I would like to thank Andrew Lines, Jim McNeil, Zac Nellist, and Dinah Saich of the South Yorkshire Archaeology Service; for approaching me to see if I would be interested in contributing to the South Yorkshire Research Framework. The comments made during and after the workshop on the Iron Age and Roman periods by the many colleagues who attended were extremely useful, and wherever possible have been incorporated within this document.
I was privileged to spend some years living and working as an archaeologist in South Yorkshire. I would like to thank the following for many past conversations, information, and insightful ideas concerning fieldwork techniques and aspects of the Iron Age and Roman-British archaeology of South Yorkshire – Tim Allen, Simon Atkinson, Dr Bill Bevan, Mark Brennand, Professor Paul Buckland, Andrea Burgess, Dr Tim Cockrell, Professor John Collis, John Cruse, Dr Chris Cumberpatch, Patrick Daniel, Alison Deegan, Professor Mark Edmonds, Melanie Francis, Dr Eleanor Ghey, Dr Catriona Gibson, Dr Melanie Giles, Dr Andy Hammon, Kate Howell, Dom Latham, Ruth Leary, Andrew Lines, Louisa Matthews, Jim McNeil, Colin Merrony, Dr Debora Moretti, Richard O’Neill, Professor Mike Parker Pearson, Dr Rachael Reader, Dr Jane Richardson, Graham Robbins, Ian Roberts, Peter Robinson, Bob Sydes, Roy Sykes, Dr Jeremy Taylor, Reuben Thorpe, Steve Webster, Sarah Whiteley, and David Williams. I am grateful to Colin Merrony, Chris Grimbley and Dr Robert Johnston at the University of Sheffield for allowing me access in the past to the University of Sheffield Library of Aerial Photographs (SLAP) that belonged to the late Derrick Riley. I would also like to thank the indefatigable members of the Hunter Archaeological Society, Arteamus and the Doncaster Archaeology Group.
Unless otherwise stated, all dates including calibrated radiocarbon dates are presented as years BC or AD, but for ease of reading details of these dates including laboratory names and numbers have not been included. Readers are referred to the original references. No uncalibrated dates BP (Before Present) have been used.
ADS Archaeology Data Service
AMS Accelerator Mass Spectrometry
ARCUS Archaeological Research and Consultancy University of Sheffield (now defunct)
AS WYAS Archaeological Services West Yorkshire Archaeology Service
BAR British Archaeological Reports
BUFAU Birmingham University Field Archaeology Unit (now defunct)
CIfA Chartered Institute for Archaeologists
DCMS Department of Culture, Media and Sport
MAP MAP Archaeological Consultancy Ltd
NAA Northern Archaeological Associates
OA North Oxford Archaeology North
OSL Optically Stimulated Luminescence
PAS Portable Antiquities Scheme
SYAS South Yorkshire Archaeology Service
SYAU South Yorkshire Archaeology Unit (now defunct)
TVAS Thames Valley Archaeological Services
I would like to dedicate this section of the Research Framework to the memory of Flight Lieutenant Derrick Newton Riley DFC PhD (1915–1993), who was one of the first archaeologists to identify the extensive cropmark field systems of South Yorkshire and propose that some originated during the Iron Age. He was right.