High Medieval

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7. HIGH MEDIEVAL (1066–1485): RESEARCH AGENDA

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7.1 Urbanism

7.1.3: How may we enhance our understanding of the chronology, functions and morphology of caves, and in particular the outstanding subterranean resource of medieval Nottingham?

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7.2 Rural settlement

7.2.1: How can we elucidate further the development of nucleated villages, and in particular the contribution of the Danelaw to changes in village morphology?

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7.2.2: How can we shed further light upon the origin and development of dispersed hamlets and farms in champion and pastoral areas?

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7.2.3: How can we improve our understanding of the form, evolution and functions of buildings within rural settlements and establish the extent of surviving medieval fabrics?

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Status:
Active
Date accepted:
Date of next review:
Found in the following Frameworks:
East Midlands Historic Environment Research Framework
Categories:
MEDIEVAL
Linked Strategy(s):
Investigate the morphology of rural settlements

7.2.4: Can we clarify further the processes of settlement desertion and shrinkage, especially within zones of dispersed settlement?

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7.3 Manors and manorial estates

7.3.1: How can the classification of moated and non-moated manorial sites be improved?

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Status:
Active
Date accepted:
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Found in the following Frameworks:
East Midlands Historic Environment Research Framework
Categories:
MEDIEVAL
Linked Strategy(s):
Investigate the development, structure and landholdings of manorial estate centres

7.3.2: How did the medieval manor and manorial estates develop from the Anglo-Saxon period, and what was the impact of the Danelaw?

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7.3.3: Can we improve our knowledge and classification of moated sites in the region, and how can environmental data add to our knowledge?

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Status:
Active
Date accepted:
Date of next review:
Found in the following Frameworks:
East Midlands Historic Environment Research Framework
Categories:
MEDIEVAL
Linked Strategy(s):
Investigate the development, structure and landholdings of manorial estate centres

7.3.4: What standing buildings are present on moated sites and what functions may associated features found during survey have performed?

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Status:
Active
Date accepted:
Date of next review:
Found in the following Frameworks:
East Midlands Historic Environment Research Framework
Categories:
MEDIEVAL
Linked Strategy(s):
Investigate the development, structure and landholdings of manorial estate centres

7.3.5: How did manor buildings develop over time, how may architectural styles have varied, and what can we learn about traditional constructional skills and designs?

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7.4 Castles, military sites and country houses

7.4.1: How can studies of the region’s buildings contribute to an understanding of castle origins, and can we identify local typologies of castles and country houses?

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7.4.2: What was the date and function of currently undated minor motte and bailey castles?

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Status:
Active
Date accepted:
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Found in the following Frameworks:
East Midlands Historic Environment Research Framework
Categories:
MEDIEVAL

7.4.3: How many castle sites have been lost within the region?

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Status:
Active
Date accepted:
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Found in the following Frameworks:
East Midlands Historic Environment Research Framework
Categories:
MEDIEVAL

7.4.4: Was there continuity of location between castles and country houses, and are earlier structures concealed in later buildings?

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Status:
Active
Date accepted:
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Found in the following Frameworks:
East Midlands Historic Environment Research Framework
Categories:
MEDIEVAL
Linked Strategy(s):
Undertake syntheses of urban excavation, survey and documentary data to develop understanding of town development

7.4.5: What local resources were used for building and maintenance and what was the environmental context and economic impact of these buildings?

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7.4.6: How should battlefield sites be further investigated?

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Status:
Active
Date accepted:
Date of next review:
Found in the following Frameworks:
East Midlands Historic Environment Research Framework
Categories:
MEDIEVAL
Linked Strategy(s):
Investigate the location and character of medieval battlefields

7.5 Religion

7.5.1: Can we identify additional pre-Conquest church, minster and monastic sites and elucidate the development of later monastic settlement (particularly the regionally important Gilbertine and Templar orders)?

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Active
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Found in the following Frameworks:
East Midlands Historic Environment Research Framework
Categories:
MEDIEVAL

7.5.2: Can we discern significant differences in the planning, economy and landscape impact of the different monastic orders (e.g. Witham Valley)?

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Active
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Found in the following Frameworks:
East Midlands Historic Environment Research Framework
Categories:
MEDIEVAL

7.5.3: Can we elucidate further the development of hospitals and colleges?

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Status:
Active
Date accepted:
Date of next review:
Found in the following Frameworks:
East Midlands Historic Environment Research Framework
Categories:
MEDIEVAL
Linked Strategy(s):
Undertake syntheses of urban excavation, survey and documentary data to develop understanding of town development

7.5.4: Can we shed further light upon the distribution and development of early churches or chapels and the origins and growth of the parish system?

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7.5.5: How can we refine our understanding of local and regional architectural styles, including sculptured stonework, decorations and monuments?

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Status:
Active
Date accepted:
Date of next review:
Found in the following Frameworks:
East Midlands Historic Environment Research Framework
Categories:
MEDIEVAL
Linked Strategy(s):
Undertake syntheses of urban excavation, survey and documentary data to develop understanding of town development

7.5.6: What may we deduce from scientific analyses of cemetery populations about changes in diet, mortality and other demographic variables, both within the region and between social groups?

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7.6 Industry and trade

7.6.1: How and where was post-Conquest pottery manufactured and distributed, and what communication systems were employed?

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7.6.2: By what means were the extractive mineral industries controlled or organised by royal, monastic or lay lords?

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Status:
Active
Date accepted:
Date of next review:
Found in the following Frameworks:
East Midlands Historic Environment Research Framework
Categories:
MEDIEVAL
Linked Strategy(s):
Research the regional communications infrastructure

7.6.3: Can we identify, investigate and date sites associated with the region’s key extractive industries (especially iron, coal, lead and alabaster), the production and distribution of cloth and leather-work, and freshwater or marine fishing?

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Status:
Active
Date accepted:
Date of next review:
Found in the following Frameworks:
East Midlands Historic Environment Research Framework
Categories:
MEDIEVAL
Linked Strategy(s):
Investigate further the role of markets, fairs and ports and trading routes

7.6.4: Can we develop a typological classification of buildings associated with medieval industrial and commercial activities and can we identify sub-regional and chronological patterning?

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7.7 The agrarian landscape and food-producing economy

7.7.1: Can we shed further light upon the origins and development of the open-field system and its impact upon agricultural practices?

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Status:
Active
Date accepted:
Date of next review:
Found in the following Frameworks:
East Midlands Historic Environment Research Framework
Categories:
MEDIEVAL
Linked Strategy(s):
Investigate the development of the open-field system and medieval woodland management

7.7.2: Can we establish the character and extent of the field systems of non-champion landscapes (e.g. upland Derbyshire)?

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Status:
Active
Date accepted:
Date of next review:
Found in the following Frameworks:
East Midlands Historic Environment Research Framework
Categories:
MEDIEVAL
Linked Strategy(s):
Investigate the development of the open-field system and medieval woodland management

7.7.3: What can we deduce about changes in woodland management and animal or crop husbandry (including new crops, crop rotation, field systems, more intensive cultivation of clay soils and larger animals, particularly sheep)?

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7.7.4: What can environmental remains teach us about diet and living conditions in urban, rural and coastal communities?

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7.7.6: How best may we enhance study of the origins and development of early land reclamation and drainage, particularly in Lincolnshire?

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Status:
Active
Date accepted:
Date of next review:
Found in the following Frameworks:
East Midlands Historic Environment Research Framework
Categories:
MEDIEVAL