British maritime record, in G Muskett & M Georgiadis (eds), The Seas in Antiquity Liverpool: University of Liverpool, 76–87

Walsh, M, 2006 Pudding Pan: A Roman Shipwreck and its Cargo in Context. University of Southampton: Unpublished PhD Thesis

Walton, J K, 2005 The British Seaside: Holidays and Resorts in the Twentieth Century Manchester: Manchester University Press

Walton Rogers, P, 1997 Textile Production at 16–22 Cop- pergate The Archaeology of York: The Small Finds 17/11. York: York Archaeological Trust

Ward, I & Larcombe, P, 2008 Determining the preservation rating of submerged archaeology in the post-glacial southern North Sea: a first-order geomorphological approach, Environmental Archaeol 13(1), 59–83

Ward, I A K, Larcombe, P & Veth, P, 1999 A New Process- based Model for Wreck Site Formation, J Archaeol Sci 26, 561–70

Ward, I, Larcombe, P & Lillie, M, 2006 The dating of Doggerland: Post-glacial geochronology of the southern North Sea, Environmental Archaeol 11(2), 207–18

Ward, R, 2004 The Earliest Known Sailing Directions in English, Deutsches Schiffahrtsmueumarchiv 27

Ward, R, 2009 The World of the Medieval Shipmaster: Law, Business and the Sea c 1350–1450. Woodbridge: Boydell

Warner, R B, 1991 The Broighter hoard, in S Moscati (ed), The Celts. London: Thames & Hudson

Warren, G M, 2000 Seascapes: peoples, boats and inhabiting the later Mesolithic in western Scotland, in R Young (ed), Mesolithic Lifeways: Current research from Britain and Ireland. Leicester: Leicester Archae- ology Monographs 7, 97–104

Warren, G, 2005 Mesolithic Lives in Scotland Stroud: Tempus

Warren, G M, 2007 Mesolithic Myths, Proc British Academy 144, 311–28

Warren, S H, 1932 Prehistoric timber structures associated with a briquetage site in Lincolnshire, Antiq J 12, 254–6

Watson, B, Brigham, T & Dyson, T, 2001 London Bridge: 2000 Years of a River Crossing London: Museum of London Archaeology Service

Waughman, M, 2005 Archaeology and Environment of Submerged Landscapes in Hartlepool Bay, England Hartlepool: Tees Archaeology Monograph Series 2

Weatherill, L, 1996 Consumer Behaviour and Material Culture in Britain 1660–1760 London: Routledge

Webster, J, 2005 Looking for the material culture of the Middle Passage, J Maritime Research 7(1), 245–58

Webster, J, 2008a Slave Ships and Maritime Archaeology: An Overview, Internat J Hist Archaeol 12(1), 6–19

Webster, J,  2008b  Historical Archaeology  and  the Slave Ship, Internat J Hist Archaeol, 12(1), 1–5

Welch, M, 1991 Contacts across the Channel between the Fifth and Seventh Centuries: A review of the archae- ological evidence, Studien zur Sachsenforschung 7. Hildesheim: Verlag August Lax Hildesheim, 261–9

Welinder, S, 1978 The concept of ‘ecology’ in Mesolithic research, in P Mellars (eds), The Early Postglacial Settlement of Northern Europe London: Duckworth, 11–25

Wenban-Smith, F, 2002 Marine Aggregate Dredging and the Historic Environment: Palaeolithic and Mesolithic archaeology on the seabed. London: BMAPA & English Heritage

Wenban-Smith, F, 2010 Early Devensian (MIS 5) occupa- tion at Dartford, southeast England. Paper presented at Ancient Human Occupation of Britain conference, London, April 2010

Wenban-Smith, F F, Bates, M R, Bridgland, D R, Marshall, G D & Schwenninger, J-L, 2009 The Pleistocene sequence at Priory Bay, Isle of Wight (SZ 635 900), in R M Briant, M R Bates, R T Hosfield & F F Wenban- Smith (eds), The Quaternary of the Solent Basin and West Sussex Raised Beaches Field Guide. London: Quaternary Research Association, 123–37

Weninger, B, Schulting, R, Bradtmöller, M, Clare, L, Collard, M, Edinborough, K, Hilpert, J, Jöris, O, Niekus, M, Rohling, E & Wagner, B, 2008 The catastrophic final flooding of Doggerland by the Storegga Slide tsunami, Documenta Praehistorica 35, 1–28

Weninger, B, Edinborough, K, Bradtmöller, M, Collard, M, Crombé, P, Danzeglocke, U, Holst, D, Jöris, O, Niekus, M, Shennan, S & Schulting, R J, 2009 A radiocarbon database for the Mesolithic and Early Neolithic in Northwest Europe, in P Crombé, M Van  Strydonck, J Sergant, M Boudin, M & M Bats (eds), Chronology and Evolution within the Mesolithic of North-West Europe Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 143–76

Wessex Archaeology, 2003 North Kent Coast Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment Survey: Phase II Field Assessment. Unpublished Client Report

Wessex Archaeology, 2004a Dorset Coast Historic Environ- ment Research Framework Salisbury: Dorset County Council/Dorset Coast Forum/Wessex Archaeology

Wessex Archaeology, 2004b Artefacts from the Sea. Unpublished report prepared for the Aggregates Levy Sustainability Fund and English Heritage

Wessex Archaeology, 2006 HMS/m A1: Bracklesham Bay, West Sussex – Designated Site Assessment: Archae- ological Report. Unpublished report: http://www. a1-archaeological-report [Accessed 13/08/2012]

Wessex Archaeology, 2007a Dredged up from the Past, Archaeology Finds Reporting Service Newsletter 2. Salisbury: Wessex Archaeology, 1–8

Wessex Archaeology, 2007b Seabed Prehistory VI Humber Salisbury: Wessex Archeaology, Ref 57422.15

Wessex  Archaeology,  2007c  SS  Mendi:  Archaeologi- cal Desk-based Assessment. Unpublished report available at marine/eh/ssmendi/index.php [Accessed 13/08/2012]

Wessex Archaeology, 2008a Seabed Prehistory: Final Report gauging the effects of marine aggregate dredging: Volume II, Arun Salisbury: Wessex Archaeology, Ref 57422.32

Wessex Archaeology, 2008b Seabed Prehistory: Great Yarmouth [Vol IV] Salisbury: Wessex Archaeology, Ref 57422.34

Wessex Archaeology, 2008c Seabed Prehistory VII: Happisburgh and Pakefield exposures Salisbury: Wessex Archaeology, Ref 57422.37

Wessex Archaeology, 2008d Seabed Prehistory: Arun additional grab samples [Vol III]. Salisbury: Wessex Archaeology

Wessex Archaeology, 2008e Wreck Ecology 2007–8 Final Report Salisbury: Wessex Archaeology, Ref. 57456.02

Wessex Archaeology, 2008f Seabed Prehistory: Gauging the Effect of Marine Aggregate Dredging. Unpublished report prepared for English Heritage

Wessex Archaeology, 2009a Iona II, off Lundy Island, North Devon – Designated Site Assessment: Archaeological Report. Unpublished report: http://www. aiiarchaeologicalreport2008.pdf [Accessed 13/08/2012]

Wessex Archaeology, 2009b Seabed Prehistory: Site Eval- uation Techniques (Area 240) Existing Data Review. Unpublished report prepared for English Heritage

West, R G, 1980 The Pre-glacial Pleistocene of the Norfolk and Suffolk Coasts. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Westaway, R, 2008 Quarternary vertical crustal motion and drainage evolution in East Anglia and adjoining parts of southern England: chronology of the Ingham River terrace deposits, Boreas 38(2), 261–84

Westerdahl, C, 1991 Norrlandsleden: The maritime cultural landscape of the Norrland sailing route in Crumlin-Pedersen (ed) 1991a, 105–20

Westerdahl, C, 1994 Maritime cultures and ship types: brief comments on the significance of maritime archaeology, Internat J Nautical Archaeol 23, 265–70

Westerdahl, C, 2000 From land to sea, from sea to land: On transport zones, borders and human space, in J Litwin (ed), Down the River to the Sea Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium on Boat and Ship Archaeology, Gdansk 1997 Gdansk: Polish Maritime Museum

Westerdahl, C, 2006 The Significance of Portages Oxford: British Archaeological Reports International Series 1499

Westley, K, Dix, J K & Quinn, R J, 2004 A re-assessment of the archaeological potential of continental shelves. English Heritage Aggregate Levy Sustainability Fund Project 3362, Final Report

Westley, K, Quinn, R, Forsythe, W, Plets, R, Bell, T, Benetti, S, McGrath, F & Robinson, R, 2011 Mapping Submerged Landscapes Using Multibeam Bathymet- ric Data: A case study from the north coast of Ireland, Internat J Nautical Archaeol 40(1), 99–112

Wheeler, R E M & Wheeler, T V, 1932 Report on the excavation of the prehistoric, Roman and post-Roman site in Lydney Park, Gloucestershire. Oxford

White, M J & Schreve, D C, 2000 Island Britain – peninsula Britain: Palaeogeography, colonization and the Lower Palaeolithic settlement of the British Isles, Proc Prehist Soc 66, 1–28

Whitewright, J & Satchell, J (eds), 2011 The Archaeology and History of the Flower of Ugie, Wrecked 1852 in the Eastern Solent. Hampshire and Wight Trust for Maritime Archaeology Monograph Series 1. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports British Series 551

Whittaker, C R, 1983 Late Roman trade and traders, in P Garnsey, K Hopkins & C R Whittaker (eds), Trade in the Ancient Economy London: Chatto & Windus, 163–80

Whittle, A, Barclay, A, Bayliss, A, Schulting, R & Wysocki, M, 2007 Building for the dead: events,  processes and changing worldviews from the 38th to the 34th centuries cal BC in southern Britain, Cambridge Archaeol J 17, 123–47

Whittle, A, Baylis, A & Healy, F, 2008 The timing and tempo of change: Examples from the fourth millennium cal BC in southern England, Cambridge Archaeol J 18, 65–70

Whittle, A, Healey, F & Baylis, A, 2011 Gathering Time: Dating the Early Neolithic enclosures of Southern Britain and Ireland Oxford; Oxbow Books

Whitworth, R (ed), 1988 Gunner at Large The Diary of James Wood R A , 1746–1765 London: Leo Cooper

Wickham, C, 1998 Overview: production, distribution and demand, in R Hodges & W Bowden (eds), The Sixth Century: Production, Distribution and Demand Leiden: Brill, 279–92

Wickham-Jones, C R, 2005 Summer walkers? Mobility and the Mesolithic, in N Milner & P Woodman (eds), Mesolithic Studies at the beginning of the 21st century Oxford: Oxbow Books, 30–41

Wickham-Jones, C R, & Hardy, K (eds), 2009 Mesolithic and later sites around the Inner Sound, Scotland: The work of the Scotland’s First Settlers Project 1998–2004, Scottish Archaeological Internet Reports 31

Wilkes, E, 2004 Iron Age Maritime Nodes on the English Channel Coast. An investigation into the location, nature and context of early ports and harbours. Uni- versity of Bournemouth: Unpublished PhD thesis

Wilkins, N P, 2001 Squires, Spalpeens and Spats: Oysters and Oystering in Galway Bay Dublin: N P Wilkins

Wilkinson, K N & Straker, V, 2008 Neolithic and Early Bronze Age environments in  south-west  England, in C J Webster (ed), The Archaeology of South-West England South-West Archaeological Research Frameworks: Resource Assessment and Research Agenda Taunton: Somerset County Council, 63–74

Wilkinson, T J & Murphy,  P  L,  1995  The Archaeology of the Essex Coast, Vol 1: The Hullbridge Survey, E Anglian Archaeol 71

Wilkinson, T J, Murphy, P L, Brown, N & Heppell, E M, forthcoming The Archaeology of the Essex Coast Vol 2: Excavations at the prehistoric site of the Stumble, East Anglian Archaeology

Williams, D F & Peacock, D P S, 1983 The Importation of Olive-Oil into Iron Age and Roman Britain Madrid

Williams, E, 1973 Capitalismo y Esclavitud Buenos Aires: Editorial Siglo XX

Williams, J H C, 2002 Pottery stamps, coin designs and writing in late Iron Age Britain, in A E Cooley (ed), Becoming Roman, Writing Latin? Literacy and Epigraphy in the Roman West, J Roman Archaeology Supplementary Series 48. Portsmouth, Rhode Island, 135–49

Williams, J & Brown, N  (eds),  1999  An  Archaeologi- cal Research Framework for the Greater Thames Estuary. Maidstone: Kent County Council/Essex County Council/ English Heritage/Thames Estuary Partnership

Williamson, T, 2005 Sandlands The Suffolk Coast and Heaths Macclesfield: Windgather Press

Willis, S H, 1994 Roman imports into late Iron Age British societies: towards a critique  of  existing  models, in S Cottam, D Dungworth, S Scott & J Taylor (eds), TRAC94: Proceedings of the 4th Theoretical Roman Archaeology Conference, Durham 1994. Oxford: Oxbow Books, 141–50

Willis, S H, 1997 Settlement, materiality and landscape in the Iron Age of the East Midlands: evidence, interpretation and wider resonance, in A Gwilt & C C Haselgrove (eds), Reconstructing Iron Age Societies Oxford: Oxbow Books, 205–15

Willis, S H, 1998 Samian pottery in Britain: Exploring its distribution and archaeological potential, Archaeol J 155, 82–133

Willis, S H, 1999 Without and within: aspects of culture and community in the Iron Age of north-eastern England, in B Bevan (ed), Northern Exposure: Interpretative Devolution and the Iron Ages in Britain, Leicester Archaeology Monographs 4. Leicester: Leicester University Press, 81–110

Willis, S H, 2005 Samian Pottery, a Resource for the Study of Roman Britain and Beyond: the results of the English Heritage funded Samian Project, Internet Archaeol 17

Willis, S H, 2007 Sea, coast, estuary, land and culture in Britain during the Iron Age, in C C Haselgrove and T Moore (eds), The Later Iron Age in Britain and Beyond. Oxford: Oxbow Books, 105–29

Willis, S H, 2009 The Archaeology of Smuggling and the Falmouth King’s Pipe, J Maritime Archaeol 4(1), 51–65

Willis, S H, in press The briquetage containers from Stanwick, with a discussion of the Later Iron Age trade in salt in the North-East of England, in C C Haselgrove (ed), Excavations at Stanwick, North Yorkshire, 1984–9. Yorkshire Archaeological Reports

Willis, S H, Filts, L, Haselgrove, C & Lowther, P, 1999 Melsonby revisted: Survey and excavation at the  site of the ‘Stanwick’, North Yorkshire hoard of 1843, Durham Archaeol J 14/15, 1–52

Wilmott, T & Tibber, J, 2009 Richborough, a Roman and Medieval Port, English Heritage Research News 12, 20–2

Wilson, P R, 1989 Aspects of the Yorkshire Signal Stations’, in V A Maxfield & M J Dobson (eds), Roman Frontier Studies 1989 Proceedings of the XVth International Congress of Roman Frontier Studies Exeter: Univer- sity of Exeter Press, 142–7

Winder, J M, 1992 A Study of the Variation in Oyster Shells from Archaeological Sites and  a  Discussion of Oyster Exploitation. University of Southampton: Unpublished PhD Thesis

Winder, T, 1924 Submerged Forest in Bigbury Bay and Thurlestone Sands, South Devon, Trans Devonshire Assoc for the Advancement of Sci, Lit and Art 55, 120–3

Wingfield, R T R, 1995 A model of sea-levels  in  the  Irish and Celtic  seas  during  the  end-Pleistocene  to Holocene transition, in R C Preece (ed), Island Britain: a Quaternary perspective London: Geological Society Special Publications 96, 209–42

Woodham-Smith, C, 1991 The Great Hunger: Ireland 1845–1849 London: Penguin Books

Woodley, K, Broomfield, P & Jemima, S (eds), 2005 Thorny’s: An Oral History of Vosper Thornycroft’s Shipyard, Southampton Southampton: Oral History Unit

Woodman, P C, 1981 The Post-Glacial colonization of Ireland: the human factors, in D O Corráin (ed), Irish Antiquity: Essays and Studies Presented to Professor M J O’Kelly Cork: Tower Books, 93–110

Woodman, P C, 2003 Pushing Back The Boundaries (John Jackson Lecture 2003), Occas Papers in Irish Sci and Technology 27, 1–18

Woodman, P C, 2004 Some Problems and Perspectives: Reviewing Aspects of the Mesolithic Period in Ireland, in A Saville (ed), Mesolithic Scotland and its Neigh- bours: The Early Holocene prehistory  of  Scotland, its British and Irish context, and some Northern European Perspectives Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 285–97

Woodman, P C, 2008 Ireland’s place in the European Mesolithic: why it’s OK to be different, in S McCartan, R Schulting, G Warren & P Woodman (eds), Mesolithic Horizons Oxford: Oxbow Books, xxxvi–xlvi

Woodman, PC, Anderson, E & Finlay, N, 1999 Excavations at Ferriter’s Cove, 1983–95: Last foragers and first farmers in the Dingle Peninsula Bray: Wordwell

Woodwiss, S (ed), 1992 Iron Age and Roman Salt Production in the Medieval Town of Droitwich. London: Council for British Archaeology Research Report 81

Wormald, P, 1992 The Venerable Bede and the ‘Church of the English’, in G Rowell (ed), The English Religious Tradition and the Genius of Anglicanism Wantage: Ikon, 26

Wright, E V, 1990 An East Yorkshire retrospective, in S Ellis & D R Crowther (eds), Humber Perspectives: A Region through the Ages. Hull: Hull University Press, 71–88

Wright, E V, Hedges, R E M, Bayliss, A & Van de Noort, R, 2001 New AMS radiocarbon dates for the North Ferriby boats – a contribution to dating prehistoric seafaring in north-west Europe, Antiquity 75, 726–34

Wymer, J (ed), 1977 Gazetteer of Mesolithic sites in England and Wales York: Council for British Archaeology Research Report 20

Wymer, J J, 1986 Early Iron Age pottery and a triangular loomweight from Redgate Hill, Hunstanton, Norfolk Archaeol 39, 286–96

Wymer, J J & Robins, P A, 1994 A long blade flint industry beneath Boreal peat at Titchwell, Norfolk, Norfolk Archaeol 42(1), 13–95

Yates, C, 2010 Moor Sand, a new Bronze Age shipwreck revealed, Current Archaeol 243, 12–17

Yokoyama,  Y, Lambeck,  K,  de  Deckker,  P,   Johnston, P & Fifield, L K, 2000a Timing of the Last Glacial Maximum from observed sea-level minima, Nature 406, 713–16

Yokoyama, Y, Esat, T M, Lambeck, K & Fifield, L K, 2000b Last ice age millennial scale climate changes recorded in Huon Peninsula corals, Radiocarbon 42, 383–401

Young, C, 2004 The Physical Setting, in T Lawson & D Killingray (eds), An Historical Atlas of Kent. Chichester: Phillimore, 1–6

Zvelebil, M, 1994 Plant use in the Mesolithic and its role in the transition to farming, Proc Prehist Soc 60, 35–74

Zvelebil, M, 1998 Agricultural Frontiers, Neolithic origins, and the transition to Farming in the Baltic Basin, in M Zvelebil, R Dennell & L Domanska (eds), Har- vesting the Sea, Farming the Forest: The emergence of Neolithic societies in the Baltic region Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 9–28

Zvelebil, M, 2008 Innovating Hunter-Gatherers: the Mes-olithic in the Baltic, in Bailey & Spikins (eds) 2008, 18–59

Leave a Reply