Military Archaeology before 1914

Study of the remains of the 18th and 19th century defensive structures of the region continue to be uncommon. The Rapid Coastal Zone assessment (Johnson 2009) and the Citizan projects have tended to focus on 20th century coastal sites. Inland, the early-19th century shift towards stationing troops outside the growing major industrial populations of the southern part of the region, at manufacturing and port towns such as Ashton-under-Lyne, Bolton, Liverpool, Manchester, and Preston, has been little studied by archaeologists and historians. A notable exception is the archaeological investigation of the Hulme Cavalry Barracks in Manchester. This was the home of 27 different regiments during its existence from 1804 to 1915;the 15th King’s Hussars was stationed here when they took part in the Peterloo Massacre in 1819. In 2013 Univeristy of Salford led a community dig of the site, now within George Park, Hulme, as part of the Dig Greater Manchester project, and discovered well preserved remains of some of the 19th century buildings and adjacent workers’ housing, some of which were rented by retired veterans from the barracks (Thompson 2015).

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