North West Archaeological and Built Heritage Bibliography 2006 to 2020

See separate list for historic buildings

Adams M, 2012, An archaeological watching brief on land at Hilary Breck, Wallasey, Wirral, Merseyside; final report. Liverpool: Liverpool Museum unpublished report.

Adams M, 2019, ‘Mark Rake, Bromborough, Final report, NGR SJ 349 823 (centred)’, Journal of the Merseyside Archaeological Society, 16 (for 2019)

Adams M, Towle A and Harris S-J, 2019, ‘Evidence for Neolithic settlement and a funerary monument from Dale Hall, Mossley Hill, Liverpool with a consideration of field evaluation strategies on Merseyside’, Journal of the Merseyside Archaeological Society 16 (for 2019)

Adams M & Cowell RW, 2015, Assessment Report on a Programme of Earthwork Survey, Geophysics and Trial Trenching at Montcliffe Quarry, Horwich, Bolton, Liverpool. National Museums Liverpool Field Archaeology Unit, unpublished report.

Adams M & Edwards C, 2008, An Archaeological Excavation at Crow Lane, Newton-le-Willows, St. Helens, Merseyside. Liverpool: National Museums Liverpool unpublished report.

Adcock J, 2013, Romans in Ravenglass, Cumbria. GSB geophysical survey unpublished report.

Ainsworth S, 2009, ‘Miner-Farmer landscapes of the North Pennines Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AIONB)’, Research News 6: Newsletter of the English Heritage Research Department 11, 12-16.

Ainsworth S & Hunt A, 2006, ‘A fluid landscape: lead mining and river systems in the north Pennines’, Research News 5: Newsletter of the English Heritage Research Department, 38-39.

Ainsworth S & Hunt A, 2010, Scordale, Cumbria: the archaeology of a north Pennine valley. Swindon: English Heritage Res Rep 35/2010, Portsmouth.

Ainsworth S & Went D, 2009, Whitley Castle, Tynedale, Northumberland: An Archaeological Investigation of the Roman Fort. Swindon: English Heritage Research Report 84/2009.

Albert B M and Innes J B, 2019, ‘On the distinction of pollen grains of early varieties of Hordeum from Glyceria species: addressing the early cereal cultivation problem in palynology.’ Palynology,  https://doi.org/10.1080/01916122.2019.1589593

Allison W & Murphy S, 2010, ‘The German Mines of Caldbeck and the Discovery of and Early Primitive Wagonway’, TCWAAS 3rd Series vol 10, 35-54.

Andrews M, 2019, ‘A neglected nineteenth-century find of a fifteenth-century coin hoard from Shoemakers’ Row, Northgate Street, Chester’, JCAS NS 89, 145-150.

Annakin-Smith, A, 2011, ‘Cheshire’s forgotten salt makers; sea salt production on the Wirral’, Cheshire History 51, ??-??

Annakin-Smith, A, 2019, The Neston Collieries, 1759-1855: An Industrial Revolution in Rural Cheshire. Chester: Chester University Press.

Anon, 2006, ‘Archaeological Projects in Cumbria 2005’, TCWAAS 3rd Series vol 6, 241-286.

Anon, 2007, ‘Archaeological Projects in Cumbria 2006’, TCWAAS 3rd Series vol 7, 239-278.

Anon, 2008, ‘Archaeological Projects in Cumbria 2007’, TCWAAS 3rd Series vol 8, 259-294.

Anon, 2009, ‘Archaeological Projects in Cumbria 2008’ TCWAAS 3rd Series vol 9, 233-278.

Anon, 2010, ‘Archaeological Projects in Cumbria 2009’, TCWAAS 3rd Series vol 10, 261-296.

Anon, 2011, ‘Archaeological Projects in Cumbria 2010’, TCWAAS 3rd Series vol 11, 253-284.

Anon, 2012, ‘Archaeological Projects in Cumbria 2011’, TCWAAS 3rd Series vol 12, 255-283.

Anon, 2013, ‘Archaeological Projects in Cumbria 2012’, TCWAAS 3rd Series vol 13, 265-291.

Anon, 2015, ‘Archaeological Projects in Cumbria 2013’, TCWAAS 3rd Series vol 15, 255-278.

Anon, 2016, ‘Archaeological Projects in Cumbria 2014’, TCWAAS 3rd Series vol 16, 253-278.

Anon, 2017, ‘Archaeological Projects in Cumbria 2015’, TCWAAS 3rd Series vol 17, 289-298.

Anon, 2018, ‘Archaeological Projects in Cumbria 2016’, TCWAAS 3rd Series vol 18, 303-324.

Anon, 2019, ‘Archaeological Projects in Cumbria 2017’, TCWAAS 3rd Series vol 19, 291-310.

Anon, 2020, ‘Archaeological Projects in Cumbria 2018’, TCWAAS 3rd Series vol 20, 321-342.

Appley C, 2013, The prehistoric environment of Furness: palaeoenvironmental influences upon human activity during the Neolithic and Bronze Age of the Furness peninsula, south Cumbria, UK. PhD thesis, University of Sheffield, URL: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/3825

Appleby C, Cocroft W & Schofield J, eds, 2014, The Home Front in Britain 1914-18: An Archaeological Handbook. York: Council for British Archaeology.

Archer N, Bentley M, Berry T, Dunn C, Goodall I, Hunt A, Jecock M, Menuge A, Sinton P & Taylor S, 2009, Gatebeck Low Gunpowder Works and the Workers’ Settlements of Endmoor and Gatebeck, Cumbria. An Archaeological and Architectural Survey. English Heritage Research Report 63/2009.

Arnold A J, 2015, Whalley Abbey, Whalley, Lancashire: Tree-Ring Analysis of Timbers from the Great Hall and the North Range. English Heritage Research Report Series.

Arnold A J & Howard R E, 2010a, Monks’ Hall, Eccles, Salford, Greater Manchester: Tree-Ring Analysis of Timbers. English Heritage Research Report Series.

Arnold A J & Howard R E, 2010b, Mitchell’s Brewery, Brewery Lane, Lancaster: Tree-Ring Analysis of Timbers. English Heritage Research Report Series no. 29-2010.

Arnold A J & Howard R E, 2011, Church of St Mary, Churchgate, Stockport, Greater Manchester: Tree-Ring Analysis of Timbers from the Chancel Roof. English Heritage Research Report Series no. 24-2011.

Arnold A J & Howard R E, 2011, West Barn, Common Lane, Parbold, near Preston, Lancashire: Tree-Ring Analysis of Timbers. English Heritage Research Report Series.

Arnold A J & Howard R E, 2014a, Tonge Hall, Tonge Hall Close, William Street, Middleton, Rochdale, Lancashire: Tree-Ring Analysis of Timbers. English Heritage Research Report.

Arnold A J & Howard R E, 2014b, Church of St Mary, Churchgate, Stockport, Greater Manchester: Tree-Ring Analysis of Timbers from the Vestry Roof. English Heritage Research Report Series no. 56-2014.

Arnold A J & Howard R E, 2014c, Dandra Garth, Garsdale, Cumbria: Tree-Ring Analysis of Timbers. English Heritage Research Report Series.

Arnold A J & Howard R E, 2015, Tomlinson Barn, Brookside Farm, Torkington Road, Hazel Grove, Cheshire: Tree-Ring Analysis of Timbers. Unpublished NTRDL Report.

Arnold A J, Howard R & Tyers C, 2016, Lancaster Castle, Castle Park, Lancaster: Tree Ring Analysis of Oak and Pine Timbers in the Keep and Gatehouse. Historic England Research Report Series.

Arnold A J, Howard R E & Litton C, 2007a, High Beeches and The Hollies, Thurstonfield, Burgh-By-Sands, Cumbria: Tree-Ring Analysis of Timbers from the Barn. English Heritage Research Report Series.

Arnold A J, Howard R E & Litton C, 2007b, Lawrenceholme Farm, Oulton, Cumbria: Tree-Ring Analysis of Timbers from the Buildings. English Heritage Research Report Series.

Arnold A J, Howard R E & Litton C, 2007c, The Stonehouse, Moorhouse, near Carlisle, Cumbria: Tree-Ring Analysis of Timbers from the Barn. English Heritage Research Report Series.

Arrowsmith P, 2007, Wythenshawe Park, Manchester: An Archaeological Desk-Based Assessment. Manchester: UMAU unpublished report.

Arrowsmith P, 2008, Heaton Park, Manchester: An Archaeological Desk-Based Assessment. Manchester: UMAU unpublished report.

Arrowsmith P, 2010, From Castle to Covered Market. A History of Stockport’s Market Place. Stockport: Stockport MBC.

Arrowsmith P, 2019, ‘Buildings depicted on tithe and other early maps in Cheshire: a review of the results of strip and record excavation in development-led projects’, JCAS NS 89, 105-144.

Arrowsmith P, Hradil I & Nevell M, 2007, Monks Hall, Eccles, Salford: An Archaeological Desk-Based Assessment and Building Survey. Manchester: UMAU unpublished report.

Arrowsmith P & Isherwood R, 2009, Dig Greater Manchester Pilot Study. Manchester: UMAU unpublished report.

Arrowsmith P & Isherwood R, 2010, Kirkholt Housing Market Renewal Zone, Rochdale: An Archaeological Desk-Based Assessment. Manchester: UMAU unpublished report.

Arrowsmith P & Power D, 2012, Roman Nantwich: A Salt-making Settlement. Excavations at Kingsley Fields 2002. BAR British series 557.

Atkin M A, 2013, ‘Medieval Land use in the Ancient Parish of Kirkby Kendale’, TCWAAS 3rd Series vol 13, 117-138.

Atkinson C, (ed.), 2019, Celebrating Our Woodland Heritage. Redisher Wood, Holcombe: An Archaeological Woodland Survey. Unpublished Pennine Prospects Report.

Austin A & Bellhouse R L, 2020, ‘A Cropmark near Harrington’, TCWAAS 3rd Series, vol 20, 291-94.

BAG, 2014, ‘Gristlehurst – Part One’, Bury Archaeological Group Newsletter 6: 1-2.

Bagwell M & McPhillips S, 2008, Grand Arcade, Millgate, Wigan, Greater Manchester: Post-Excavation Assessment. Lancaster: Oxford archaeology North, unpublished report.

Bailey R N, 2010, Corpus of Anglo-Saxon Stone Sculpture Volume IX, Cheshire and Lancashire. Oxford: OUP & British Academy.

Bailey R N & Cramp R C, 1988, The British Academy corpus of Anglo-Saxon stone sculpture: Volume 2, Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire North-of-the-Sands. Oxford. Oxford University Press.

Baker D, 1991, Potworks: The Industrial Architecture of the Staffordshire Potteries. London.

Baker R, 2010, ‘Gasworks in Cumbria – the later years’, The Cumbrian Industrialist Volume 7, 59-69.

Ball, M & Savage, C, 2017, ‘Unpublished coin hoards from Cheshire’, JCAS NS 87, 13-59.

Bancroft C, 2010, ‘Scarrow Hill in the Seventeenth Century: A Reconsideration of Vernacular Architecture c.1600 near Naworth, Cumbria’, TCWAAS 3rd Series vol 10, 137-146.

Barker S, Bennis E, Brereton S, Neil N, Riley J, Taylor E and Thurnhill R, 2013 A local list of Lancashire’s unregistered historic designed landscapes. Unpublished technical report, Preston: Lancashire County Council, Lancashire Gardens Trust, and Manchester Metropolitan University http://www.lancsgt.org.uk/llr4.613.pdf

Barnatt J, Bevan B & Edmonds M, 2017, An Upland Biography: Landscape and Prehistory on Gardom’s Edge, Derbyshire. Oxbow: Windgatherer Press.

Barnatt J & Worthington T, 2007, ‘Post-Medieval firesetting in British metal mines: The archaeological evidence’, British Mining Memoirs 83, 1-20.

Barrowclough D, 2007, Multi-Temporality and Material Culture: An Investigation of Continuity and Change in later Prehistoric Lancashire. British Archaeological report British Series 436.

Barrowclough D, 2008, Prehistoric Lancashire. Stroud: The History Press.

Barrowclough D, 2010, Prehistoric Cumbria. Stroud: The History Press.

Barton R N E, Berridge P J, Walker M J J and Bevins R E, 1995 ‘Persistent places in the Mesolithic landscape: an example from the Black Mountain uplands of South Wales’, Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 61, 81-116.

Baverstock K & Tiplady S, 2009, Gated Trackways between Common Land and In-bye Land within Satterthwaite Parish, TCWAAS 3rd Series vol 9, 91-110.

Bayley J, Crossley D & Ponting M, 2008, Metals and Metalworking: A Research Framework for Archaeometallurgy. London: HMS Occasional Publication 6.

Beckley R & Campbell D, 2014, ‘Cheshire past in 2013 Part 1: sites investigated, recorded and protected’, JCAS NS 84, 137-49.

Beeton H & Savage C, 2020, ‘Cheshire Past in 2019: 2: Finds reported under the Portable Antiquities Scheme’, JCAS NS, 90, 177-99.

Bell, M., 2007, Prehistoric coastal communities: The Mesolithic in western Britain, York, Council for British Archaeology, CBA Research Report 149.

Bell S, 2007, Chorlton Fold, Monton, Eccles: An Archaeological Excavation. Manchester: UMAU unpublished report.

Bell S, 2009, Dig Greater Manchester: Northenden Mill. Community Excavations 2005 to 2006. Manchester: University of Manchester Archaeological Unit.

Bennis E and Dyke J, 1995, Historic Cheshire landscapes. 3 volumes, unpublished technical reports, Manchester Metropolitan University Department of Architecture, Landscape and 3D Design for Cheshire County Council and English Heritage.

Bennis E and Dyke J, 1998, Historic designed landscapes of Lancashire. 3 volumes, unpublished technical reports, Manchester Metropolitan University School of Landscape for Lancashire County Council and English Heritage.

Benson D & Bland K, 1963, ‘The Dog Hole, Haverbrack’, TCWAAS 3rd Series vol 63, 61-76.

Benrose G J V, 1957, ‘Thirteenth-century Pottery Kilns at Sneyd Green’, North Staffordshire Field Club Trans 91, 86.

Bevan A, Colledge S, Fuller D, Fyfe R, Shennan S & Stevens C, 2017, ‘Holocene fluctuations in human population demonstrate repeated links to food and climate’, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 114 (49) E10524-E10531 [Online] Available at: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1709190114 (accessed 15 February 2018).

Bidwell P & Croom A, 2015, ‘Appendix 4: The Roman Pottery’ in Hunter-Mann 2015.

Biggins J A & Taylor D J A, 1999, ‘A survey of the Roman fort and settlement at Birdoswald, Cumbria’, Britannia 30, 91-110.

Biggins J A & Taylor D J A, 2004a, ‘A geophysical survey of the vicus at Housesteads Roman fort, April 2003’, Archaeologia Aeliana, 5th Series, 33, 51-60.

Biggins J A & Taylor D J A, 2004b, ‘Geophysical survey of the vicus at Birdoswald Roman fort, Cumbria’, Britannia 35, 159-178.

Biggins J A & Taylor D J A, 2004c, ‘The Roman fort and vicus at Maryport: geophysical survey 2000-2004’, in Wilson, R.J.A. and Caruana, I.D, (eds.) Romans on the Solway: essays in honour of Richard Bellhouse. CW Extra Series, 31. Kendal: Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society, 102-133.

Biggins J A, Strutt K D & Taylor D J A, 2011, ‘A geophysical survey of the extramural settlement at Maryport – 2010’, Hadrian’s Wall Archaeology 2, 27-39.

Biggins J A & Taylor D J A, 2007, ‘The Roman Fort at Castlesteads, Cumbria: a Geophysical Survey of the Vicus’, TCWAAS 3rd Series vol 7, 15-30.

Bishop M, Noon S & Symonds M, 2014, ’Crosby Garret. Exploring the helmet’s burial place’, Current Archaeology, XXIV.11 (No. 287), 12-17.

Blinkhorn E & Milner N, eds, 2013, Mesolithic research and conservation framework 2013. English Heritage, Council for British Archaeology & University of York, https://archaeologydataservice.ac.uk/researchframeworks/mesolithic/wiki/Meso_Res_Cons_Framework   DOI:https://doi.org/10.5284/1028202

Blythe, K., Quartermaine, J. and Vannan, A., 2009, Nether Wasdale, Cumbria: Historic Landscape Survey Report. Lancaster: Oxford Archaeology (North). https://doi.org/10.5284/1046248

Booth P, 2016, ‘A Probable Cattle-Handling Settlement in the Windrush Valley, Oxfordshire: A Brief Summary of 25 Years Work at Gill Mill Quarry, Ducklington and South Leigh’, Britannia 47, 253-261.

Boughton D, 2016, 50 Finds from Cumbria. Objects from the Portable Antiquities Scheme. Stroud: Amberley.

Boughton D, Williams G & Ager B, 2012, ‘Viking Hoards. Buried wealth of the Norse North West’, Current Archaeology, XXII.12 (No. 264), 26-31.

Bowd C R, 2016, ‘A medieval piscina from the grounds of St. Nicholas Church, Whitehaven, Cumbria’, TCWAAS 3rd Series vol 16, 237-240.

Boyle J F, Chiverrell R C, Davies H & Alderson D M, 2015, ‘An approach to modelling the impact of prehistoric farming on Holocene landscape phosphorus dynamics’, The Holocene Vol. 25(1), 203–214.

Bradley J, 2014, Greengate Towers, Salford: Archaeological Analysis Report. Lancaster: Oxford Archaeology North, unpublished Report.

Bradley J & Howard-Davis C, (eds), 2018, From Mesolithic encampment to Medieval estate. The archaeology of the Bay Gateway. Lancaster: Oxford Archaeology, Lancaster imprints 24.

Bradley J & Miller I, 2009, Land to the South of Booth Road, Waterfoot, Rossendale, Lancashire: Archaeological Excavation. Lancaster: Oxford Archaeology North, unpublished Report.

Bradley, J, and Rowland, S, 2020, Brothers Minor: Lancashire’s Lost Fransciscans: Investigations at Preston Friary 1991 and 2007. Lancaster: Lancaster Imprints 28.

Bradley R, Watson A and Style P, 2019, ‘After the Axes? The Rock Art at Copt Howe, North-West England, and the Neolithic Sequence at Great Langdale’, Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/ppr.2019.5

Breeze D J, 2008, ‘Civil Government in the North: the Carvetii, Brigantes and Rome’, TCWAAS 3rd Series vol 8, 63-72.

Breeze D J, 2012a, ‘The Civitas Stones and the Building of Hadrian’s Wall’, TCWAAS 3rd Series vol 12, 69-80.

Breeze D J, 2012b, The First Souvenirs: Enamelled Vessels from Hadrian’s Wall. CWAAS Extra Series Volume XXXVII.

Breeze D J, 2014, Hadrian’s Wall: A History of Archaeological Thought. CWAAS, Extra Series Volume XLII.

Breeze D & Woolliscroft D, 2009, Excavation & Survey at Roman Burgh-by-Sands: Excavations by the late Barri Jones and a geophysical survey by English Heritage. CWAAS, CARR volume 1.

Brennan N, 2015, ‘Working on the Railway: the Risehill Tunnel Navvy Camp, Cumbria’, Industrial Archaeology Review 37.2, 99-110.

Brennand M, 2006, ‘Cwmwhitton: Finding the Viking Dead’, Current Archaeology XVII.13 (No. 204), 623-29.

Brennand M, with Chitty G & Nevell M, 2006, The Archaeology of North West England. An Archaeological Research Framework for North west England: Volume 1. Resource Assessment. Archaeology North West Volume 8.

Brennand M, with Chitty G & Nevell M, 2007, The Archaeology of North West England. An Archaeological Research Framework for North west England: Volume 2. Research Agenda and Strategy. Archaeology North West Volume 9.

Brennand M & Stringer K J, (eds.), 2011, The Making of Carlisle: From Romans to Railways. Kendal Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society Extra Series Vol XXXV.

Bridge M, 2007, The Conference Centre, Whalley Abbey, Whalley, Lancashire: Tree Ring Analysis of Timbers. English Heritage Research Report Series.

Brooks C M, McCarthy M & Railton M D, 2013, ‘Medieval Ceramics from Shaw’s Wiend, Appleby-in-Westmorland, Cumbria’, TCWAAS 3rd Series vol 13, 73-88.

Brooks G, 2010, ‘An Eighteenth Century Westmorland Colliery’, TCWAAS 3rd Series vol 10, 77-92.

Brooks G, 2013, ‘A Pennine Fox Trap’, TCWAAS 3rd Series vol 13, 260-261.

Brooks G, 2014, ‘Some observations on limekilns in east Cumberland’, TCWAAS 3rd Series vol 14, 307-309.

Brooks G, 2019, ‘A short history of William Coulthard & Co Ltd, Carlisle, the first 100 years’, The Cumbrian Industrialist Volume 11, 45-62.

Brooks G, 2020, ‘The Transport of Coal in Cumbria 1650-1750’, The Cumbrian Industrialist Volume 12, 63-71.

Brooks I P, 2006, Lower Eskdale – Geophysical Surveys. Gwynedd, Engineering Archaeological Services Ltd.

Brown F, 2014, ‘The excavation and analysis of a burnt mound, Drigg, Cumbria’, TCWAAS Series 3 14, 9-37

Brown F. and Clark, P. 2011a, Carlisle Northern Development Route, Cumbria: Post-Excavation Assessment. Unpublished OAN Client Report

Brown F & Clark P, 2011b, Stainton West (Parcel 27) CNDR, Cumbria: Post-Excavation Assessment. Unpublished OAN Client Report.

Brown F, Cook G, Druce D, Huckerby E, Marshall P, Rutherford M & Smith D, 2014, ‘The Excavation and Analysis of a Burnt Mound, Drigg, Cumbria’, TCWAAS 3rd Series vol 14, 9-38.

Brown, F. & Gregory, R.A. with Zant, J., 2019, Bridging Time’s Deep River. An Archaeological Journey Along the Carlisle Northern Development Route. Lancaster: Oxford Archaeology Ltd.

Brown F & Howard-Davis C, 2008, Norton Priory: Monastery to Museum. Excavations 1970-87. Oxford: Oxford Archaeology North. Lancaster Imprints 16.

Brumhead D, 2008, ‘Torr Vale Mill and the cotton industry on the River Goyt at New Mills’, Cheshire History 48, ??-??

Brumhead D, 2019, ‘New Mills in Bowden Middlecale: rural industry before the industrial revolution’, TLCAS 111, 1-12.

Buckley V, (ed.), 1990, Burnt offerings: international contributions to burnt mound archaeology. Dublin.

Bull S, 2008, The Lancaster Roman Cavalry Stone: Triumphant Rider. Palatine Books.

Bundock E, 2015, ‘The Tisdall Cross, Armathwaite, Cumbria’, TCWAAS 3rd Series vol 15, 250-254.

Burn A, Jecock M & Oswald A, 2009, Cockersand Abbey, Thurnham, Lancashire: An Analytical Earthwork Survey. English Heritage Research Report.

Burns A, 2014, The Prehistoric Footprints at Formby: Discover the Footprints on the Sefton Coast and Tale a Glimpse into Prehistoric Britain. Sefton Coast Landscape Partnership Scheme.

Burns, A, 2019, An 8,000 year record of prehistoric footprints in a dynamic coastal landscape, Formby Point, UK. unpublished PhD thesis, University of Manchesterhttps://www.research.manchester.ac.uk/portal/files/182560711/FULL_TEXT.PDF

Caffrey H, 2016, ‘Housing the Munitions Workers: Gretna, Eastriggs and Barrow-in Furness’, TCWAAS 3rd Series vol 16, 25-50.

Caitling C, 2010, ‘Magic & Mining. The Alderley Edge Landscape Project’, Current Archaeology Issue Volume XX.10 (No 238), 22-31.

Caitling C, 2016, ‘On the Edge. The story of Alderley from prehistoric to the present’, Current Archaeology, XXVII.3 (No. 315), 12-19.

Carrington P, 2008, ‘Beyond the walls: recent discoveries in the extramural areas of Roman Chester’, Cheshire History 48, ??-??

Carrington P, 2011, ‘Foreword’ in Saunders T. (ed.) Roman North West England: Hinterland or ‘Indian Country’? Archaeology North West (new series) 2, CBA North West, 7-8.

Carrington P, 2011, ‘Roman North West England: Hinterland or ‘Indian County’? It Depends on Precisely Where and When: Review Article’, in Saunders T, (ed.), 2011, Roman North West England: Hinterland of ‘Indian Country’?’. Archaeology North West (New Series) 2, 105-111.

Carter K and Peterson R, 2014, Excavations at New Laund Farm, Whitewell, Lancashire, 2014: Draft Interim Report. Unpublished UCLAN Archaeology Report.

Caruana I, 2004, ‘The cemetery at Beckfoot Roman Fort’ in Wilson R J A and Caruana I D, (eds.), Romans on the Solway: Essays in Honour of Richard Bellhouse, Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society Extra Ser 31, Kendal, 134-173.

Caruana I, 2007, ‘The Anglo-Saxon pot in the Senhouse Museum, Maryport’, TCWAAS 3rd Series vol 7, 224-225.

Cattell, S, 2015, Community Archaeological Excavation: Halton Castle, Runcorn. Unpublished Salford Archaeology Report

Cavanagh N, 2010, Lower Brockholes Quarry, Preston, Lancashire: Archaeological Excavation Report.Unpublished North Pennines Archaeology Report.

Cavanagh N & Town M, 2010, Overby Quarry, Aikshaw, Aspatria, Cumbria: Archaeological Excavation Report. Unpublished North Pennines [now Wardell Armstrong Archaeology] Client Report.

CfAA, 2018, Historic Textile Mills of Greater Manchester: Survey Review and Heritage Audit. Executive summary. Centre for Applied Archaeology, University of Salford.

Chamberlain A T, nd., Gazetteer of caves, fissures and rock shelters in north West England, containing human remains,  http://caveburial.ubss.org.uk/northwest/northwest.htm  accessed April 2019

Chatterton, R. 2003 “Star Carr re-analysed” in Bevan L and Moore J, eds, Peopling the Mesolithic in a Northern Environment. BAR International Series (1157), Oxford, Archaeopress 69-80.

Cherry J & Cherry J, 2007, ‘Seascale Gasworks’, TCWAAS 3rd Series vol 7, 169-178.

Cherry P, (ed.), 2007, Studies in Northern Prehistory. TCWAAS Extra Series Vol XXXIII.

Cherry P J, 2009, ‘Flint and tuff in prehistoric Cumbria’, Internet Archaeology 26, http://intarch.ac.uk/journal/issue26/3/tof.html

Chiverrell R, Davies H & Marshall P, 2016, ‘Environmental changes in lowland Cheshire: Hatchmere and Peckforton Mere’, in Garner D (ed), Hillforts of the Cheshire Ridge. Oxford: Archaeopress Archaeology, 267-268.

Chiverrell R C, Thrasher I M, Thomas G S P, Lang A, Scourse J D, van Landeghem K J J, Mccarroll D, Clark C D, Cofaigh C Ó, Evans D J A and Ballantyne C K, 2013, ‘Bayesian modelling the retreat of the Irish Sea Ice Stream’, Journal of Quaternary Science 28 (2), 200-209. https://doi.org/10.1002/jqs.2616

Churchill D, with Jackson D, O’Meara D, Stoakley M and Young R, 2017, ‘New Cowper Quarry, Aspatria: Investigation of a prehistoric settlement 2003 & 2005’, in Jackson D & Churchill D, 2017, Life, death and landscape on the Abbeytown Ridge in the 2nd and 3rd millennium BC. Excavations at Overby Quarry and New Cowper Quarry. Cumberland & Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society, Cumbria Archaeological Research Reports No. 7, 52-68.

Clare T, 2008, ‘A Flake of a Stone Axe from Ash Fell’, TCWAAS 3rd Series vol 8, 241.

Clare T, 2009, ‘A Magical Thing: The Layout of the Long Meg Enclosures’, TCWAAS 3rd Series vol 9, 21-28.

Clare T, 2009, An Asymmetrical Trade: Trade in the Exotic and Our Understanding of Axes and Early Neolithic Exchange. Internet Archaeology 26, http://intarch.ac.uk/journal/issue26/clare_toc.html

Clare T, 2019, ‘Excavations at Castle Haven, 1978-1981’, TCWAAS 3rd Series 19, 59-78.

Clare T, O’Regan H J & Wilkinson Parish D M, 2008, ‘Greenwell’s Lost Barrow “CLXXIV” in Crosby Garrett’, TCWAAS 3rd Series vol 8, 1-18.

Clare T & Wilkinson D M, 2006, Moor Divock revisited: some new sites, survey and interpretations, TCWAAS 3rd Series vol 6, 1-16.

Clark C D, Ely JC, Greenwood S L, Hughes A L C, Meehan R, Barr I D, Bateman M D, Bradwell T, Doole J, Evans D J A, Jordan C J, Monteys X, Pellicer X M and Sheehy M, 2018, ‘BRITICE Glacial Map, version 2: a map and GIS database of glacial landforms of the last British–Irish Ice Sheet’, Boreas 47 (1), 11 – e8, online from 2017 at https://doi.org/10.1111/bor.12273

Clark, J. G. D. 1932, The Mesolithic Age in Britain. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Clark P & Healey C, 2006, Kingsway Business Park, Rochdale, Greater Manchester: Archaeological Survey and Excavation. Lancaster: Oxford Archaeology North unpublished report.

Clarke C, 2013, Mapping the Medieval City: Space, Place and Identity in Chester c. 1200-1600. University of Wales.

Clarke P, 2020, ‘Early medieval finds from Cheshire reported to the Portable Antiquities Scheme: a survey’, JCAS NS 90, 671- 122.

Clayton J A, 2014, Burnley and Pendle Archaeology. Part One. Ice Age to Early Bronze Age. Barrowford Press.

Clayton J A, 2014, Burnley and Pendle Archaeology. Part Two. Middle Bronze Age to Iron Age. Barrowford Press.

Collins R, 2014, ‘Penannular Brooches from the northern granary at Birdoswald: A reappraisal’, TCWAAS 3rd Series vol 14, 286-291.

Collins R & Allason-Jones L, (eds), 2010 Finds from the Frontier: Material Culture in the 4th-5th Centuries. CBA Research Report 162, York.

Conneller C, 2004, “Becoming deer. Corporeal transformations at Star Carr”, Archaeological Dialogues 11(1): 37-56.

Conneller C, Bayliss A, Milner N and Taylor B, 2016, ‘The resettlement of the British landscape: Towards a chronology of Early Mesolithic lithic assemblage types’, Internet Archaeology 42, https://doi.org/10.11141/ia.42.12

Cook J & Bullock V, 2010, Windermere Reflections – Stage One: Archaeological and Historical Assessment for the Windermere Catchment. Lancaster: Oxford Archaeology North, unpublished report.

Cook, O, 2019 ‘Roman Road Unearthed in Lancashire’, Current Archaeology, 349.

Cook, O. and Miller, I, 2020, ‘Settlement, Land-use and Communication at Cuerden, Central Lancashire: An Archaeological Case Study, TLCAS 112, 152-181.

Cook, O., Miller, I. and Rowe, S. 2019, Cuerden Strategic Site, Cuerden Green, South Ribble, Lancashire: Post-excavation Assessment. Unpublished Salford Archaeology Report

Cool H E M, 2004, The Roman Cemetery at Brougham, Cumbria: Excavations 1966-67. London: Britannia Monograph 21.

Cool H E M & Baxter M J, 2016, ‘Brooches and Britannia’, Britannia 47, 71-98. 

Cooper G, 2014, Salters (deer-leaps) in historical deer park boundaries. A case study employing a 1608 dispute map of Leagram Park in Bowland, Lancashire. Forest of Bowland AONB unpublished report.

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